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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



REPORT OF THE 



LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS 



AND 



REPORT OF THE 

SUPERINTENDENT OF THE LIBRARY 
BUILDING AND GROUNDS 



FOR THE FISCAL YEAR 
ENDING JUNE 30 



1919 




WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
1919 




This volume is for sale by the 

SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS 

Government Printing Office 

Washington, D. C. 

Price, 15 cts. 






TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Page 

Form of gift or bequest to the Library of Congress 4 

List of officers 5 

Roll of Honor 6 

Report of the Librarian 7 

Appendix la. Appropriations and expenditures (tables ) . . 109-1 1 1 

Ib. Appropriation acts, 1919-20 113-120 

II. Report of the Register of Copyrights 121-142 

III. Manuscripts and Broadsides: List of Acces- 
sions, 1918-19 143-168 

Report of the Superintendent of the Library Building and 
Grounds. .. i 6 9~ I 79 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



The Library of Congress. Exterior view Frontispiece 

Plan of the cellar Facing page 6 

Plan of the basement Facing page 6 

Plan of the first or main floor Facing page 6 

Plan of the second floor Facing page 6 

Plan of the attic Facing page 6 

3 



FORM OF GIFT OR BEQUEST TO THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

"To THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, TO BE PLACED IN THE 
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AND ADMINISTERED THEREIN BY THE 
AUTHORITIES THEREOF." 
4 



LIST OF OFFICERS 



LIBRARIANS SINCE THE INCEPTION OF THE LIBRARY 

1802-1807 John Beckley, Clerk of the House of Representatives and 

Librarian 
1807-1815 Patrick Magruder, Clerk of the House of Representatives 

and Librarian 

1815-1829 George Watterston 
1829-1861 John Silva Meehan 
1861-1864 John G. Stephenson 
1863-1897 (June jo) Ainsworth Rand Spofford 
1897 (July i)-January 17, 1899 John Russell Young 
1899 (April 5) Herbert Putnam 

LIBRARY STAFF 
GENERAL ADMINISTRATION- 
HERBERT PUTNAM Librarian of Congress 

APPLETON PRENTISS CLARK GRIFFIN Chief Assistant Librarian 
Allen Richards Boyd Chief Clerk 
Jessica Louise Farnum Secretary 

DIVISIONS 

Reading Room Frederick William Ashley, Superintendent; Hugh 
Alexander Morrison, John Graham Morrison, chief assistants 

Division of Bibliography Herman Henry Bernard Meyer, Chief 

Card Division Charles Harris Hastings, Chief 

Catalogue Division Charles Martel, Chief 

Classification Division Clarence W. Perley, Chief 

Division of Documents Henry John Harris, Chief 

Legislative Reference {L'nder the direction of the Law Librarian): 
Charles Warren Collins, jr., administrative assistant 

Division of Manuscripts Charles Moore, Acting Chief 

Division of Maps and Charts Philip Lee Phillips, Chief 

Division of Music Walter R. Whittlesey, assistant in charge 

Order Division Chief 

Division of Periodicals William Adams Slade, Chief 

Division of Prints Richard Austin Rice, Acting Chief 

Semitic Division Israel Schapiro, in charge 

Smithsonian Deposit Paul Brockett, Custodian (office at Smithsonian 
Institution^); Francis Henry Parsons, assistant in charge 

Law Library Law Librarian 



6 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

COPYRIGHT OFFICE 

THORVALD SOLBERG Register of Copyrights 
ARTHUR CRISFIELD Assistant Register of Copyrights 

LIBRARY BRANCH, GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

Printing John W. Childress, foreman 
Binding R. C. Lohmeyer, foreman 

LIBRARY BUILDING AND GROUNDS 

FRANK LLOYD AVERILL Superintendent 
Wade H. Rabbitt Chief Clerk 
Charles E. Ray Chief Engineer 
Damon Warren Harding Electrician 
John G. Deitrick Captain of the watch 

ROLL OF HONOR 

The following men from the Library died in the military 
service of the country in the war with Germany: 

Corporal CHARLES EDWIN CHAMBERS (Smithsonian Division), Company 

C., 3i2th Machine Gun Battalion 
Lieutenant EDWARD THEODORE COMEGYS (Copyright Office), nth 

Aero Squadron 
Corporal FRANK EDWARD DUNKIN (Copyright Office) Company I, 

54th U. S. Infantry 
Private JOHN WOODBURY WHEELER (Superintendent Building and 

Grounds force), Signal Corps, U. S. A. 



--^p 

I ii 




" n 




REPORT 

OF 

THE LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 
Washington, D. C., December i, 1919 

SIR: I have the honor to submit herewith my report, 
as Librarian of Congress, for the year ending June 30, 
1919. The report of the Superintendent of the Library 
Building and Grounds (and Disbursing Officer) follows, 
beginning at page 169. That of the Register of Copy- 
rights is, as usual, attached as Appendix II. 

The abnormal (war-time) conditions of the year pre- 
ceding continued into the one just concluded. They 
did not cease with the armistice, nor, as regards the 
Library, with the signature of the Treaty of Peace. They 
have affected the acquisition of material, the character 
of the demands for it, and every operation of internal 
administration conditioned upon the efficiency of the 
personnel. 

The area of purchase continued restricted in certain 
countries by the blockade, in all by the relative inactivity 
of the book trade, except for an occasional sale of rarities, 
of interest rather to a collector than to a library such 
as ours. On the other hand the war itself was producing 
a literature toward which we had a special obligation, 
though the volume of the material was so prodigious, 
and the means of acquiring it so imperfect, as to render 
the measure of this obligation dubious and the fulfillment 

140387 19 2 _ 



8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

of it uncertain. The demands for service, diminished 
from certain directions, intensified in others. Yet the 
depletion of the staff [for example, in the Reading Rooms, 
see infra] continued, with all the impairments of efficiency 
involved in the loss of experienced workers, and the 
general restlessness inevitable upon frequent changes 
of personnel. 

That in spite of all these embarrassments the routine 
has been maintained, and both an intake and an output 
so little below the normal, is highly creditable to the 
loyalty and the efficiency of the veteran employees who 
"stood by." 

And they have not been content merely to maintain 
the routine. They have, in addition, enabled the Library 
to play an active and appropriate part in the general 
war effort of the United States. That effort consisted 
not merely in the development of the fighting forces, 
and the training of these in the technique of war, but in 
unprecedented measures for the education, improvement, 
and welfare of the individuals among them. The technique 
required by novel conditions, appliances, and methods 
involved in this training the application of nearly all the 
modern arts and sciences; and the education, improve- 
ment, and welfare included every aid to a superior 
knowledge, understanding, and physical and moral well- 
being. 

Books were of course essential; and not merely books 
supplied at random, but libraries systematically organ- 
ized, and an expert library service. At the invitation 
of the Government, the American Library Association 
undertook to assure these, and it has done so. In two 
appeals to the public the first, in the Autumn of 1917; 
the second (jointly with six other "welfare" organiza- 
tions) in the Autumn of 1918 it raised two funds, 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 9 

applicable to books, Buildings, transportation service, 
and other expenses. The first totaled over $1,700,000; 
its share of the second, about $3,500,000; or an aggre- 
gate of over five million dollars. Through other appeals 
it secured the gift of some five million books, of which a 
large percentage proved useful for certain of the needs. 
It erected library buildings in all of the large training 
camps (over 40 in number), stocked them with books, 
and provided for them an expert service recruited chiefly 
from its own ranks. It has carried the books, and in . 
varying degrees the service, into hundreds of smaller 
posts; has assured them to our vessels of war and trans- 
ports, and has followed with them every American unit 
operating overseas even in Russia and Siberia. For 
the Expeditionary Forces in France alone, it has shipped 
abroad over two million books and as many magazines, 
has maintained in Paris a headquarters from which the 
distribution of these was controlled, and during the past 
year (when the armistice had produced conditions which 
greatly intensified the need of such aids to morale) it has 
developed in France a considerable establishment in the 
field akin to that in the home camps. The Paris Head- 
quarters itself included a reference and lending library 
typical of American library methods, which has not merely 
rendered a service to the Americans who have used it, 
but so impressed the French public that it will have 
exerted an international influence upon their own library 
system. This central collection is likely to remain in 
Paris for a permanent service. 

To the educational project initiated by the Army Edu- 
cational Commission during the Winter of 1918-19, and 
in active operation until June 1919, the Association fur- 
nished its appropriate aid in reference collections placed 
with the various posts which were the centers of instruction, 



IO Report of the Librarian of Congress 

and at the [fourteen] French universities where members 
of the A. E. F. pursued special studies. At the A. E. F. 
University at Beaune with its 6,000 students and a faculty 
of 600 teachers it established and maintained a reference 
library of nearly 30,000 volumes, with a professional staff 
capable of rendering the service customary in an academic 
library at home. This library at Beaune, occupying three 
buildings, with seats for i ,500 readers, was perhaps the 
most notable feature of this most notable effort to maintain 
the morale of the troops pending demobilization, to furnish 
them useful occupation, and to improve them for the 
vocations they were about to resume. 

In addition to the collections thus organized, the Asso- 
ciation issued by mail thousands of volumes of a like 
character (books for serious study) in response to indi- 
vidual requests. 

These operations were novel in war, and the conduct 
of them exclusively by a professional organization of 
libraries and librarians (for such is the American Library 
Association) was unique in this war. The duty to them 
of the Library of Congress both as a governmental library 
and as the national head of our library system was apparent 
from the outset. In October 1917, it became the General 
Headquarters for the work, and I myself, as Librarian of 
Congress, the General Director of it. In addition, every 
appropriate resource of the Library, bibliographic and 
otherwise, that could legally be applied was freely accorded, 
together with, of course, the volunteer aid of numerous 
members of the staff. 

This aid, like my own, could be arranged for without 
undue neglect of the routine of the Library itself, the 
exceptional cases of a few employees whose entire time 
was required for the War Service being provided for by 
a transfer to the War Service Roll. The needs overseas 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 1 

required my own presence in England and France for the 
eight months beginning in January 1919; but the needs 
of the Library itself (in the acquisition of material) would 
have rendered such a trip, with a somewhat prolonged 
sojourn, desirable in its own interest. 



The War Service is only now concluding, but there will 
be an aftermath. The experience which our country has 
had of an organization for war service must not lapse with 
the emergency which called it forth. In numerous ways 
industrial, economic, educational, "welfare" it should 
be equally applicable to a service of peace. And the parts 
which books have played in it will especially be thus applica- 
ble. Their aid to military efficiency has been so convincing 
that adequate libraries, with a professional personnel 
libraries not merely as heretofore at the military and naval 
academies for the benefit of officers, but available throughout 
the active service will hereafter form part of the regular 
military and naval establishments. Toward the equipment 
of these the American Library Association has offered the 
choice of any residue of material remaining from its war 
service. But in addition, it sees an opportunity for a 
further service to the civilian efforts that are certain to 
continue under the momentum already acquired. Whatever 
the relation it undertakes to these, any aid that the Library 
of Congress can appropriately render should be as freely 
available as it has been during the emergency itself. 



As regards its internal administration the pressing needs 
of the Library are: 

1. A fundamental readjustment of the salary schedule, 
to adapt it to the present cost of living. 

2. A (few) additional positions to perfect the organi- 
zation. 



12 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

3. Additional equipment for the accommodation of ma- 
terial in certain divisions,particularly the Map and Music. 

4. A bookstack in the Northeast courtyard. 

The need of this stack has been indicated in the estimates 
of the Superintendent of the Building during the past two 
years, which included an item (merely $1,500) for the 
preparation of the requisite plans. The item was not 
allowed. During the interim the need has of course become 
the more pressing with the additional growth of the col- 
lections. Two years more of this growth without relief 
will create a situation seriously embarrassing. 

Accordingly the Superintendent is providing in his pres- 
ent estimates for the sum necessary for the actual construc- 
tion of the stack. In the submission of this estimate, the 
exact details as to the condition of the shelves will of course 
be made evident to the committee. 

SERVICE; 

In the continued absence of Dr. Hunt, still retained 
in the emergency service of the State Department, Mr. 
Charles Moore has for the greater part of the year served 
as Acting Chief of the Division of Manuscripts. 

Since the close of the fiscal year there have been two 
resignations of Chiefs of Division: one was of Mr. Theodore 
W. Koch, Chief of the Order Division (since October 13, 
1916), who on September ist left us to take the librarian- 
ship of Northwestern University; the other was of Mr. James 
D. Thompson who (also in September) resigned as Law 
Librarian and head of the Legislative Reference Service. 

FINANCE 

The following table exhibits the appropriations and 
expenditures of the Library proper and of the Copyright 
Office for the fiscal year, and the appropriations for the 
preceding fiscal year and the year now current. Included 
also are the appropriations for the equipment and care of 
the building and grounds, expended by the Superintendent. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



Object of appropriations 


A ppropTi a- 
tions 1918 


Appropria- 
tions 1919 


Expendi- 
tures 1919 


Appropria- 
tions 1920 


Library and Copyright Office: 
Salaries 


$373, 860. oo 


$276,460.00 


*$27i,6S9-67 


$279,360.00 






2,000-00 


i; 983- 31 


2,000-00 




10 000-00 


10,000.00 


9>975- 25 


10,000.00 


Distribution of card indexes 
Legislative reference 


"48, 136. 57 
' 27,000-00 


"50,210.02 

30.000.00 


0*49,450-12 
* 2 9?437-67 


49,400.00 
45,000-00 




960.00 


960-00 


, *570- 83 


960.00 


Copyright Office 


IC4. 74C. OO 


104. 740. oo 


/*i<>37 S98- 50 


104, 740. oo 


Increase of Library 


3 98.000.00 


a 98, ooo. oo 


* 98, ooo. oo 


ff 98,000-00 


Contingent expenses 


b 7.312- <;2 


68,685.09 


* 7.978-90 


7,300.00 












Total Library and Copyright 
Office 


571.009.09 


581,055.11 


572,684.25 


596. 760-00 












Building and grounds: 
Care and maintenance, includ- 
ing Sunday service 


86,005.00 


88,065.00 


***85,398-39 


89, 065. oo 


Fuel, light, and miscellaneous . . 
Fuel, light, and miscellaneous 


1 8, 100- oo 


18, 500. oo 


* 18,468. 56 


16.000. oo 








* 11,977.95 


12,000.00 


Refitting old boiler room and 










Extension of steel stack 




















Total building and grounds. . . 


129.005-00 


131,565-00 


128,330-39 


127,065.00 


Grand total 


700.014.09 


712,620. ii 


701,014-64 


723,825.00 


Printing and binding (allotment, 
not appropriation) 


e 2OO, 529. 89 


C 2OO, 100.47 


200,221- 76 


200,000.00 


Bequest of Gertrude M. Hubbard 
(interest account). . . 


<*827-6; 


<* &12. 6* 


* 6n. =;; 


<* 1 . 020. 10 



Appropriation 1918 includes credits $1,236.37 on account of sales of card indexes to 
Government institutions. 

Appropriation 1919 includes $814.12 credits on account of sales of cards to Government 
institutions and $353.65 yet to be credited. Includes also a deficiency appropriation of 
$2,142.25 approved July n, 1919. Expenditures 1919 ($49.450- 12 including outstanding 
indebtedness) offset by subscriptions covered into the Treasury $70. 984.73. 

& Appropriation 1918 includes $9.04 on account of sales of photo-duplications to Gov- 
ernment institutions; credit of $3.48 by return of photostat spools. Appropriation 1919 
includes credits of $1.00 on account of sales of photo-duplications to Government insti- 
tutions; and $12.72 yet to be credited. Includes also a deficiency appropriation approved 
July ii, 1919. $1.371-37- 

e Allotment 1918 includes credits $529. 89 on account of sales of cards to Government 
institutions. Allotment 1919 includes credits of $348.91 on account of sales of cards to 
Government institutions and $151.56 yet to be credited. 

<* Includes balance from preceding year in addition to appropriation of $800. 

f Any unexpended balance of purchase of books will be available for the succeeding year. 

/ Offset by fees covered into the Treasury ($113,118.00). 

S Exclusive of $2.000 to be expended by the marshal of the Supreme Court for new 
books of reference for that body. 

* Made available in fiscal year 191 7 upon passage of legislative act for the fiscal year 1918. 

* Including outstanding indebtedness. 

* Including $2,000 urgent deficiency appropriation approved March 28, 1918. 
Including outstanding indebtedness of $279.65. 

* Does not include "Increase of Compensation " $45,349. 61. 
** Does not include "Increase of Compensation '' $13,415.98. 



14 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The appropriations for 1918-19 varied from those in the 
preceding year in the following particulars : 

Salaries General administration: The following salaries 
were increased: i stenographer and typewriter from $840 
to $900; messenger to Chief Assistant Librarian from $540 
to $600. 

Reading Room: The following additional positions: 2 
assistants $840 each; the following salaries were increased, 
2 assistants from $960 to $1,200, 3 assistants from $960 to 
$1,000, i telephone operator from $660 to $720. 

Smithsonian deposit: The following salary was increased: 
i messenger $780 to assistant at $840. 

Law Library: The following salary was increased: junior 
messenger from $420 to assistant $600. 

Semitic and Oriental Literature: i additional assistant, 



Legislative Reference: Appropriation increased from $25,- 
ooo to $30,000. The following added: Provided, That no 
person shall be employed hereunder at a rate of compensa- 
tion exceeding $3,000 per annum. 

The appropriations for 191920 include the following 
changes and additional provisions : 

Document Division: The following additional positions: 
2 translators at $1,200 each. 

Congressional Reference Library: The following salary 
was increased : Custodian from $i ,500 to $2,000. 

Legislative Reference: Appropriation increased from $30,- 
ooo to $45,000. 

Card Indexes: Appropriation increased from $46,900 to 
$49,400. 

Library Building and Grounds: The following additional 
position: i lieutenant of watch $1,000. 

Fuel, lights, repairs, etc.: The item made to include the 
following: "including new auto delivery wagon, and all 
incidental expenses in connection with the custody, care, 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 5 

and maintenance of said building and grounds, including 
$1,000 for repairs to roof, $16,000". Decreased from $18,- 
500 to $16,000. 

Library estimates 1919-20: The following positions asked 
for in the estimates for 1919-20 were not granted: 

Law Library: i Stenographer and typewriter Si, 200 

Semitic: i Assistant i, ooo 

Increases cf salary not granted: 

In accordance with a request as expressed in a letter 
dated October 9, 1918, from the Secretary cf the Treasury 
no increases in statutory salaries were submitted with the 
estimates. Subsequently, under date of November 8, 1918, 
the following recommendations for such increases were 
submitted to the Congress by separate letter for its con- 
sideration : 

All positions (42) at $420 to $580 (inclusive) to be increased to. . $600 

All positions (30) at $600 and $720 to be increased to 780 

All positions (74) at $780 to $860 (inclusive) to be increased to. . 900 

All positions (7) at $900 and $920 to be increased to i ) oco 

Certain positions (45) at $960 to be increased to I} ooo 

Certain positions (14) at $960 (Catalogue division) to be increased 

to i, 200 

All positions (32) at $1,000 to $1,100 (inclusive) to be increased to i, 200 

All positions (41) at $1,200 to be increased to I} 4O o 

All positions (19) at $1,400 to be increased to I} 500 

Certain positions (n) at $1,500 to be increased to i, 600 

Certain positions (14) at $1,500, to be increased to i, 800 

All positions (10) at $1,600 to be increased to i ; 800 

Certain positions (n) at $1,800 to be increased to 2,000 

Certain positions (4) at $2,000 to be increased to 2, 200 

Certain positions (3) at $2,000 to be increased to 2, 500 

A total increase of $50,600. 

These increases were not granted but under Section 7 
of the Legislative Act approved March i, 1919, extra com- 
pensation to the amount of $240 per annum was allowed, 
with certain exceptions, for all positions at $2,500 per 
annum and less in the Government service. 

Increase of Library of Congress (purchase of books) : 
$100,000 recommended; $90,000 granted. 



COPYRIGHT: 
Statistics 



1 6 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

COPYRIGHT OFFICE 

The report of the Register of Copyrights appears in full 
as Appendix II, and is also separately printed by the Copy- 
right Office. 

The principal statistics of the business done during the 
year are as follows : 



Fees received and applied 


Fiscal year 
1918-19 


Registrations (Si), including certificates 




Registrations (50 cents), photographs, no certificates 




Registrations (50 cents), renewals 




For copies of record 


680. 50 


For assignments and copies of same 




For notices of user 




For indexing transfers of proprietorship 




For searches 








Total 








Total number of deposits received (material of all classes, including dupli- 
cates) 


188, 409 


Total number of registrations 








Total communications received, including parcels, but excluding deposits 




Total communications sent out (including letters written) 









The fees from copyrights are covered intp the Treasury 
and not applied directly to the maintenance of the Copy- 
right Office. They form a regular revenue of the Govern- 
ment, however, and a net revenue over the direct expenses 
of the office, as appears from the comparison following : 

COPYRIGHT OF- RECEIPTS 

FICE: 

Receipts and ex- Fees covered in during the fiscal year 1918-19, as above. . $113, 118. oo 
penses 

EXPENSES 

Salaries, as stated $i3, 598. 50 

Stationery and sundries i, ooi. 89 

104, 600. 39 



Net cash earnings 8, 517.61 

The above statement includes all disbursements except the 
cost of furniture, cf printing, and of binding, but only cash 
receipts. In addition to cash fees, the copyright business 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 7 

brings each year to the government, in articles deposited, 
property to the value of many thousands of dollars. During 
the past fiscal year 188,409 such articles were received. 
The value of those drawn up into the collections of the 
Library far exceeded the amount of net cash earnings. 

On the loth day of July, 1919, when the report of the 
Copyright Office was submitted, the remittances received 
up to the third mail of the day had been recorded and 
acknowledged; the account books cf the bookkeeping divi- 
sion were written up and posted to June 30, and the accounts 
rendered to the Treasury Department were settled up to 
and including the month of June, while earned fees to June 
30, inclusive, had been paid into the Treasury. All copy- 
right applications received up to and including June 30 had 
been passed upon and refunds made. 

The total unfinished business for the full 22 years from 
July i, 1897, to June 30, 1919, amounts to but $2,166.95 
against a total completed business for the same period of 

$i,979,323-95- 

At the close of business on July 10, 1919, the works 
deposited for copyright registration up to and including 
June 30 had all been recorded, as well as a large part of 
the publications received since that date. 

The Catalogue of Copyright Entries, which since the trans- 
fer of its publication from the Treasury Department to the 
Library of Congress has been issued in four separate parts, 
was continued in five annual volumes properly indexed. 

During the past 22 years the business done by the Office 
was as follows : 

Total number of entries 2, 382, 710 

Total number of articles deposited 4, 212, 942 

Total amount of fees received and applied $i, 979, 323. 95 

Total expenditure for service $i, 720, 023. 03 

Net receipts above expenses for service $ 2 59 3- 9 2 

During the 49 years since the copyright work became a 
business of the Library of Congress the total number of 
entries has been 3,263,566. 



1 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Elimination of Under authority of sections S9 and 60 of the Copyright 

copyright deposits 

act of 1909, 15,189 volumes have been transferred to the 
Library from the deposits in the Copyright Office during the 
fiscal year; 4,598 books have been deposited in govern- 
mental libraries in the District of Columbia, and 17,876 
articles have been, returned to copyright claimants, includ- 
ing 8,141 books, i, 060 prints, 2,100 periodicals, and 6,567 
motion picture films. 

In addition, i ,672 volumes of American poetry and plays 
have been forwarded through the Order Division to Brown 
University, and i ,342 volumes have been transferred into the 
Library War Service collection, 3,014 to be added to 19,787 
making the total number of volumes transferred 22,801. 

INCREASE OF THE LIBRARY: PRINTED MATERIAL * 
(From the report of the Chief of the Order Division, Mr. Koch) 
Contents of the Adopting the count of printed books and pamphlets 

Library June 30, . 

jQis. and June 3 o, made in June, 1902, as accurate, the total contents of the 
Library, inclusive of the Law Library, at the close of the 
past two fiscal years, were as follows : 



Description 


Contents of the Library 


1918 


1919 


Gain 


Books 


2, 614, 523 

1 60, 090 
822, 009 
402, 291 


2, 7 10 , SS 6 

163, 484 
848, 292 
409, 029 


9 6 , 33 

3,394 
26, 283 

6,738 


Manuscripts (a numerical state- 
ment not feasible) 


Maps and. charts (pieces) 


Music (volumes and pieces) 
Prints (pieces) 




Description 


Net Accessions 


1918 


1919 


Printed books and pamphlets . 


76, 601 


96, 033 


Manuscripts (a numerical statemei 
Maps and charts (volumes and pie 
Music (volumes and pieces) 


it not feasible 

ces) 


) 




2,9*3 
24, 888 

4,346 


3,394 
26, 283 
6,738 




Prints (pieces) 





* J^or Manuscripts, Maps, Music, and Prints, see under those headings infra. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



The accessions of books and pamphlets during the 
two years, in detail, classified by source, were as follows: 



KS ana pam- 

PU***, by sources 



How acquired 


1918 


1919 


By purchase - 


15, 993 


33, 304 


Bv eif t 


9, 212 


9, 182 


By transfer from United States Government li- 
braries 


3,809 


2,097 


From the Public Printer by virtue of law 


6, 146 


7,584 


From the American Printing House for the Blind 
By international exchange (from foreign govern- 
ments) 


12 

7,435 


2 

7,832 


Gifts of the United States Government in all its 
branches 


7, 0^9 


3,927 


Gifts from State governments ... 


IT. T.2T. 


12, 638 


Gifts from local governments 


i, 453 


2,355 


Gifts from corporations and associations .... 


485 


598 




a i3, 713 


&I2, <;oq 


By Smithsonian 


i, 923 


1,219 


By exchange (piece for piece) 






By priced exchange 






Library of Congress publications (specially bound) . 
Gain of volumes by separation in binding and by 
binding books and periodicals previously un- 
counted or uncounted in their present form .... 


c 204 
6,675 


82 
7,225 


Total added books, pamphlets, and piece 


83,442 


ioo, 554 


DEDUCTIONS 

By consolidation in binding 


<; 168 


4 171 


By transfer to camp libraries from reserve storage . . 
Duplicates sent in exchange 


i.oS 1 


~ ;o 


Duplicates sent to camp libraries 


622 












6,841 


4,920 


Net accessions 


76, 601 


or 6^A 









This includes 664 volumes added to the reserve collections. 
6 This includes 231 volumes added to the reserve collections. 
c This includes special binding for Order Division. 



20 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

GIFTS : The gifts from unofficial sources aggregated 9, 1 82 volumes 

and pamphlets. 

Mrs. William Dwight Chandler, of Washington, presented 
a copy of Erasmus, "Adagiorum chiliades quatuor," Basle, 
1523- 

Mr. Alfred Fowler, Secretary-Treasurer of the American 
Bookplate Society, presented G. H. Viner's "Descriptive 
catalogue of the bookplates designed and etched by George 
W. Eve," Kansas City, 1916. 

Mr. William Vail Kellen, of Boston, added to his collection 
of early laws already in the Library, "Acts of Parliament, 
I544-" 

Dr. Daniel W. Nead, of Reading, Pennsylvania, presented 
a copy of Fabius Columna, "Phytobasanos," Naples, 1592, 
the first book of Botany with illustrations engraved on cop- 
per; Culpepper's translation of Veslingus' "The Anatomy of 
the Body of man," London, 1677, and Scultetus, "Cheiro- 
plotheke," The Hague, 1656. 

Walter Scott, of New York City, presented an excellent 
copy of the first edition of the Louvain Latin Bible, 1547. 
This edition was sanctioned by the Theological Faculty of 
Louvain, protected by imperial privilege, and (together 
with the second Louvain revision) practically accepted as 
the authorized edition until the publication of the Sixtine 
Bible of 1590. 

Henry Yates Thompson, of London, presented the "Illus- 
trations from one hundred manuscripts in the Library of 
Henry Yates Thompson," 7th and last volume. 

American importing publishers gave 92 imported books 
including 61 from the John Lane company, 24 from the F. 
A. Stokes company, 4 from Funk & Wagnalls company, and 
3 from Longmans, Green and company. 

Five incunabula have been added to the Library : 

PURCHASES: Sancius de Arevalo, Rodericus. [Speculum Vitae Humanae] Begin. 

Incunabula fol. i, recto. Ad sanctissimfl et beatissimum dominu dominti Pau- 

lum secundum pontifice maximu. liber incipit dictus Specula 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 21 

humane trite . . . editus a Rodorico Zamoresi et postea Calagaritano 
hispano. (At end) P. Cesaris & J. Stol. Paris, 1473. Hain 13938; 
Proctor 7888. 

Das andachtig zeytglOcklein des lebes vn leydens Christ! nach den 
xxiiii stunde aussgeteylt. (At end) Gedruckt zu Ulm von Cunrad 
Dinckmut anno 1493. Hain 16280. Proctor 2575. Panzer, p. 200 
no. 350. 

Sjavanarola, Girolamo. Epistola a Contessa della Mirandola. F. i a 
(woodcut) Copia duna epistola la quale manda el uenerabile frate 
Hieronymo da Ferrara ... a Madonna Magdalena Contessa della 
Mirandola, la quale uoleua intrare in monasterio. (Firenze, B. di 
Libri, c. 1495) Hain 14465. Copinger jS. Audin 107. Proctor 
6301. Type 5. 

Boethius. Epitome (J. Fabri Stapulensis) in libros arithmeticos divi 
S. Boetii. [1496] 

Baptista. Mantuanus. Aureu contra impudice scribentes opusculu 
familiariter explicatu. Paris, D. Roce [1499?] Pellechet 1794; not 
in Hain or Proctor. 

In the field of Americana the following titles may be Americana: 
mentioned : 

Burroughs. Peleg. An oration: with some observations, etc. Pro- 
nounced at the Congregational meeting-house, in Tiverton, on the 
22nd day of February, A. D., 1800, at the funeral ceremony on the 
death of General George Washington. Newport: Printed by Henry 
Barber, 1800. 

Da vies, Samuel. Religion and patriotism, the constituents of a good 
soldier. A sermon preached to Captain Overton's Independent 
company of volunteers, raised in Hanover County, Virginia, 
August 17. 1755. Philadelphia, Printed: London, reprinted for 
J. Buckland, J. Ward and T. Field, 1756. 

Decalves, Alonso. pseud. Travels to the westward ... 3d Dover 
ed. [Dover, X. H.] Printed at the Sun-office, for J. Asplund [1797?] 

Dickinson, John. A reply to a piece called The speech of Joseph 
Galloway, esquire. Philadelphia. Printed and sold by William 
Bradford, at his book-store, in Market-street, adjoining the London 
coffee-house. 1764. 

An enquiry into the origin of the Cherokees, in a letter to a member 
of Parliament. Oxford. Printed for J. Fletcher, 1762. 

Hancock. John. An oration; delivered March 5. 1774, to commem- 
orate the bloody tragedy of the fifth of March 1770. Boston, Edes 
&Gill. 1774. 

Howe, John. Journal kept by Mr. John Howe, while he was a 
British spy, during the revolutionary war. . . Concord, N. H., L. 
Roby, printer, 1827. 

An impartial history- of the war in America between Great Britain 
and her colonies. . . London, R. Faulder, 1780. 



22 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The liberty and property of British subjects asserted: in a letter 
from an assembly-man in Carolina, to his friend in London . . . 
London, Printed for J. Roberts, 1726. 

Seaver, James E. A narrative of the life of Mrs. M. Jemison who 
was taken by the Indians, in the year 1755 . . . Carefully taken 
from her own words, Nov. 2gth, 1823. To which is added an appen- 
dix . . . Canandaigua: J. D. Bemisandco., 1824. 

Warren, Joseph. An oration delivered March 5th, 1772. At the 
request of the inhabitants of the town of Boston ; to commemorate 
the bloody tragedy of the 5th of March, 1770. Boston: Printed 
by Edes and Gill, by order of the town of Boston, 1772. 

Wheeler, Alfred. Land titles in San Francisco, and the laws affect- 
ing the same, with a synopsis of all grants and sales of land within 
the limits claimed by the city. San Francisco, Alta California 
steam printing establishment, 1852. 

PURCHASES: j n aeronautics, the following noteworthy titles were 

A eronaulics 

added : 

Castelli, Carlo. II viaggio aereo dell' illustre cavalier milanese 
Don Paolo Andreani esposto ... in una lettera diretta al Sig. 
Faujas de Saint Fond. Milano, Per li fratelli Pirola [1785?] 

Dupuis-Delcourt, Jules Francois, Essai stir la navigation dans 
1'air . . . Paris, Delaunay, 1830. 

This copy contains contemporary manuscript additions, possibly by the author. 

Nouveau manuel complet d 'aerostation ; ou, Guide pour servir, 
a 1 'histoire et a la pratique des ballons. Paris, a la Librairie ency- 
clopedique de Roret, 1850. 

An important work. The plates are very curious. 

Historia de los aeronautas y de los globos aereostaticos, Acompana 
esta historia una descripcion detallada de la ascencion que hizo 
M. Arban en la tarde del dia 19 de setiembre de este afio, en union 
el intrepido Catalan Sr. Munne. Por S. A. S. M. Barcelona, 1847. 

An extremely rare volume. 

MacSweeny, Joseph. An essay on aerial navigation, pointing out 
modes of directing balloons. 2d ed., rev., Cork, 1844. 
Presentation copy with author's autograph. 

Robert, freres. Memoire sur les experiences aerostatiques faites par 
MM. Robert freres. Paris, 1784. 

Vignette showing an oval balloon above the clouds. An extraordinarily rare work. 
Sanson, A. J. L 'aeronautique des gens du monde, direction des aero- 
stats, precedee d'une epitre en vers a feu S. A. R. Mgr. le due 
d 'Orleans. 2. ed. Paris, Ledoyen 1843. 

Solution du probleme de la navigation aerienne. Principes, 

preuves et moyens. Paris, Ledoyen 1850. 

Contains two extremely curious illustrations of an airship. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 23 

Scott, baron. Aerostat dirigeable a volente. A 1'aide de cette ma- 
chine les voyages qu'on entreprendra, quelques grands qu'ilssoient, 
seront termines avec succes. Paris, Chez Maradan, 1789. 

A very" rare volume. The two fine engravings depict remarkable airships, etc. 

Zambeccarri, Francesco, conte. Descrizione della macchina aerostatica 
. . . destinata a tentare il regolamento della medesima per 
l'atmosfera. Bologna, Presso i fratelli Masi e compagno, 1803. 

A rare work . The folding plates give details of a dirigible, the first plates showing 
the balloon. 

Seconda relazione per il felice innalzamento del pallon volante. 

Seguita poco doppo la mezza notte del giorno 7. ottobre, 1803. 
Bologna, Tip. Marsigli ai Celestini, 1803. 

Rapporto sull ' esperienza aereostatica del cittadino Francesco 

Zambeccari, presentato al Consiglio generale del Dipartimento 
del Reno e pubblicato per decreto dello stesso Consiglio del dl 
9. Xovembre, 1804. [Bologna, 1804?] 

From April, 1918 to February, 1919, Mr. Walter T. Oriental^: cu- 

ntse, Japanese, 

Swingle of the U. S. Department of Agriculture was in the Korean and An- 
Far East and while there took advantage of the oppor- 
tunity to add to the Oriental collections of the Library of 
Congress. Some few of his purchases of Chinese books 
were noted in last year's report. In all he secured 1,432 
Oriental works in 16,200 volumes 961 Chinese works in 
13,259 volumes; 435 Japanese in 2,628 volumes; 30 Korean 
in 268 volumes; and 6 Annamite in 45 volumes. The 
Chinese acquisitions amount to nearly a third of the entire 
Chinese collection of the Library of Congress. In addition 
to the works secured in the Far East by Mr. Swingle, several 
hundred volumes were received in exchange, through the 
Document Division of the Library, from the Chinese and 
Japanese governments. 

In the field of Chinese orientalia to which Mr. Swingle 
gave particular attention, the effort was made not merely 
to add to the number of works but rather to build up the 
Library of Congress Chinese collection along the lines of 
Geography, Political Science, Biography, Bibliography, 
Art and Natural Sciences, already richly represented. 
Such considerable additions to its already strong collec- 
tion have resulted in making the Library of Congress 

140387 19 3 



24 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Chinese collection the strongest outside of the Far East 
in several of these fields. 

Perhaps the most notable of Mr. Swingle's achieve- 
ments is the securing of a rich harvest of Chinese geographi- 
cal works. By persistent efforts in the great book markets 
of Canton, Shanghai and Peking, as well as in Japan, 
he was able to almost double the number of works in this 
class. 

Of the official geographical gazetteers, recognized by 
all students of Chinese literature as invaluable in any thor- 
ough study of Chinese industry, art, agriculture, and geog- 
raphy, 413 were secured (2 provincial, 87 prefectural, 
and 324 district) making the total now in the Library of 
Congress Chinese collection 887 (41 provincial, 191 prefect- 
Ural, and 655 district), far more than in any other library 
outside of China and exceeded only by a very few libraries in 
China. In. view of the importance of the Library of Congress 
collection of official gazetteers an attempt was made to 
work out a new and more scientific library classification 
of this material which would provide for all possible future 
growth of the collection and at the same time be conven- 
ient and logical both to Chinese and Western scholars. 
With the help of Mr. K. P. Wang a schedule of the new 
classification was drawn up and the entire collection of 
gazetteers was reclassified. An accurate' check list which 
has been prepared showing all the districts of China, of 
the old Manchu empire as well as of the new Republic, 
will render it easy to prevent duplication in any future 
purchases and also facilitate the preparation of a union 
list of all the gazetteers in the libraries of the United States, 
as well as those of Europe and the Far East. 

Besides the official gazetteers, a large number of un- 
official geographical works were purchased, many of them 
very rare even in China; such, for instance, as the Liang 
chen san kuan t'ung chih, by an anonymous Ming official. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 25 

This is the record of the northern boundaries of China 
and gives account of Mongol and Manchu invasions up to 
the first half of the Sixteenth Century. Possibly because 
of its anti-Manchu tendencies it is not listed in Ch'ien 
Lung's Imperial Catalogue. 

Another rare geographical work is the Ku chin yu ming 
shan chi, a Ming work on famous mountains of China. 
Unfortunately only the last of the three parts were secured, 
but it is a bulky work in 17 books, bound in 24 volumes. 
This collection of notices of famous mountains is arranged 
geographically, and supplements the two editions of the 
Ming shan sheng kai chi, one of which was noticed in the 
Librarian's report for 1917. 

A number of important works relating to the Ming dy- 
nasty were secured. Of these, no fewer than ten were 
published between 1550 and 1600, the critical period immedi- 
ately following the arrival of the Portuguese and Spanish 
in numbers in China. The item of highest importance Ming Dynasty 

,, i , , ,, IT . 7 , works an history 

in this lot is perhaps the Huang ming yung hua hi pu ;;, and Pol{lical econr 

an encyclopedic work dealing with men and events of the omy 

Ming dynasty, and written by Teng Ch'iu, being printed 

in 1577. The work is very rare in China and no copy is 

known in Japan. The copy secured for the Library of 

Congress is bound in one hundred volumes and well printed 

on good white paper. Another work of interest is Wu 

meng ch'iian chi, by Chen Jen-hsi, a literary work giving 

accounts of battles with the Manchus, published in 1633, 

just before the downfall of the Ming dynasty. A number 

of other important works of this class were secured, but 

have not yet been examined critically. 

At the suggestion of Mr. Chang Yiian-chi, the erudite 
and efficient manager of the Commercial Press of Shanghai, 
an attempt was made to secure a complete set of the works 
of the Ming scholar T'ang Shun-chih (T'ang Ching-ch'uan). 



26 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Mmg editions of jjj s collected literary works were secured in Japan, in 

works of famous 

Mmg scholars 8 volumes. In Shanghai the Wen pien, printed during 
the Chia Ching period in 1556, on white paper in 48 
volumes, was secured as well as his Pai pien in 40 volumes 
and his Yu pien in 32 volumes. In Pekin his Tso pien in 
1 20 volumes on white paper was secured as well as his 
Wu pien in 12 volumes (possibly incomplete). All of these 
are Ming editions, except the collected writings which are 
early Ching (K'ang Hsi). These five different pien con- 
stitute one series of works. Another work, his Ching hsuan 
shih chi, a critique of the famous historical record Shih chi 
by Ssu-ma Ch'ien, in 1 2 volumes, was also purchased. It is 
doubtful whether any library outside of China has so com- 
plete a collection in such good condition of the writings 
of this eminent scholar. 

After prolonged search it was possible to find the complete 
literary writings of the famous Ming philosopher, Wang 
Yang-ming, whose writings probably exert more influence 
in China at the present time than those of any other man. 
This copy of the Wang Wen-ch'eng kung ch'uan shu is 
the original Ming edition in excellent state of preserva- 
tion, but lacking five pages, which are supplied in fac- 
simile on Ming paper. This work is bound in 36 volumes, 
in four portfolios. 

Three works of intrinsic value were secured in the original 
editions, so old as to be noteworthy additions to the 
Library of Congress collection of early Chinese printed 
Chinese incu- books. The Sung shih ch'uan wen hsu tzu chih t'ung chien, 
a histor y of the recently fallen Sung dynasty, was written 
and printed during the Yuan dynasty, 1280-1368. In spite 
of its age it is in excellent condition and lacks only a few 
pages, which are supplied in MS., closely imitating the 
original. This work is in 36 books with two appendices 
and is bound in 32 volumes. The Library of Con- 
gress collection contains a few good Sung works, but until 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 27 

now had no representative examples of Yuan dynasty 
printing. This sizeable work is an excellent example of 
the typography, paper, and ink of the period. 

The Shih i te hsiao fang, a medical treatise by Wei I-lin, 
was published during the Yuan dynasty in 1337. The 
Mongol emperors who reigned over China from 1280 to 
1368 frowned on the literary works characteristic of the 
preceding Sung dynasty. Medical and agricultural works 
were, however, permitted. The Shih i te hsiao fang is 
based on the experiences of ~\Yei I-lin and his ancestors 
for five generations. The author worked on it for ten 
years, from 1328-1337. The copy secured seems to be 
the original edition of 1337, and it is in excellent 
condition. It is bound in the best Peking style, in 24 
volumes and in four silk cases. This work and the Sung 
shih ch'tian litn are excellent examples of the printer's 
art of the Yuan dynasty. 

The Hsing li fa ch'iian shit is a collection of the writings 
of 120 of the principal Chinese philosophers of Chu Hsi's 
school. A good copy of the original Imperial edition, 
beautifully printed in large characters on good white 
paper by order of the third Ming Emperor Yung Loh, in 
1415, was secured, in 30 volumes. 

Several works on natural history were secured, among 
them one of first importance the second edition of the 
famous herbal, Pents'ao kangmu, by Li Shih-chen, publish- 
ed in 1603. This herbal, well known to all western Xatuni hist.-** 
students of Chinese scientific literature, is common enough 
in the later editions, but the first and second editions are very 
difficult to obtain. The Library was fortunate enough 
to secure this copy of the second edition through the good 
offices of Prof. M. Shirai of the Tokyo Imperial University, 
himself the fortunate owner of the very rare first edition, 
which was published in 1592. 



28 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

A noteworthy work in the field of art in which t'.is Library 
of Congress is already rich, is the Yu ting li tai t'i hua shih 

AH works lei, a. beautifully printed work compiled by order of the 
Emperor K'ang Hsi, giving poetical inscriptions written 
on Chinese paintings of all ages. The set secured for the 
Library of Congress is bound in 24 volumes, included in 
four silk cases. 

The Chieh tsu yuan hua fu, a famous treatise on art 
giving rules and precepts for the conventional styles of 
paintings, was secured in the second edition, made by 
order of K'ang Hsi. The numerous later reprints are far 
inferior to this early impression of the second edition. 
It is almost impossible to find the original edition in a 
complete state. This work contains many colored plates 
and has exerted great influence on Chinese and Japanese 
art since the time of K'ang Hsi. 

Donations The ojfj scholars of China evinced much interest in the 

Chinese collection of the Library of Congress. Several 
of them gave liberally of their time to help Mr. Swingle 
in finding rare or valuable works in the book markets and 
many of them demonstrated their sympathetic interest 
in the rapidly growing Chinese collection at Washington 
by substantial donations. In all, some ten scholars, among 
them some of the most famous now living in China, made 
gifts, amounting in all to 35 works in 710 volumes. 

Only a few of the more noteworthy acquisitions have 
been mentioned, as the work of classifying, indexing, and 
cataloguing so large a collection of Chinese books has 
taken so much time that in many cases only a cursory 
examination has yet been given the new purchases. 

Japanese books Purchases of Japanese books were largely restricted to a 
few special fields pending the completion of a check list 
of the large collection secured some years ago by Prof. 
Asakawa. First importance was given to the works of 
the leaders of thought in Japan during the Tokugawa 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 29 

period, during which the solid foundations were laid for 
the wonderful progress shown by Japan since the beginning 
of the Meiji era. With Prof. Inouye's studies on Japanese 
philosophy as a guide, the works of ten of the leading pre- 
Meiji Japanese philosophers were purchased whenever 
they could be found. In all several hundred works were 
secured. Particular attention was given to completing 
the already large collection of the works of Kaibara Ekken, 
a voluminous writer on a great range of subjects, the 
Benjamin Franklin of his country. Many more of his 
works were secured, among them one very rare series on 
the scenery of Japan, not included in the recently printed 
collection of Kaibara's works. An autograph letter of 
this famous man was also obtained. Besides the works 
of philosophers of the Tokugawa period, a number of 
works were purchased on Flower Arrangement (ikebana), 
and the Tea Ceremony (chanoyu), two of the arts peculiar 
to Japan, and still almost universally practiced and esteemed. 
Some of the most characteristic works of new Japan were 
secured, along with the large number of the most valued 
books of old Japan. 

Perhaps the most conspicuous achievement of modern J c P<* ese * 

n ical periodicals 

Japan is in the number and value of its scientific, artistic, 
historical and economic journals. Noteworthy progress was 
made by Mr. Swingle in buying complete sets of the more 
important of these and in completing sets already in the 
Library of Congress. 

Old Korean books differ strikingly from contemporary Korean books 
Chinese and Japanese works. They are larger, printed in 
large characters, and on very tough and durable paper. 
Most early Korean books are reprints of Chinese works, 
though native works of undoubted interest and value 
are not lacking. Because of their extremely durable 
character, Korean reprints have sometimes preserved 



36 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Chinese works lost in China. A small number of these 
Korean works filter into the Japanese secondhand book 
market perhaps only a few score each year. An effort 
was made to purchase the more interesting books to be 
found in Tokyo and Kyoto and in all some 30 works in 
268 volumes were secured. Some of them were recently 
printed, but many of them are early editions and some are 
examples of early printing with moveable copper type 
(invented in Korea about 1400 A. D. and first used on a 
large scale in 1407). 

A copy of the modern reprint (now out of print) of 
Moon-hun pi go, "a gazetteer and encyclopedia of things 
Korean," considered by Prof. James S. Gale to be indis- 
pensable in any Korean library, was secured. A biograph- 
ical work on eminent Chinese scholars and officers of the 
Sung dynasty, and a number of other interesting works were 
also purchased, among them several dictionaries, including 
one in manuscript, dated 1527. 

works In 1 91 8 the Library of Congress received as a gift from the 
Director of the Ecole francaise d' Extreme-orient at Hanoi, 
several valuable works published in Chinese, formerly the 
official language of the native government of Annam. 
Two of these were beautifully printed especially for the 
Library of Congress on good paper from the original wooden 
blocks, preserved in the palace of the Annamite government 
at Hanoi. One of these, Klmm-Dinh Viet-su Cuong-muc, 
is a history of Tonkin; the other Dai-nam-Nhut-Thong-chi, 
a gazetteer of Annam, analagous to the Chinese provincial 
gazetteers. 

Beside these two larger works, there are included in the 
gift two copies of the Kim-Van-Kien, which is considered 
to be the chief work in native Annamite literature. It is a 
poem or rather a versified novel, of which every Annamite 
knows at least a few passages by heart. It was writtten by 
NgyCn-van-vmh, Vice-Minister of Rites, during the reign 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 31 

of the Emperor Gia-long (1800-1820 A. D.). One copy is 
in Chinese characters used phonetically, a form of writing 
called chu-nom; the other is in standard romanization, 
quoc-ngu. Two other small works, both biographical, in 
quoc-ngu, are also included in the gift from the Director of 
the Ecole francaise d' Extreme-orient at Hanoi. 

DIVISION* OF MANUSCRIPTS 
(From the report of the Acting Chief. Mr. Moore) 

Dr. Gaillard Hunt, Chief of the Division of Manuscripts 
has been absent during the past year, being occupied at the 
Department of State with activities connected with the war. 
The division has benefited by his advice and assistance. 
Also, the division is indebted to its former chief, Dr. Worth- 
ington C. Ford, for continued interest, resulting in valuable 
suggestions as to acquisitions. 

During the year the division has been used by members 
of the faculty or historical students of Harvard, Yale, 
Columbia, Brown, Swarthmore, St. Louis, Woodstock, 
Goucher, Delaware, Michigan, Illinois, Chicago, Muhlen- 
berg, Haverford, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, George Wash- 
ington ; and also by officers working on the history of the 
war, and by many private investigators. The papers 
called for show an increasing interest in Central and South 
American history, and in the history of Spanish control in 
America. Notwithstanding war conditions, it appears that 
a considerable number of books on historical subjects are in 
preparation. 

The Manuscript Division has, in either originals or letter- 
press copies, about 90 per cent of the writings of Washington 
and Jefferson, and by purchase and gift is constantly 
acquiring items included in the remainder. The papers of 
John Adams and John Quincy Adams are in the possession 
of the Adams family; the major portion of the Millard 
Fillmore papers is with the Buffalo Historical Society ; and 



32 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

the James Buchanan collection is with the Pennsylvania 
Historical Society; but the Library of Congress has im- 
portant portions of the correspondence of every President 
of the United States, and is constantly adding to such col- 
lections. During the past year the Presidential collections 
have been substantially increased. 

Tyler pa^rs The Library has purchased the papers of President John 
Tyler, and to this collection Dr. Lyon Gardiner Tyler, 
President of William and Mary College, has added by 
gifts many family papers written by or to his father. The 
papers as received were in six volumes, containing about 
450 autograph signed letters of John Tyler, dating from 
1813 to 1 86 1. These were the basis of the published vol- 
umes, "Letters and Times of the Tylers", by L. G. Tyler. 
Two of the volumes form a rich autograph collection of 
Virginia letters, dealing with national and state politics. 
The letters and papers of William and Mary College date 
from colonial times. There are letters from each gover- 
nor of Virginia, members of the Cabinet, and soldiers, law- 
yers, and politicians of national prominence. Many of 
Tyler's own letters are to his brother-in-law, Dr. Henry 
Curtis, and are free discussions of the politics of the time. 
The letter of 1841 to Littleton W. Tazewell, outlining 
Tyler's concept of The United States Bank, is among these 
papers, as is also a portion of an autobiography. 
Buchanan- Miss May S. Kennedy, of Baltimore, Maryland, cousin 

Johnston papers 

and literary executor of Mrs. Harriet Lane Johnston, has 
given to the Library more than one hundred full autograph 
letters, written by James Buchanan to his niece, Harriet 
Lane, afterward Mrs. Johnston, during the years from 1842 
to 1868. While the majority of these letters have been used 
by John Bassett Moore, in his Works of James Buchanan, 
the written descriptions of political and social life in Wash- 
ington and London, the accounts of the unnecessary and 
embarrassing troubles created for American diplomats in 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 33 

court circles by rules of etiquette formulated in this dem- 
ocratic land, have a flavor all their own. Harriet Lane's 
description of the entertainment of the Prince of Wales at 
the White House in 1860 is detailed and diverting. There 
are many letters to Mrs. Johnston from both intimate 
women friends and men in public life John A. Dix, George 
B. McClellan, Horatio King, Jeremiah S. Black, Lord 
Lyons, Richard Cobden, Lady Fane, Lady Chantry, the 
Duchess of Somerset and Baron Grabow. These letters 
throw light on a politico-social career unsurpassed in bril- 
liancy in this country. The collection contains 35 letters 
from Simon Cameron, then a rising Pennsylvania politi- 
cian; letters from George Plitt, John W. Forney, David 
Lynch, and Stephen Pleasonton, in regard to national and 
and state politics. The Library is much indebted to Miss 
Kennedy for her generous gift. 

Another gift of high importance, as yet anonymous as to 
both giver and subject, awaits acknowledgment in a later 
report. 

Theodore Roosevelt, in 1917, deposited in the Library 
of Congress all his public papers, and the collection has 
been added to from time to time, so that it stands today as 
complete as may be. Letters of which no copy was kept, 
and purely personal letters, will naturally come to the 
Library occasionally, through gift or purchase; but the 
great body of his correspondence, wide in range of sub- 
jects, fresh and spontaneous in expression and enforced by 
convictions which were the growth of a lifetime, belongs 
to the people whom he served. Mr. Joseph Bucklin Bishop, 
President Roosevelt's literary executor, is working with 
the papers at the present time, and they are not yet acces 
sible to students except by special arrangement. 

William H. Taft has complied with the request of the 
Library to deposit his entire accumulation of correspon- 
dence on public affairs. The collection is very large indeed, 



34 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

^embracing a quantity of Philippines material, in addition 
to the Presidential correspondence. Explorations into the 
mass of papers (now in process of arrangement) prove the 
richness of the collection and indicate its high value to 
students of American history and institutions, when the 
time conies to open it to investigators. 

The right of an official to his personal correspondence, even 
on matters of public concern, has not been questioned. 
It is these communications, however, which form the basis 
of history, because they account for and explain public 
acts. The Government at first made no provision for 
collecting and making accessible such materials; and a very 
large sum, in the aggregate, has been paid for papers, Pres- 
idential and otherwise, that would have been deposited 
freely had systematic provision been made for handling 
them. The papers of several of the Presidents are still 
in the hands of individuals, whereas they should be in the 
Library of Congress. This for many conclusive reasons, 
one of which is the reputation and fame of the particular 
President, both of which suffer from the neglect of histo- 
rians who lack available materials. The example set by 
Presidents Roosevelt and Taft, it is hoped, will become a 
governing precedent. 

Colonial records The Library by purchase added to its Colonial collections 
three volumes of the original records of the Commissioners 
of Trade and Plantations : 

Journal 1 of the Council for Plantations, from ye 3d of 

August 1 670 to ye 20 th of September 1 672 ; as also 

of the Council for Trade & Plantacons from ye 13 th 

of October 1672 to ye 22 th of Dec. ber 1674. 

Journal of Trade & Plantacons. From ye 3i st of 

March 1677 to ye 14* of April 1679. 
Minutes of ye Committee for Trade & Plantacons. 
From ye 13 of Jan. 1 ^ 1684/5 to ye 8 th of Dec. ber 1686. 
The Library already had Attorney General West's Plan- 
tation Reports, 1682-1724; William Blathwayt's Journal of 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 35 

all that passes in the Office of Trade & Plantations, 1682- 
1688; and Blath wayt's officially compiled Collection of all 
letters patent, etc., from 1497 to 1706. 

The first mentioned Journal of the Council for Plantations 
bears on the side of the front cover this title, written in ink 
in large letters : 

Journal of the Council for Plantations from y 6 3 d of August 1670, To y 6 
20 th of September 1672. As also Of the Council for Trade & Plantacons 
From y* 13 th : of October 1672 To y* 22 th of Dec. ter Kfc 

This is the original journal of the "Speciall and Select 
Counsill," created in 1670 to take charge of the colonies, 
to inform themselves of their present state, their trade, 
system of defence and government, and to report to the King, 
so that such orders should be given as might best conduce to 
the "Safety and Flourishing of those our Dominions''; and 
also of the proceedings of its successor the Council for Trade 
and Plantations established in 1672, as Evelyn states "to ad- 
vise and council his majesty * * for the well-govern- 
ing of his Foreign Plantations, etc., form very little differing 
from that given to the Privy Council." Prof. George Louis 
Beer (The Old Colonial System) says that "the Council for 
Plantations and its enlarged successor had together a joint 
life of somewhat over four years, during which short period 
they greatly improved the entire system of imperial control. 
They held formal meetings on an average of at least twice a 
week, and in addition considerable work was done by its 
members on committees or as individuals. " 

Probably this Journal is the one referred to by Dr. Charles 
M. Andrews as having been missing for two centuries. Dr. 
Andrews in his monograph on British Committees, Com- 
missions and Councils of Trade and Plantations, 1622-1675, 
has reconstructed its heads of business from other sources; 
but naturally the reconstruction is partial and also is without 
the flavor of the original. The pages are well written and 
are in perfect condition. The binding is of later date. In 



36 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

such case, the acquisition, besides being in itself of great in- 
terest, permits historical scholars to write with certainty 
where before they were conjectural. 

It is the purpose of the Library to proceed to fill the gaps 
in these records by transcripts, so that students may find in 
this one place the entire proceedings of these governing 
boards. 

To the Colonial collections have been added also three 
royal folio volumes, entitled "An in tire Collection of all Let- 
ters Patents, Commissions &c. granted in relation to Foreign 
Trades, Discoveries & Plantaons, especially in America," 
from 1497 to 1706. These copies were made by direction of 
William Blathwayt, for the official use of the British Com- 
missioners of Trade and Plantations. The first document is 
the patent from Henry VII to John Cabot and his three sons 
for the discovery of unknown lands, 1497, February 3; 
and the last is a letter from the Lord High Treasurer to the 
Governor of Barbadoes, dated April 22, 1706. 
Mazzei With the assistance of Hon. William J. Grace, United 
States Consul at Leghorn, Italy, the Library purchased the 
papers (33 pieces) of the Italian physician, Philip Mazzei, 
who came to Virginia in 1 773 to introduce the cultivation of 
the grape and olive, and became a friend of Jefferson. There 
are letters from Presidents John Adams, Jefferson and 
Monroe; also letters of Lafayette, Edmund Randolph and 
John Blair. One of the Adams letters is an autograph, 
signed, eight pages in length. There is also a memorial to the 
Virginia Assembly from John Page, Richard Taliaferro, 
Warner Lewis, and others, praying relief in the matter of 
Virginia loan office certificates; a letter from Sebastiano 
Conterzani, respecting the American Philosophical Society; 
drafts of Mazzei's letters; and David Humphreys' presenta- 
tion copy of his Poem addressed to the Armies of the United 
States of America (1785 reprint). The papers date from 
1773 to 1817. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 37 

At the sale of the Rodney and other papers, toward the Kodney papers 
close of this fiscal year, the Library obtained a group of 
manuscripts and broadsides of more than ordinary historical 
interest and value. From the Rodney papers themselves 
was secured a small group of Caesar and Caesar A. Rodney 
manuscripts, 36 in number and dating from 1774 to 1817, 
and the diary of Colonel Thomas Rodney, 1776-1777, Dec. 
i -Jan. 28, which covers the Trenton-Princeton campaign 
and is one of the few contemporary original sources extant 
of that important period. 

Of the single unrelated manuscripts obtained, mention 
should be made of Jefferson's memorandum book, dating 
from 1776 to 1820; General Charles Lee's Orderly Book, 
1776, Jan. 26-Nov. 17, covering his command at New York 
and in the Southern Department; Captain Nathaniel 
Pendleton's Orderly Book, 1781-2, Apr. 8-Jan. 2, which is 
practically General Xathanael Greene's Orderly Book in the 
Carolina campaign, as Pendleton was Greene's aide-de- 
camp. The book covers Hobkirk Hill and Eutaw Springs, 
and makes note of Sumter's and Marion's exploits. 

A group of Continental Congress broadsides, ranging in 
date from 1776 to 1788, and a number of interesting 
Massachusetts and Pennsylvania imprints were obtained, all 
of which are listed in detail in the appendix of accessions. 

The official record copies of Earl Macartney's letters (400 Earl 
in number) were purchased. He was a captain-general and 
governor of the Caribbee Islands. The letters, dating from 
February, 1777, to June, 1779, were written to the British 
admirals operating in the waters of the West Indies, offi 
cers of the land forces, officials in England and French gov 
ernors in the West Indies. The correspondence reveals con 
ditions in that portion of the world during the Revolution. 

The Library is indebted to Maurice Delariie de Beau- Beau 
marchais, Conseiller d'Ambassade, Bureau des Affaires^' 



3 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

trangeres of France, for 46 drafts of the Continental Con- 
gress, June 15, 1779, on Benjamin Franklin, in favor of 
Pierre Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais, the distinguished 
ancestor of M. de Beaumarchais. Such gifts are very 
highly appreciated. 

Colonel J hn R - M. Taylor, U. S. A., Librarian of the 
Army War College, gave to the Library letters of Commo- 
dore John Rodgers, dating from 1804 to 1838. The letters 
deal with matters of naval administration ; the construction 
of ships, some of them famous fighting frigates; the re- 
organization of the Navy Department; operations of the 
United States fleet in the Mediterranean; the Greek revo- 
lution in 1826; the revolt, that year, of the Janizaries in 
Constantinople; the construction of the Delaware break- 
water; and the Decatur-Barron duel. There are a goodly 
number of drafts of the Commodore's letters in the collec- 
tion, and among the writers of letters to him may be men- 
tioned such names as Isaac Hull, Isaac Chauncey, Jacob 
Jones, J. K. Paulding, David Porter, Samuel L. Southard, 
Samuel Smith, Robert Smith, Benjamin Stoddert, Thomas 
Tingey, William Bainbridge, Charles Morris, James Barren, 
Charles Stewart, John B. Nicholson, and Anthony Gale. 
Da-vidBaiiHe Mrs. George K. McGaw, of Baltimore, Maryland, has 
given a large collection of letters, scientific papers, and 
memoranda accumulated by David Baillie Warden, the 
American consul-general in Paris for forty years. Warden 
was born in the North of Ireland in 1778; he was educated 
for the Presbyterian ministry, but participation in Irish 
political troubles led to his forced departure for America. 
Here he studied medicine in New York, and in 1804 he was 
appointed Secretary of the American Legation in France, 
subsequently becoming consul-general. He was a thor- 
ough American and did much to make the resources and 
advantages of this country known throughout Europe. 
His scientific attainments led to his election to the French 
Academy; his judgment in books was shown by the col- 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 39 

lection of two libraries, one acquired by Harvard in 1823 
and the other by the New York State Library in 1840. 
Withal, he was fond of social life in both Washington and 
Paris. Consequently the manuscript collection contains 
letters from men and women of prominence as scientists, 
statesmen, artists, and writers. Much of the correspond- 
ence is in French. Men of science, having become aware 
of the collection, are consulting it. The gift is highly ap- 
preciated and is sure to be increasingly useful. 

The large importing merchants of the Virginia tidewater Economic Ut- 

tory 

and Chesapeake Bay region played a most important part 
in the economic history of the South, from Colonial times 
down through the "War of 1812 and later. During the 
past year the Library added to its economic source mate- 
rial the papers of John Lloyd, an Alexandria, Virginia, Joln Uoyd P F 
merchant and importer, whose business reached from 
Liverpool, Birmingham and London and Cadiz to Xew 
York, Ohio, and North Carolina. The papers, dating 
from 1806 to 1867, are about 5,000 in number and comprise 
the usual invoices, letters, bills of lading, checks, and receipts- 
There is much material of the Embargo period and on the 
state of commerce before, during and after the War of 
1812. Lloyd's bank book of his account with the L'nion 
Bank of Alexandria shows the existence of business of 
$70,000 for the year 1814, and averaging 8400,000 a year 
from 1815 to 1820. Among the correspondence are six 
business letters from Robert E. Lee, written during the 
3o's. 

The Willie P. Mangum Papers, numbering: about 2,000 Wiuie p - - u<m - 

ffum papers 

pieces and dating from 1810 to 1861, were purchased. 
They are source material of value to an understanding of 
the old Whig party in the South, and deal principally with 
national and local politics. Most of Mangum 's own letters 
are to his wife. Elected to Congress in 1823, his career 
from then on was one of almost continuous public service 

140387 



40 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

in the House, in the Senate (of which body he was elected 
President pro tempore), and on the North Carolina bench. 
The names of his correspondents include nearly every 
person of prominence in the South from 1820 to the period 
of the Mexican War. There are letters from John F. 
Brevard, Louis McLane, B. Yancey, Nathaniel Macon, 
James Iredell, Thomas Ewing, John Tyler, F.'W. Pickens, 
Samuel Smith, Daniel Webster, John Branch, John Bell, 
R. P. Letcher, J. J. Crittenden, Duff Green, Wm. C. Pres- 
ton, Henry Clay, Reverdy Johnson, Henry A. Wise, John 
M. Clayton, Thurlow Weed, J. Watson Webb, Nathan 
Sargent, and General Winfield Scott. 



John Randolph f^g Library has purchased the miscellaneous papers of 

papers 

John Randolph of Roanoke, 48 in number, almost all of 
which are letters written by Randolph to John Randolph 
Clay and Mrs. Clay, from 1814 to 1834. With the papers 
is the letter-book of the American Legation in Russia 
while Clay was Secretary from September to December, 
1830. Randolph's health having forced him to leave 
Russia almost immediately after his advent, the work on 
a treaty establishing maritime rights fell upon Clay. Ran- 
dolph lingered in London until the autumn of 1831, and 
half of his letters to Clay fall within that period. Clay's 
diaries for 1830-31 are in the collection. 
John Porter The letters of General John Porter Hatch about 135 

Hatch papers 

pieces, dating from 1845 to 1863 were purchased. 
General Hatch graduated from West Point in 1845, and 
saw active service immediately on the Texas border. His 
letters, written to his sister and father, are descriptive 
narratives of events. The first sixteen cover the period of 
his Mexican War service and are both interesting and 
historically valuable. In 1849, Captain Hatch marched 
from Kansas to Oregon. From 1850 to 1855 he was on 
post duty in Pennsylvania and Ohio; and in 1856-1859 
was again on the frontier, in hard Indian campaigns, 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 41 

which carried him from Kansas to the Rio Grande and 
into New Mexico. In 1859, Brigadier General Hatch 
commanded a cavalry brigade at Annapolis, Maryland. 
The letters during 1861 give a picture of conditions in 
the southwest during the first year of the Civil War. His 
letters 20 in number from the field, during the cam- 
paign of 1862, in Virginia, are unusually good descriptive 
records of military events. Severely wounded at South 
Mountain, the nine remaining letters, from February to 
April, 1863, written from Washington, D. C., are mainly 
of a personal nature, with only an occasional comment 
on passing events. 

The papers of Judge John C. Underwood, numbering - Inhn c - 

wood papers 

140 pieces and dating from 1856 to 1875, were purchased. 
Judge Underwood, a friend of Abraham Lincoln, was one 
of the founders of the Republican Party. To him, as 
United States Judge of the Eastern District of Virginia 
during and after the Civil War, came the original petition 
for the Jefferson Davis writ of habeas corpus. The peti- 
tion is among the papers. The correspondence includes 
letters from Seward, Sumner, Gerrit Smith, E- D. Morgan, 
Wendell Phillips, Benjamin F. Butler, Henry Wise and 
Horace Greeley. Three letters from W. W. Gett deal with 
the formation of Lincoln's Cabinet. Twenty letters to 
Alice Underwood ten from Harriet Beecher Stowe form 
a portion of the collection. 

A small but rich addition to the John Sherman papers Jokn Shermo * 

J v * papers 

was made during the year by Mrs. Mary Sherman 
McCallum, consisting of about 250 letters and documents, 
dating from 1856 to 1898, of high autographic and historical 
interest, together with scrap-books of news clippings and 
portraits. Among the documents are Sherman's commis- 
sion as Secretary of the Treasury in 1877 and the address of 
the Treasury Department officials when he resigned in 1881. 
Particularly interesting is the correspondence between 



42 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

President McKinley and Secretary Sherman. Other letters 
are from Abraham Lincoln, Charles Sumner, Levi P. Morton, 
Thurlow Weed, Simon Cameron, Thad. Stevens, James A. 
Garfield, Hamilton Fish, Thomas B. Reed and Cyrus W. 
Field. 
Senate Park The correspondence of the so-called Senate Park Commis- 

Commission corre- , 

spondence sion of 1901, made up of Daniel H. Burnham of Chicago, 

Charles F. McKim of New York City, Augustus Saint- 
Gaudens of Windsor, Vermont, and Frederick Law Olmsted 
of Brookline, Massachusetts, relating to the preparation of 
a plan for the park system of the District of Columbia in 
1901-2, together with the letters of Mr. McKim in regard 
to the restoration of the White House in 1902-3, have been 
given to the Library. The correspondence covers also the 
period from 1902 to the establishment of the Commission 
of Fine Arts by Congress in 1912. The letters, about 750 
in number, show the relations of the members of the com- 
mission to Presidents Roosevelt and Taft, to Secretaries 
Hay and Root, and to the Senate Committee on the 
District of Columbia. They also throw much light on 
the controversies that arose over the various features of 
the new plan for Washington. 

whitman pa- Mr. Thomas B. Hanied, of Philadelphia, added to his 
important Walt Whitman deposit 24 volumes of Whit- 
man notebooks, 1855-1863; and 72 letters from Anne Gil- 
christ to Whitman, 1871-1885; with a few drafts of Whit- 
man's replies. The Whitman collection is not yet open 
to investigators. 

/. A. Coles 

gifts Dr. J. Ackerman Coles, of New York City, has added 

materially to the Library's important Christopher Colum- 
bus collection by the gift of a contract, signed with the 
sign-manuals of Ferdinand and Isabella, for the purchase 
of the town and fortress of Lumbier, in Navarre, dated in 
1486. Dr. Coles has also given a commission signed by 
Queen Victoria and Palmerston; and Robert R. Livings- 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 43 

ton's letter of recall, signed by President Jefferson and 
Secretary Madison, addressed to the First Consul of the 
French Republic, dated April 18, 1803. The Library is 
grateful for these gifts. 

Mr. John Erskine, Chairman of the Army Educational Autographs of 

great generals 

Commission of the Young Men's Christian Association, sent 
to the Library the autograph messages of welcome to the 
American troops on their arrival in France, from President 
Poincare, Marshal Foch, Marshal Joffre, and General 
Petain, June, 1918. The Library is indebted to Mr. Erskine 
for his thought and courtesy. General Pershing was so 
kind as to complete this collection by writing out and sign- 
ing for the Library his statement offering to Marshal Foch 
the entire strength of the American Expeditionary Forces 
in France, to use as he might see fit to stop the last great 
German offensive in March, 1918. 

Transcripts from foreign archives of documents relating foreign *"**- 

cripts 

to the colonial history of the L'nited States continue to be 
received from England, France, and Spain, in accordance 
with the project outlined in the Annual Report for 1915. 
The copying in France, temporarily discontinued on account 
of the removal of the archives from Paris during the German 
drive of 1918, has been resumed. 

The Division of Manuscripts has become the gathering 
place for the materials which students of history are using 
daily in their work. The working facilities are good per- 
haps as good as any in the country; and the object of those 
connected with the division is to facilitate the work of 
students. 

The Division of Manuscripts invites collections of papers 
made by collectors or existing in families, provided the 
papers have historic value, using the term in its widest 
sense. In the case of persons of national prominence in 
politics, science, literature or art, no document is too trivial 
to be included in a collection. At least, the decision as to 



44 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

importance may be left to the experts of the division. It 
is the custom to receive entire collections and, after examina- 
tion, to return papers of strictly personal or family character. 

One consideration found to have weight with prospective 
depositors is the desire that the papers of their ancestors 
shall be accessible, in order that the part played by their 
forebears in making the history of the country may not be 
lost sight of, ignored, or misunderstood. This patriotic 
motive has also a personal side that is entirely worthy. To 
be able to refer one's descendants to the records of distin- 
guished ancestors, preserved for inspection and use in the 
Library of the Nation, is a powerful incentive to the deposit 
of the materials out of which history is made. 

The records of the division show that during the year 
197 groups of manuscripts have been submitted for pur- 
chase. All have been examined and passed upon. Over 
900 letters and reports have been written on archival 
methods, the repair of manuscripts, and inquiries embrac- 
ing every phase of American history. 

The division has arranged and maintained exhibitions 
of materials interesting to visitors to the Library. 

Repair -work f^e repair and binding of manuscripts has made satis- 
factory progress, and over two hundred volumes have been 
placed upon the shelves during the year. 

Some of these groups were collections of secondary im- 
portance, and the scarcity of dependable leather induced 
the experiment of full buckram binding, with only the title 
panels in leather. 

During the year a beginning was made in the repair and 
binding of the Jefferson Papers, which for years have been 
folded and crushed into small volumes, with disastrous 
results to these valuable manuscripts. From the begin- 
ning through the year 1801, they are now in the hands of 
the repairers, and the number of folios so far is over 20,000. 
This is about one-third of the entire collection. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 

DIVISION* OF DOCUMENTS 



45 



(From the report of the Chief, Dr. Harris) 

During the fiscal year ending June 30, 1919, the acces- 
sions to the Library through the Division of Documents, 
were as follows: 



DOCTTMEXTE: 



How acquired 


Volumes 


Pam- 


Total 


Received by virtue of lavr 
Gilts of the Government of the United 
States in all its brandies 


2,965 
I, ine 


4,619 


7,584 

3* O27 


Gifts of State go vernrrents ... 


2, QQ2 


9, 646 


12, 638 


Gifts of local governments 


I, ICO 


i, 106 


2 > 355 


Gifts of foreign governments (international 


3. 2OQ 


*. r> - 1 




Gifts of coroorations and associations 


- - : 




. s 


Bv transfer. . . 


i. " ; 


I. OOJ. 


2.007 



Total received 


12, 608 


2-1, \^^ 


3", O?I 


By purchase, exchange, deposit, and trans- 
fer (counted in Order Division) 


I OI? 


I A"Q 


"* -!* ^ 


By binding periodicals 














* J 


Total handled 


15. O62 


2::.8o* 


40 So; 











In addition to the above, 2,083 rnaps and charts have 
been received by official donation. 

The total number of volumes and pamphlets dealt with 
during the year was 40,865, as compared with 38,218 for 
the preceding year. Many of the foreign countries still 
had their war-time regulations for the conservation of 
material and labor in force during the first six months 
of 1919, as well as in the last six months of 1918, and 
this, together with transportation difficulties, has been 
largely responsible for the smaller number of accessions 
during 1918-1919 as compared with the pre-war period. 
The Di\-ision of Documents, like other departments of the 



46 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Library, has also been seriously handicapped by the large 
number of changes in the staff during the year; the call 
for military service was answered by Mr. R. L. Peters and 
Mr. A. Chew, while another member of the staff left to 
join one of the special war services. In spite of these 
difficulties, a slight increase in the accessions of the divi- 
sion can now be reported and, with the return to more 
normal conditions, it is hoped that further improvements 
can be secured in the coming year. 

A number of official publications of enemy countries 
were secured by purchase during the war period and proved 
to be of considerable value to the officials of the various 
war services in Washington. Certain of the allied govern- 
ments, especially Great Britain and France, published dur- 
ing the war a number of documents of a semi-confidential 
nature, which were deposited with the Library under 
the stipulation that they should be used only by properly 
accredited officials of the Federal Government. These 
publications proved to be of the greatest value to the 
staffs of the various war services and enabled the Library 
to render material assistance to these services. As soon 
as these publications are released for general use, they 
will form an important record of events and conditions 
during the war period. 

During the year special want lists have been made up 
relating to Argentina (6), Australia (2), Bolivia, Brazil, 
British Columbia, British Guiana, Canada (9), Cape of 
Good Hope (2), Ceylon, Chili (2), China, Colombia (5), 
Costa Rica, Cuba (3), Denmark (2), France (24), Great 
Britain (6), Grenada, Honduras, India (5), Italy (4), 
Jamaica, Liberia, Malta, Manitoba, Mauritius, Mexico, 
Natal, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, New South Wales 
(2), Norway, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Orange River Colony, 
Prince Edward Island, Peru (3), Portugal, Quebec, Queens- 
land, Salvador, Spain (2), Straits Settlements, Transvaal, 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 47 

San Marino, Sao Paulo (2), Saskatchewan, Serbia, Sweden 
(2), Switzerland (3), Tasmania, Union of South Africa (3), 
Uruguay (2), Victoria, Western Africa, Western Australia. 
In addition to the above, want lists were sent out to a 
large number of city officials in the United States. 

Besides the regular consignments from the ninety one 
governments on the regular international exchange list, the 
following shipments were received in response to special 
requests: Alberta, 30 volumes and pamphlets; Argentina, 
7 volumes; Australia, 38 volumes and pamphlets; British 
Columbia, 47 volumes and pamphlets; British Guiana, 4 
volumes and pamphlets; Canada, 96 pamphlets and 14 
posters; Chile, 29 volumes; China, 581 volumes; France, 32 
volumes; Greece, 46 volumes and pamphlets; India, 19 
volumes: International (Y. M. C. A.), 30 volumes and pam- 
phlets; Italy, 31 volumes and pamphlets; Jamaica, 19 vol- 
umes and pamphlets; Japan, 185 volumes and pamphlets; 
Newfoundland, 26 volumes and pamphlets; New South 
Wales, 13 volumes and pamphlets; Nova Scotia, 61 volumes 
'and pamphlets; Peru, 30 volumes and pamphlets; Prince 
Edward Island, 8 volumes and pamphlets; Rio de Janeiro 
(State), 37 volumes and pamphlets; Salvador, 4 volumes; 
Saskatchewan, 46 volumes and pamphlets; Sweden, 179 
volumes and pamphlets; Venezuela, 15 volumes and 
pamphlets. 

A special effort was made to complete the files of municipal 
reports from the important industrial centers of Great 
Britain; as a result of our efforts in this direction, the fol- 
lowing accessions may be noted: 

From England: Batley, 5 volumes; Blackburn, 7 
volumes and pamphlets; Bolton, 2 volumes; Bradford 
35 volumes and pamphlets; Keighley, 49 volumes and 
pamphlets; Leeds, 28 volumes; Leicester, 33 volumes 
and pamphlets; Liverpool, 17 volumes and pamphlets; 
Manchester, 21 volumes and pamphlets; Nottingham, 



48 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

150 volumes and pamphlets; Preston, 20 volumes and 
pamphlets; Rochdale, 33 pamphlets; Salford, 21 vol- 
umes; Stockport, 3 volumes. 

From Scotland: Dunfermline, 16 volumes and 
pamphlets; Glasgow, 27 volumes and pamphlets; 
Perth, i volume. 

From Ireland : Dublin, 9 volumes. 
From Wales : Swansea, 8 volumes. 

Two cities of the Far Hast supplied the Library with their 
reports: Shanghai, China, 10 volumes; Bangkok, Siam, 36 
volumes. 
international en- f^g number of governments on the international exchange 

changes 

list remains unchanged, being ninety-one (91) at the 
present time. Negotiations are in progress for the ar- 
rangement of exchange relations with some of the new 
governments established during and since the war. 
state documents The receipts of the official publications of the States of 
the United States show a slight decrease as compared 
with the previous year. The extent of these receipts since 
the creation of the Division of Documents is as follows: 



I9OI-2 2, l62 

J . 5 8 9 

1,023 

1904-5 2, 8l2 

1905-6 3> 88 4 

1906-7 3. 245 

1907-8 4. 128 

1908-9 3.554 

190910 6, 386 



1910-11 ................. 7> 767 

1911-12 ................. 9)3 l8 

3 ................. 9, 4 8 5 

............ 9. 28 3 

19*4-15 ................. 9.634 

6 ................. 9.615 

1916-17 ................. 11,095 



1918-19 ................. 12, 638 



These receipts now average over 1,000 items monthly, 
and their growth since 1910 is, of course, due to the publi- 
cation of the Monthly List of State Publications by the 
Division of Documents. As stated in the preceding annual 
report, a reduction in these receipts is to be expected in the 
future, partly because of the higher cost of printing and 
partly because of the efforts now being made to consolidate 
and reduce the number of bureaus and departments of the 
State governments. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



49 



During the year 3,899 volumes were sent to the Bindery. 

The number of duplicates eliminated and turned over to 
the Order Division for exchange with other libraries was 
6,919 (2,808 volumes and 4,111 pamphlets). 

LAW LIBRARY 
i From the report of the Law Librarian, Mr. Thompson) 



The accessions during the vear were as follows : I - A 1 W I ^ IBRARV: 

Accessions 


1917-18 


1918-19 


How acquire*! 

Main 
Library 


Confer- 
ence 
Library 


Main 
Library 


Confer- 
ence 
Library- 




1,4^8 




By gift and transfer 812 


J 59 
35i 


443 
560 


log 

437 


Bv purchase . . oo^ 




Total 3, 217 


5 10 
7*7 

335 


2. 441 546 
2,QS 7 
187,322 


Total accessions 3, 


Total contents of Law Library .... 184, 



On account of war conditions no accessions calling for 
special mention are recorded this year, the development 
of the collection having been practically limited to mate- 
rial bearing on legal questions arising out of the war as 
described in the last annual report. The greater part of 
the time of the Law Librarian has been devoted to the 
direction of the Legislative Reference Service. 

A revised want list of State session laws was prepared stale session 

laics 

during the year. 

The remainder of the collection of unbound United States supreme Court 
Supreme Court records and briefs covering the period i88o- f 
1895 has now been rearranged following the order in which 
the decisions are printed in the United States Reports, and 
at the close of the fiscal year the collection was ready for 
binding into volumes. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



MAPS AND 

CHARTS: 
4 ccessions 



DIVISION OP MAPS 
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Phillips) 

The following tables A and B, respectively, show the 
number of accessions for the year and the total number of 
pieces in the Division of Maps : 

TABLE A. Accessions, July i, 1918, to June 30, 1919 



Description 


Copy- 
right 


Pur- 
chases 


Gift 


Trans- 
fer 


Ex- 
change 


Total 


Maps 


i n8 












Atlases 


76 


47 


I 


2 




86 


Manuscript 














Views 




7 


2 


6 




















Total 


I, 174 


tCO4 


I. 3O3 


211 





















TABLE B. Total number of pieces in Division, June 30, 1919 



Description 


June 30 
1918 


Accessions, 
1919 


Total 


Maps 


IS2, 41:8 


? 202 


I c e 7 CO 


Atlases 


5176 


86 


C 262 


Manuscript 


062 


i 


06 T, 


Views 


I. AQA. 


iz 


I. ^OO 










Total 


1 60, 090 


1 T.QA. 


l6?. 484 











These tables do not include the total number of sheets in 
the Sanborn insurance collection, the British Ordnance sur- 
vey, and the Egyptian survey, which number as follows : 



Description 


Accessions, 1918-19 


Total 


Maps 


Sheets 


Maps 


Sheets 


Sanborn insurance maps .... 


296 


2,528 


28, 087 


258,324 
17,217 
22, 66O 


Ordnance Survey 


Egyptian Survey 








Total 








296 


2,528 


28, 087 


298, 2OI 





Report of the Librarian of Congress 51 

An examination of the tabulated statement of accessions 
will show a small increase over the number of the past few 
years, but not enough in comparison with former ones. The 

excessive cost of publication has reduced the number of maps For "9* Govern- 
ment mapi 

actually published, and foreign governments have been 
very slack in fonvarding those issued. 

The work of examining the old copyright material, which ler ^ yT19 ' 
has occupied attention at intervals during the last few years, 
is now completed and a total of 2,669 pieces, heretofore 
regarded as duplicates, have been added to the collection. 

One of the most important and noteworthy additions to I'Enfa^t map 
the collection was made through the efforts of the Acting 
Chief of the Manuscript Division, in the deposit of Pierre 
Charles 1'Enfant's original manuscript plan of Washington, 
made in 1791, the prototype of all the maps of the city. 

An excellent reproduction of it was made by the Coast & 
Geodetic survey in 1887, numbered chart 30353. This re- 
production added to the plan itself contains certain historical 
data. The plan is contained in a wooden box, with a 
wooden cover on hinges, measuring 30 x 42 inches. Inside 
the box is a gilt frame, with glass over the map. The map 
within the frame measures 27? s x 39? 3 inches. It is in two 
sheets, the left (20 inches wide) overlapping the right, 
which is 29 3 s inches in width. 

Among the accessions of special interest may be noted 
the following : 

A p'.an of the town and harbour of Boston and the country adjacent Noteworthy ac- 
with the road from Boston to Concord, showing the place of the late CfSfions 
engagement between the king's troops and the provincials together 
with the several encampments of both armies in & about Boston, 
taken from actual survey, humbly inscribed to Rich d \\~hitworth 
. . . by . . . J. De Costa. C. Hall sc. A scale of miles, 4=2 l /i in. 
i4>2 x 19. London, J. De Costa, July 2gth, 1775. 

[Matanzas bay, Cuba] 9x13. Inset: "Das eylandtCuba mit derosel- 
ben gelegenheit. " 

This map shows the capture of the Spanish silver fleet in 1628 in the bay of Matanzas 
by the Dutch fleet. In the upper corners are portraits of "General Pieter Pietersz 
Hayn ' ' and " Admirael Hendrick Coraelisz Lonq. ' ' Below the map is a description. 



52 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Cruz Cano y Olmedillo, Juan de la. Mapa geografico de America 
meridional . . . Escalas, 100 leguas de Espana=5J^ in. 8 sheets, 
each 22 x 34^2. [Madrid] 1775. 

This map is elaborately decorated with large allegorical figures, and emblems, 
coats of arms and floral border. 

Andrews, John. A new map of the British colonies in North America 
showing the seat of the present war, taken from the best surveys, 
compared with and improved from manuscripts of several noblemen 
and gentlemen. 39^ x 31^- London, 1781. 

A plan of Louisbourg on the island of Cape Breton in North America 
which was surrendered to the english on the 17 June after a siege of 
49 days. Scale of fathoms, 400=2%' in. 18 x 12^. London, 
H. Overton, 1745. 

Blaeu, Joan. Atlas mayor, sino cosmographia Blaviana, en la qual, 
exact, se descrive la tierre, el mar y el cielo. 10 v. fol. Amsterdam, 
[1659-1672] 

This Spanish edition, of great rarity, originally intended to be published in 
ii volumes, was never completed. The nth volume containing America was never 
issued, and Africa was omitted from volume 9. Almost the whole edition was des- 
troyed at the fire which burned the Blaeu publishing house. This copy is bound 
in the original green velvet covering. For a full description of its contents, consult 
volume 4, title 4261, of the " List of geographical atlases." 

Norman, John. The American pilot containing the navigation of 
the sea coast of North America from the streights of Belle-Isle to 
Cayenne, fol. Boston, J. Norman, 1792. 

Norman, William. The American pilot containing the navigation 
of the sea-coast of North -America from the streights of Belle- Isle 
to Essequibo. fol. Boston, W. Norman, 1803. 

Mexico. Secretaria de estado y del despacho de fomento. Carta de 
la republica mexicana a la ioo,ooo a . Mexico, 1905-1913. 

90 sheets of this important map have been added to the collection, of which the 
Library expects to receive shortly all sheets published to date. 

Anglo- Egyptian Sudan, i : 250,000. 140 sheets. Khartoum, Sur- 
vey Office, 1908-1919. 

Egypt, i : 50,000. 80 sheets. Cairo, Survey department, 1905-1908. 

India and adjacent countries, i : 1,000,000. 101 sheets. Calcutta, 
Survey of India Offices, 1904-1917. 

Publications The fourth volume of "A list of geographical atlases" 
has gone to press. This volume, when published, will 
make a book of about eleven hundred pages, including 
preface, author list and index. It adds 1,237 titles to 
those embraced in volumes 1-3. It is hardly necessary, 
after many years of usefulness of the former volumes, to 
refer here to the need of the present one. It may be said, 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



53 



however, that the publication is absolutely necessary for 
reference in the division in the identification of material 
lacking sure indication upon its face. 

The Chief of the division reports (i) a marked increase 
in the reference use, especially on Sundays; (2) an increase 
in the number of reproductions called for (by photography 
and photostat) ; and (3) the numerous pressing demands of 
the various war service commissions, in addition to those 
of the regular governmental departments and bureaus. 

He reiterates the need of additional filing cabinets 
required by the growth of the collection. For lack of 
these much material has to be kept in temporary port- 
folios, with risk to itself, impairment cf the classification, 
and embarrassment to the service of it. 

DIVISION' <)F MUSIC 
r:i the report of the Acting Chief. Mr. Whiuli 

,v Division for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1919 





Copy- 
right 


Gift 


Pur- 
chase 


KX- 

change 


Trans- 
fer 


Other 


Total 


Mti^ic 


2?. 6^2 


607 


2. 27O 




582 


*e< 


*")> 41^ 


Literature of music 


24-I 


2IC 


J?2 




47 


21 


8^8 


Instruction 


408 


6? 


So 




IOO 


jr;; 


806 


















Total 


26, 283 


88 q 


2,682 




720 


erzi 


31, no 



















Contents of the Music Division at the close of the fiscal year, June jo, 1919 

Music: 

The division contained tip to June 30, 1918, 

volumes and pieces 765, 176 

Accessions during the fiscal year numbered, 

volumes and pieces 29, 446 

Total on June 30, 1919 794, 622 

Literature of music: 

The division contained up to June 30, 1918, 

volumes and pieces 35, 431 

Accessions during the fiscal year numbered 858 

Total on June 30, 1919 36, 289 



54 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Instruction; 

The division contained up to June 30, 1918, 

volumes and pieces 21, 402 

Accessions during the fiscal year numbered 806 



Total on June 30, 1919 22, 208 



Grand total, volumes, pamphlets, etc ................. 853, 119 



MUSIC DIVISION: The tota j access i ons during the past fiscal year amounted 

A ccessions 

to 31,110 volumes, pamphlets, and pieces (Music, 29,446; 
Literature of Music, 858; Musical Instruction, 806, 23 
books proper, of which 9 are copyright deposit duplicates). 
This total includes 20,499 volumes and pieces marked 
"Reserve Storage." 

Contents The Music Division now contains (estimated) 853,119 

volumes, pamphlets, and pieces. (Music, 794,622; Litera- 
ture of Music, 36,289, including librettos; Musical Instruc- 
tion, 22,208, including teaching pieces, etudes, and other 
music of an instructive type.) 



Gifts (original Q ne j t o or igi na i manuscripts was received, that of 

manuscripts 

American com- Mrs. Eleanor Kverest Freer, consisting of: 

pose f s*) 

Songs: Two songs, op. 5: The shepherdess; Serenade; 
Five songs to Spring, op. 6; Miscellaneous songs, 
op. 12: No. 3. The galloping song. 4. Song of the 
rose. 5. August night. 6. Summer night; Two 
songs, op. 14 ... [No. 2] I have done, put by the 
lute; Two songs, op. 16: i. The boat is chafing at 
our long delay, n. Daughter of Egypt; Five songs, 
op. 19: i. When I am dead, my dearest, n. Love 
in my heart, in. O fly not, pleasure, iv. How 
many times do I love thee, dear. v. Who has 
robbed the ocean cave; Love songs, op. 20 . . . 
[No. 3] Evening song; Sonnets from the Portuguese, 
Book I-[Book IV], op. 22. 

Piano compositions: Andante for pianoforte; Har- 
monic-rhythmic study; Souvenir; Lyric studies for 
the piano [Nos. I, IV, VIII, IX]. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress - - 

One of the most important gifts of music the Library 
of Congress has received is that of the late Dr. Edward 
Hodges, at one time the organist at Trinity Church, Xew 
York City. The collection finally became the property 
of his grandson, Mr. George S. Hodges, of Baltimore, Mary- 
land, and was presented to us in June 1919 by the widow 
of the latter. 

It consists of about 743 volumes, pamphlets, and pieces 
of dramatic music, church music, instrumental, vocal, 
and miscellaneous, etc., literature of music, and works 
of instruction. 

Among other gifts have been the following: 

From the Biglow & Main Co., New York city, Ira D. 
Sankey's Gospel Hymns, nos. 1-6. 

From Mrs. A. M. L. Blake, Philadelphia, Pa., the 
music collection of her late husband, Mr. John Henry 
Blake, consisting of folk-songs, songs, musical literature, etc., 
in 88 volumes and pieces. Also, a collection of notes and 
references used by Mr. Blake in preparing his version of 
the history of and his arrangements of the Star-Spangled 
Banner. 

From Miss Kitty Cheatham, Augusta C. Stetson's national 
anthem, Our America. 

From Mr. W. O. Dolan, Washington, D. C., nine pieces of 
band and orchestra music. 

From Mr. Frank N. Graves, National peace song . . . 
Army: Yankees on the Rhine. Xavy: Yankees on the 
brine. Three copies of the song with his autographed 
photograph and other data, and eight copies of the same 
composition arranged for small orchestra. (Music by 
C. W. Bennet.) 

From Mr. Erwin E. Harder, his Symphonic poem Xo. 2, 
solo for organ. 

140387 19 5 



56 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

From Mr. Theodore Henckels, Songs of our Country. Prize 
song in the New York x Herald's patriotic song competition, 
July 4, 1917. 

From Mr. John Hyde, The new hymn and tune book, 
1883; L. F. Syke's All Hail! A hymn collection, and 
' John Hullah's First lessons in singing. 

From Institute of Musical Art, New York city, Annual 
Reports, 1918-1919; Mr. Frank Damrosch, Director. 

From Jewish Welfare Board, U. S. Army and Navy, 
New York, Jewish song book for soldiers and sailors, 1918. 
Gift of the publishers. 

From Dr. Clara S. Ludlow, Washington, D. C., two volumes 
of miscellaneous Americana, published between 1830 and 1850. 

From Miss Zaida Nicholson, Washington, D. C., Auto- 
graph letter, visiting card of Jenny Lind. 

From Mrs. Alvin A. Parker, Straff ord, Pa., Dead march 
and monody. Performed in the Lutheran Church, Phila- 
delphia, on Thursday the 26th December, 1799, being part 
of the music selected for funeral honors to our late illustrious 
Chief, General George Washington. Composed ... for 
the occasion . . . by B. Carr [A photograph (2 leaves) 
from the original edition.] 

From Scheltens & Giltay, Amsterdam, De Vlaamschc 
leeuw. Gift of the publishers, 

From Mr. Kurt Schindler, New York city. Complete- 
set of programs of the Schola Cantorum, New York city. 

From G. Schirmer, Inc., New York city, The Star-Spangled 
Banner. The standardized version of the melody, for voice 
and piano. 

From Mr. Theodor Schmohl, The patriotic call. Son^ r 
with piano accompaniment. Words by Theodor Schmohl 
and Stephen Raffo. Music by Robert H. Vick. 

From Mr. Walter F. Smith, Washington, D. C., Arthur 
Tregina's arrangement of the Marine's hymn. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 57 

From Miss M. A. Thayer, Boston, Mass., New England 
Conservatory of Music: Programs of concerts, 1914-1918. 

From Mr. Charles R. Warren, Percy Button Arant's 
The Spirit of 1917. Song with piano accompaniment. 

From Mrs. J. B. Westfeldt, New Orleans, La., H. Aide's 
The call of the flag, English and French version, and D. 
Wescott's Run the Hun. Songs with piano accom- 
paniment. 

Among the most important received during the year 
are the following from the \V. H. Cummings' sale: Bach, 
J. S., Praeludium pedaliter (autograph); Clarke: Choice 
lessons for the harpsichord or spinet, 1711; A Collection 
of uncommon and rare pieces of Shakespeare music, In 
ms. ; Couperin: L'Art de toucher le clavecin, 1717; 
Eccles, Solomon: A musicklector; or, The art of musick, 
London, 1667; Field: Compositions (autograph); Fresco- 
baldi: II primo libro delle canzoni . . . 1628, Toccate e 
partite d'intavolature di cimbalo, 1615; Handel: Lost in 
anguish (autograph) ; Haydn : Cantata (autograph) ; Hot" er : 
Tabulatur Buech, 1602; Kapsberger: Libro" primo di arie 
passeggiate a ima voce, 1612; Kapsberger: Libro primo 
d'intavolatura di chitrone, 1604; Kapsberger: Libro primo 
d'intavolatura di lauto, 1611; Kapsberger: Libro primo 
di motetti passeggiati a una voce, 1612; Kapsberger: Libro 
primo di villaneille, 1610; Le Jeune: Dodecacorde contenant 
douse pse., 1618; Le Jeune: Meslanges de la musique, 1607; 
Le Jeune : Octonaires de la vanite, et inconstance du monde, 
1606; Le Jeune: Pseaumes en vers mezurez mis en musique, 
1606; Locke: The present practice of musick vindicated, 
1673; Marenzio: II quinto libro de madregalia cinque voci, 
1588; Matteis: Arie diverse per il violino. 4 v. 1685-1687; 
Muller: Der geistlichen Erquick-Stunden . . . Poetischer 
andacht-Klang, 1691; Pepusch: Concerto in score for two 
violins, tenor and bass (autograph) ; Playford, H. : The Ban- 
quet cf Musick, Books 1-6, 1688-1692; Purcell, H.: The 



58 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

epicure (autograph) ; Purcell, H. : Ten sonatas in four parts, 
1697; Playford, J. : Cantica Sacra 1662, 1674; Playford, J.; 
Musicks Hand-maid, 1678; Ravenscroft: Deuteromelia; or, 
The second part of Musicks Melodic, 1 609 ; Reggio : Songs sets 
by Sig. Reggio, 1679; Rossini: Senate, 1804 (autograph); 
Salmon: Observations upon a late book, entitled "An essay 
to the advancement of musick," 1672. 

Catalogue During the past fiscal year 22,337 catalogue cards were 

added to our catalogue as against 33,022 in 1918. Of this 
total, 20,876 cards (14,982 of which belong to the sub-class 
M) were prepared in this division. 

Arrears in music As ment i one d j n i ast yea r's Annual Report, the cata- 
loguing of the "Bound sheet music" begun in 1916 had 
been completed, but there remained undealt with similar 
material in single sheet form comprising some 30,000 com- 
positions. So far this year some 5,000 of these have been 
catalogued and the cards added to our catalogue known 
as "American Publications i82o-ca. 1860." 

Of the mass of minor copyright deposits (principally be- 
tween the yeaft 1870-1897) which has been stored in the 
cellar, about one-half has been classified and filed. The 
material filed includes songs (solo), piano compositions (2 
hands) such as are covered by class divisions M 25, M 26, 
M 27, amounting approximately to 6,000 pieces. Class 
divisions M 30-32 comprising about 14,000 pieces are ready 
for filing. When this material (all of which is in folio size) 
is cleared, there still will remain a large quantity of material 
in 8 size to be classified and filed, consisting principally of 
band, orchestra and part-song music. 

Good progress was made in clearing up arrearages dur- 
ing the past year. This was made possible from the 
fact that little material was received from abroad and con- 
centrated effort could be applied in that direction. With 
no serious interruption the arrears should be well cleared up 
this coming year. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 59 

Xo publications have been issued by this division dur- 
ing the past year. A music supplement to the Check List 
of literature and other material in the Library of Congress 
on the European war is in course of preparation and can 
quickly be made ready for the printer if a re-issue of the 
work is decided upon. 

The following publications might suitably be undertaken : 

A supplement to Mr. Sonneck's Orchestral music cata- 
logue, 1912, a finding list of which has just been prepared 
in typewritten form. This list contains all of the orchestral 
scores received since 1912, with provision for the addition 
of band scores. 

A re-issue of Mr. Sonneck's Dramatic music catalogue (full 
scores) 1908, would be of vast interest and assistance to 
libraries, historical societies, and music students. Antici- 
pating the possibility of its re-issue, Mr. Sonneck, before 
his resignation from the Library service, completed the 
preparation of this entire class of music, so that with the 
exception of a few additional entries to be made, the work 
is ready for publication. 

The publication of a catalogue of our collection of operas 
in vocal score is another project which might be given care- 
ful consideration. This catalogue, constituting a volume 
of probably 1,400 pages or 700 leaves, basing the size on 
an estimate of our 7,000 operas with six entries to a page, 
could be made ready without much delay. 

A catalogue of our large and interesting collection of 
early and modern chamber music also should prove valua- 
ble, since, to my knowledge, no such publication other than 
Altmann's Kammermusik-Literature, 1910, is in exist- 
ence. This latter treats only of chamber music published 
since 1841. Our catalogue would consist of both early 
and modern works. Also the treatment of the subject 



60 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

would be on broader lines than that employed by Altmann. 
However, owing to the number of outstanding orders for 
works needed to perfect this section of our collection, I 
prefer to postpone any recommendation for its publication. 
The division has in preparation a list of American pub- 
lishers who were in business in this country up to 1820. 
The list gives their local addresses and their serial plate 
numbers as they appear on their publications. In most 
instances the information may be depended upon to deter- 
mine dates of publication. The treatment of the subject 
is about the same as that by William Arms Fisher in his 
"Notes on music in old Boston," 1918, and by Mabel Almy 
Howe in her "Music publishers in New York City before 
1850," but the field covered by us is geographically more 
extensive. It is to be hoped that this list will be far enough 
advanced to justify its publication during the coming year. 

Equipment This division also finds itself in need of additional shelv- 

ing space. 

Exhibits An exhibit of songs relating to the War of 1914-1919 

was prepared and placed on view on the second floor. This 
exhibit consisted of 124 songs of the different countries in- 
volved. Special care was used to obtain works of well-known 
composers and with attractive title-pages. The following 
countries were represented : United States of America by 44 
items; Great Britain, 20; France, 20; Italy, 20; Canada, 
10; Belgium, 5; Russia, Poland, Roumania, Serbia, and 
Armenia by i each. 

PERIODICAL DIVISION 
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Slade) 

Service But 6 in a normal staff of 1 2 have been constantly mem- 

bers of the division throughout the year just 50 per cent. 
The list of appointments and resignations includes seventeen 
names for the other six positions, and four more names for 
two merely temporary positions assigned to the Periodical 
Division to meet certain emergencies. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 61 

The number of current periodicals received by the Slal - i!tcs 
Periodical Division this past year (separate titles) was 
7,260 (6.712 in 1918; 7,712, in 1917). Journals published 
in Germany and Austria, which are now being received, 
covering in part those on our usual list, increased the total 
last year, and the number will be increased again with the 
the receipt of those on the balance of the list. The receipts 
of the past year include second copies of periodicals taken 
up from the Copyright Office, now 1,185 m number, and 754 
journals deposited by the Smithsonian Institution. Official 
documentary series, and almanacs, annual reports, year- 
books, and other material of the kind, which are received 
in other divisions of the library, are not counted in these 
statistics. 

The whole number of periodicals received in the Periodical 
Division (separate items) was 115,612 (last year 107,905). 

New titles added during the year included those of 362 
periodicals received by copyright, 452 by gift, 81 by sub- 
scription, and 183 through the Smithsonian Institution. 

The number of newspapers received is 738, of which 629 
are published in the United States, and 109 in foreign 
countries. Of the newspapers published in the United States 
573 are dailies and 56 weeklies. Of the newspapers pub- 
lished in foreign countries 96 are dailies and 1 3 are weeklies. 

The number of newspapers retained for binding is as> b d evst> 
follows: American, 216; foreign 92; total, 308. 

The binding during the past year was as follows: news- 
papers, 2,067 volumes (last year 1,726 volumes); period- 
icals, 2,618 (last year 3,105 volumes). 

During the year 9,758 volumes of newspapers and 9,212 
volumes of periodicals were served to readers (last year: 
newspapers, 5,724 volumes; periodicals, 10,106 volumes). 
The sen-ice of periodicals here stated is of general periodical 
material only ; special periodical material is served by other 
divisions of the Library. 



62 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Through the good offices of the Carnegie Institution of 
Washington arrangements were made, prior to the signing of 
the armistice, for subscriptions to a small number of German 
and Austrian newspapers and periodicals. Subscriptions to 
to the journals of the Central Powers on our usual list were 
placed through the State Department. 

The purchase of an unusual collection of German news- 
papers for the war period has gained for the Library a body 
of notable source material. 

Further orders have been placed for newspapers pub- 
lished in belligerent and neutral countries during the war 
period, which, with those in our usual current receipts, 
and with those recently acquired, will make the collection 
of newspapers in the National Library for the period 
1914-1919 notable among collections of the kind. Auxil- 
iary to this material are the camp and trench papers pub- 
lished by units of the allied and associated armies that have 
been obtained, partly by purchase, partly by gift. The 
titles are too many to enumerate here. Much correspon- 
dence has been carried on to gain for the Library the Ameri- 
can camp papers published in this country and overseas. 
The papers of this kind are many, and they have an interest 
peculiarly their own. 

Among other items added were some 457 American 
eighteenth century newspapers and 34 confederate news- 
papers. 

Any list of acquisitions of periodicals, if given, would 
show less than its true significance, for in the main pur- 
chases have been either to bring to the Library at least 
specimen copies of unusual, or out of the way items, or 
else of particular numbers or volumes to add to incomplete 
sets. An interesting item came to the Library through 
the purchase of La Baionnette, July 8, I9i5-December 27, 
1917, 10 volumes, while through the gift of Mr. Paul J. 
Pelz the Library received vols. 62-77 of Fliegende Blatter. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 63 

It is a matter of gratification that the situation precipi- F?te copies of 

fnibl i coiton s 

tated by the order of the War Industries Board, directing 
the discontinuance by publishers of the gifts of newspapers, 
in lieu of subscriptions, was remedied, as noted in last year's 
report, by a supplementary statement, in which it was 
provided that free copies should be sent to the Library of 
Congress. Much correspondence followed with publishers, 
who, as a rule, were quick to respond to our letters and to 
continue their gifts to us. 

DIVISION OF PRINTS 

(From the report of the Chief, Professor Rice) 
The increase in the collection has been: 
By copyright. . . 2, 792 

By gtft 3,259 

By purchase 4- ; 

By transfer 158 

By exchange 54 



Total 6, 738 

The collection of prints now numbers 409,029. PRINTS: 

The most important gifts were: 

i. The George Lothrop Bradley collection of prints de- 
posited in the Library for the past 18 years, has become 
the property of the Library by the death of Mrs. Helen 
McHenry Bradley (Jan. 10, 1919). 

The collection comprises 2,054 prints, representing all 
schools, and includes examples of well known engravers, 
such as Bolswert, Carracci, Cranach, Diirer, Edelinck, 
Goltzius, Haig, Hogarth, Hopfer, Leyden, Lorrain, Marc 
Antonio, Mantegna, Morghen, Xanteuil, Ostade, Pontius, 
Potter, Rembrandt, Rubens, Sadeler, Schongauer, Strange, 
Toschi, Turner, Van Dyck, Yisscher, Yorsterman, Waterloo, 
Wierix, and Woollett. 

Diirer's monumental work, the Triumphal Arch of Maxi- 
milian, has been assembled from no less than 67 woodcuts 
(originals and reproductions) in this collection. 



64 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

A few illustrated art works have been added, comprising 
1 8 volumes of engraved reproductions after Buonarroti, 
Constable, Prout, Rubens, Turner, Van Dyck, and others. 

2. Collection from John Pierpont Morgan, Esq., of New 
York city, which comprises the following: 

(a) Twelve oil paintings and 9 albums of drawings on 
the "Civil War", 43 etched plates and impressions from 
40 of these plates for the publication, "Life studies of the 
great army", all original work of the war correspondent, 
Edwin Forbes. 

(6) Seven portfolios of drawings, for newspapers, on the 
"Civil War," by A. R. Waud, Joseph Whitney, and others. 

(c) Twelve woodblocks of cartoons by Thomas Nast, 
appearing in Harper's Weekly. 

(d) Barnard's photographic views of Sherman's cam- 
paign. 

3. Collection of W T histleriana, from Joseph and Mrs. 
Elizabeth Robins Pennell of Philadelphia. 

This consists of Whistler's letters (originals and copies), 
rare editions of his writings, etchings, photographic repro- 
ductions of his paintings, reference works used for the 
"Life of Whistler" by Mr. and Mrs. Pennell, bound vol- 
umes of newspaper clippings; also catalogues, magazines, 
and reviews. 

This material is now being classified and catalogued for 
reference. 

For students of Whistler this collection will be of the 
greatest value. 

4. Collection of 487 photographic portraits, from Gen. 
R. L. Hoxie, Washington, D. C. 

They comprise 26 portraits of his wife, Mrs. Vinnie Ream 
Hoxie, the scupltress, 37 photographs of her sculptural 
works, 328 portraits of famous Americans, and 96 portraits 
of foreign celebrities, etc. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 65 

Collection of about 500 prints, consisting of war 
posters, post -cards, and photographs from the French and 
United States governments, Francis H. Robertson, Daniel 
C. French, Herbert Adams, Paul Manship, of Xe\v York, 
H. B. Learned and Mrs. Mary Sherman McCallum, of 
Washington, D. C. 

On account of the war conditions \ve weie limited in 
the purchase of important works on art and architecture. 
Interest was continued in the accumulation and exhibition 
of illustrative material, dealing with the Great War. 

The Gardiner Greene Hubbard Collection was increased by 
31 prints, representing the well known etchers, Haden, 
Bracquemond, Meryon, Millet and Platt. 

One hundred and sixty-seven photographs were added to 
the portrait collection, consisting of photographs of the 
portraits which form the permanent exhibit in Independence 
Hall, Philadelphia, Pa. 

The transfers from other institutions included : 

i. Xinety-thiee illustrations of the aeroplane, from che Transfers 
War Department, Washington, D. C. 

Collection of 21 portraits of prominent Americans, 
from the Department of Justice, Washington, D. C. 

The following were received by exchange : 

Forty-four Canadian, English. Australian, Italian, Swiss, 
Chinese, Algerian and South African war posters. 

The exhibitions during the year have mainly supple- 
rnented the war posters and prints already in place. Of 
special interest were: 

(a) Collection of war medals (Allies and Central Powers) 
lent by the Superintendent of the Philadelphia Mint. 

(&) British Government collection of lithographs. 

(c) Towers of Belgium. 

(d) Portraits- of leading representatives at the Paris 
Peace Conference. 



66 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

(e) Collection of 215 photographs showing national, state, 
and individual memorials. 

The division has supplied 8 governmental departments, 
2 societies, 22 private and public schools, -and 4 colleges 
with 9,946 photographs, etc., of painting, sculpture, and 
architecture; and the American Federation of Arts, Wash- 
ington, D. C., with 2 collections of engravings, i collection 
of war posters and i collection of cartoons by Raemaeker 
for exhibition purposes. 

SEMITIC DIVISION 

(From the report of Dr. Schapiro, for the Semitica. For accessions of 
Orientalia see under " Increase of the Library ") 

During the past year this division was kept busy arrang- 
ing and putting in order the books which were incorporated 
in the Library as an integrating supplement to the Hebrew 
Collections. These books belong mainly to the class 
know as Judaica. 

It should be observed that the two Deinard Collections 
presented by Mr. Jacob H. Schiff in 1912 and 1914, and 
likewise the third one which was acquired by the Library 
from the collector in 1916, did not consist exclusively of 
Hebrew and Yiddish books, but comprised also several 
thousand volumes of Judaica. 

It became necessary to make this material available 
for students, especially for those engaged in research work 
connected with questions concerning the Jewries of the 
world in general and the future of Palestine in particular. 
Previously this material had been put aside in order to 
make room for more urgent work. In view of the approach- 
ing period of reconstruction, it is safe to expect most ener- 
getic literary endeavors in this field and on other 
problems bound to arise out of the world war. The Judaic 
material now in possession of the Library bearing on these 
momentous and inevitable problems will prove to be 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 67 

indispensable to investigators. It is a storehouse of 
information; its medium consists of all the principal lan- 
guages of the world. The class Judaica, originating in 
different countries and extending over centuries, treats of 
all the branches of science and literature relative to Jews 
and Judaism. It may be noted that Judaica is not written 
by Jews exclusively, but there are also a number of authors 
who are illustrious in Christian and Islamic literature. 

In many libraries Hebraica and Judaica are grouped 
together under a special classification. Judaica is a 
comparatively rich class of literature. The Judaic Col- 
lection, which came to our Library as an adjunct to the 
Deinard Collections, may be considered fairly representa- 
tive. It contains a considerable number of old and new 
books conforming to the highest literary standard; some 
of these are out of print. A few hundred pamphlets may 
be termed invaluable, as it would be absolutely impossible 
to replace them; these are writings published in limited 
editions and intended for a special class of readers at a 
certain date. Of vital importance is the material per- 
taining to Zionistica. There are found a number of books 
and pamphlets in various languages which will surely be 
of special value to those who are particularly interested 
in the study of the Zionist movement. Antisemitic and 
controversal literature, mostly in German, will also attract 
a class of readers. A conspicuous feature of the collection 
of Judaica, however, is a fair and comprehensive repre- 
sentation of periodical literature. The painstaking inves- 
tigator will obtain a rich field of information both in 
science and in politics not easily procurable from other 
sources. Besides Geiman, French, Italian, and Polish 
magazines, theie are also a number of English weeklies 
and monthlies, as well as interesting almanacs published in 
England, for which a demand is likely to arise. 



68 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The collection of Judaic books has been arranged 
according to subject matter. Typewritten cards have 
been prepared and nearly all of the books and pamphlets 
have been made ready for use. 

Of the Hebrew and Yiddish Collections 1,300 books 
were classified, while about 400 were catalogued, repre- 
senting mostly Rabbinica and Belles- Lettres. All of the 
copyrighted books in Hebrew, Yiddish, and Arabic, and 
likewise some in cognate languages, were catalogued in 
this division; the proofs for the cards in those languages 
were read and corrected. A few hundred volumes of 
Semitica were prepared for the bindery. 

The Library was in a position to add to the Hebrew, 
Yiddish, and Judaic Collections a few hundred important 
books by purchase from individuals. These occasional 
purchases enabled this division to complete many broken 
sets. 

Exchange of duplicates also netted some desirable 
additions. 

The number of Hebrew and Yiddish books which enter 
the Library under the copyright privilege has been 
continually increasing. 

SLAVIC SECTION 
(From the report of Dr. Speek, covering the past two years) 

f the Se " T* 16 Slavic Section of the Library of Congress contains 
publications in the Russian, Polish, Bohemian, Servian, 
Bulgarian, and other Slavic tongues over 100,000 vol- 
umes in all. The majority of the publications in the 
section are Russian. The Yudin Collection alone contains 
about 80,000 volumes. With the exception of the Polish, 
the subsections of the literature of other Slavic nations, 
especially of those subjugated by the Teutonic powers 
in the past, have not been developed, principally for the 
reasons that the literary expression of these peoples was 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 69 

restrained and the interest of other nations in them was 
discouraged by their masters. Now, with freedom, their 
literature will grow in extent and importance, and the 
best of it the Library should acquire in the coming years. 

Owing to the war and the revolutionary conditions in 
the Slavic countries which have resulted in an entire 
breakdown of communication and transportation systems, 
not to speak of the collapse of business relations, it has 
been possible to acquire only a very limited number of 
Slavic publications about 500 in number, including peri- 
odicals and pamphlets these being secured through local 
purchases, gifts, and official channels. Among the most 
noteworthy are the original "Izviestia" (Official Bulletin) 
( f the temporary Russian government following the down- 
fall of the T?ar; the official bulletin of the government of 
Kerenski; the bulletin of the Bolsheviks up to the first 
part of this year; various other Russian periodicals, 
although no one in a complete set; "Asiatic Russia," 
an official publication in three large volumes with a col- 
lection of detailed maps of Siberia; seven volumes of 
scientific lectures on philosophical and religious problems 
by noted professors of the Russian Theological Academy, 
published in very limited numbers; war posters; photo- 
graphs of the war and revolutionary leaders and scenes 
in Russia. 

Repeated attempts through private business concerns 
as well as through official channels to secure from Russia 
literature by purchase have failed. For instance, a very 
large order for literature on Russian economic life and 
affairs of more recent years received no answer but silence. 
By the voluntary aid of a Russian engineer a list of recent 
technical literature has been prepared, but there is little 
hope of getting the volumes from Russia before internal 
peace has been established there. 



yo Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Technical -work During the last two years ending June 30 the technical 
work in the Yudin Collection has progressed so far that 
the real value of the collection has become apparent and 
the collection is now available to the readers and especially 
to the research students in the Library. 

About three-fourths of the collection is roughly classified, 
about 10,000 volumes are classified in detail and about 
half of these are catalogued. 

The newspapers and magazines of general character are 
classified in alphabetical and chronological order and a 
record of them has been made. 

The earlier Russian publications, from the year 1692 up 
to the beginning of the nineteenth century, consisting of 
about 2,000 volumes, many of them of great rarity and 
value, have been classified separately and are kept now in 
an inclosure in the collection. There are also about 1,000 
volumes of revolutionary literature, half of which are 
"underground", or secretly published. 

However, most of the technical work, such as binding 

newspapers, classifying in detail and cataloguing, remains 

yet to be done. It would be advisable to have one more 

technical worker in the Collection. 

Demands upon Demand upon the Slavic Section has been heavy and 

the section 

varied. This is explained by the importance into which 
the Slavic peoples sprang through the war and the revo- 
lutions and by the fact that their conditions were little 
known in the Western countries, especially in this country. 

Assistance in research bibliographical, statistical, etc. 
in translation of letters, decrees, and other Slavic text, 
expressions and words, and in collecting miscellaneous 
information in regard to Slavic affairs was rendered con- 
stantly. 

Preparation for the War Department of a classification 
table of the Slavic peoples with a short descriptive sketch 
of each as expressed in statistical data based upon official 



Report of the Librarian of Congress ~ i 

sources, interpretation and verification of the transliterated 
Russian names on a new detailed Siberian map for the 
Matthews-Xorthrup Works, were among the more exten- 
sive pieces of work carried out in the section. Studies 
of Slavism, as philosophy and movement, by a number of 
students in the Library have required considerable assist- 
ance from the section. With the appearance of Bolshevists 
on the stage there have come numerous inquiries to the 
section in regard, for instance, to the history and program 
of the Bolsheviks, the meaning, correct spelling, and pro- 
nunciation of the words "Bolshevik," "Soviet," "Sovdep," 
"Tzyk," etc. Inquiries in regard to the "Bolsheviks" 
have lately been superseded by inquiries in regard to the 
cooperative movement in Russia. The greatest demand 
by readers has been for publications on the economic 
conditions in Russia, natural resources, transportation, 
and commerce. Textbooks, grammars and dictionaries 
for the study of Russian, belles-lettres, and works of 
literary criticism have been in considerable demand. 

Visitors to the section have been numerous. The ancient 
and rare Russian volumes in the inclosures and Russian 
art works are a special attraction to them. It has been a 
touching sight to see with what wonder and emotion 
Russian visitors, especially old-time immigrants from 
backwoods places, find in the collection the books which 
they had studied and read in their youthful days in Russia, 
which they had held tenderly in their memories for many 
years, and which they had never thought to see on the 
shelves of a library so distant from their native land. 

BINDING 

The number of volumes bound was 26,621, as against 
28,317 for the preceding year. 

In addition to the binding, 485 books were repaired, 
without rebinding, as against 1,280 for the preceding year, 

140387 19 6 



72 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

5,531 lines of extra lettering done, apart from the binding, 
as against 4,612 ; 197 dummies made, as against 212. 

One hundred and ninety-four cases for books in Chinese 
were made. 

A large number of minor repairs were made of which 
no account is taken. 

CATALOGUING 
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Martel) 

The number of volumes catalogued was 82,335, of which 
64,034 were new accessions, and 18,251 recatalogued 
(1917-18 89,467 volumes, accessions 64,129, recatalogued 
2 5>338; 1916-17 105,305 volumes, accessions 80,277, re- 
catalogued 25,028). The number of accessions received and 
catalogued remained the same as the preceding year, but the 
recataloguing shows a reduction of 7,000 volumes, a falling 
off of 9 per cent in the total catalogued as compared with 
1917-18, and of 20 per cent as compared with 1916-17. 
While the character of the material handled accounts for 
fluctuations from ye^ar to year of a few thousand volumes 
more or less catalogued, the sharp decline from 1916-17 is 
Resignations due principally to changes in the force. The same condi- 
tions which caused 28 changes in the force the year before 
have continued to operate during 1918-19. There were 24 
resignations, temporary appointments, and separations. 
These involved the loss of several cataloguers of rare ability 
and experience. Qualifications and ability of the kind have 
always and quite generally commanded higher compensation 
in other sendees and have advanced to a still higher premium 
in recent years outside of the Library. The cost of living in 
the meantime has cut the means of subsistence in two and 
therefore forces many to give up the work in which they ex- 
cel and which they would naturally prefer, but which will not 
support them in a degree of comfort indispensable to the 
maintenance of the bodily health and mental efficiency de- 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 73 

manded by the work they do, nor permit them to meet re- 
sponsibilities and obligations resting upon them. The ame- 
liorations so far granted are insufficient; serious deteriora- 
tion of the sen-ice is taking place and will become general and 
permanent if the condition is allowed to continue. The 
working of it is manifest in the reports of the revisers in 
charge of sections. In this connection I may call 
attention to the circumstance that the cataloguing work 
of this division through the distribution of the printed 
cards is subject to the most searching tests for high stand- 
ards in form and accuracy. That these standards have 
been maintained in the past is due in no negligible degree to 
the voluntary devotion of much of their own time on the 
part of cataloguers where extended research and investi- 
gation are demanded to guard against errors and inferior 
quality of result. 

Recataloguing of various sections of literature is in prog- 
ress. Analyzing of certain series of local American histori- 
cal society publications and of the pamphlet collections is 
being continued by the American history section. Revised 
entries for several long files of publications of Scientific socie- 
ties completed in recent years have been printed. 

Five incunabula added during the year have been cata- 
logued and reported to the editor of the Census of Fifteenth 
Century Books owned in the United States. Only two of 
them were received, however, in time to be included in the 
main list. Much to my regret it was impossible for me to 
continue the proofreading of the "Census" owing to the in- 
crease of work due to the loss of experienced cataloguers. 

Publication of the second edition of the List of Subject 
headings is making very satisfactory progress. Letters 
A-M in six sections have been printed and are in distribu- 
tion. Letters N-S are in press, and T-Z ready for the 
printer. Three hundred copies of the list of headings on the 
European war were separately reprinted. A guide to the 



74 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

cataloguing of the publications of societies and institutions 
has been prepared by Miss Pierson and is in press. It forms 
a companion to the Guide to the Cataloguing of Periodicals, 
of which two editions were published in the course of the 
preceding year. Preparation of the manual of rules for fil- 
ing proceeds at intervals of other work, and it is hoped that 
the manual may be ready for printing before the end of the 
calendar year. Owing to the absence of Miss Alida M. 
Stephens, who is abroad in the A. L. A. War Service as cat- 
aloguer in charge at the Central Library, Paris, the publi- 
cation of the List of American Doctoral Dissertations which 
she had been preparing annually for printing has been de- 
ferred until her return at the expiration of the year (Oct. i , 
1919). In case of extension, of her absence the material for 
the years 1917 and 1918 which is being collected may be 
placed in the hands of another assistant to be arranged for 
printing, so that the publication will not be further delayed. 
Although the year covered by this report ends with June 
30, I can not omit to mention the death which occurred but 
a few days later, on July n, of Marguerite C. Wright, one of 
the members of the Catalogue Division. Miss Wright 
entered the service of the Library in 1908. For many 
years she had rendered valuable services as a cataloguer. 
Her loss is deeply regretted by her associates, by whom she 
was respected as a worker and greatly liked personally. 

CLASSIFICATION 
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Perley) 

The number of volumes classified and prepared for the 
shelves during the fiscal year 1918-19 was 79,071, of 
which 58,539 were new accessions and 20,532 were reclassi- 
fied, including 2,646 transfers. The number of volumes 
shelflisted was 73,668, of which 55,782 were new accessions. 
These figures do not include approximately 10,000 volumes 
in Religion, which have been classified but not yet shelf- 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



75 



listed. For the year preceding the number of volumes 
classified and shelved was 74,525, of which 57,656 were new 
accessions and 16,869 were reclassified, including 2,732 
transfers. 

The statistics by classes follow: 

classificatio n Sum. marv 





Volumes and pamphlets 


Cards 


Acces- 
sions 


Reclas- 
sified 


Total 


A: Poly?raphy (collections, en- 
cyclopedias, etc.). 
B-BJ' Philosophy 


1.641 
Si8 

6.799 

706 
8,3 33 

881 


364 

n 

7 
3 


1. 116 

5>396 

3.769 
881 

.:. 

I,S02 

2,261 
1,666 
1,957 
3,826 


Stac"* lists: 
Printed, 3 

P r e 1 i m i nary, 

* 

HstK 

Printed, 37,529. 


BL-BX Rent-ion 


C History (auxiliary sciences) . 


D: History (except America) 


G: Geography-Anthropology 








X: Fine arts 


6.674 


3.3So 
6 


P: Literature and language 
PZ: Fiction 


Q: Science 
R: Medicine 
S: Agriculture ... 
T: Technology 


650 


i 




X: (classification undetermined) 
Z: Bibliography 


Semitic collection 
Chapter 38: Literary history . 
Transfers 






1.300 
356 


17,886 


73-668 
1,300 

2,646 

I. ICI 


3.646 


Old classification i. TOT 








58,539 







* Estimated. 



76 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The portion of the Library now classified under the new 
classification contains, in round numbers, 1,780,500 vol- 
umes, distributed as follows: Class A (Polygraphy), 93,500; 
B-BJ (Philosophy), 19,000; BL-BX (Religion), 39,000; 
C-D (History, exclusive of America), 156,000; E-F (Amer- 
ica), 140,500; G (Geography), 28,500; H-J (Social and 
political sciences), 415,500; L (Education), 74,500; M 
(Music), 31,500; N (Fine Arts), 39,500; P (Language and 
literature), 161,500; PZ (Fiction in English), 63,500; 
Q (Science), 153,500; R (Medicine), 56,000; S (Agriculture), 
63,500; T (Technology), 113,500; U (Military science), 
25,000; V (Naval science) , 19,500; Z (Bibliography), 87,000; 
Incunabula, etc., 500. 

While the work of the Classification Division has suf- 
fered many interruptions during the past year from sick- 
ness, resignations, and library war service, the regular work 
of the division has been kept up and a great deal accom- 
plished in reclassif ying and shelf -listing Religion and Classical 
literature. In the Classics Dr. Konig has nearly com- 
pleted the reclassification of Greek literature and has 
finished the collections in Latin literature. The individual 
authors in Latin literature will be taken up for reclassifi- 
cation in the very near future. In Religion much remains 
to be done but each day sees substantial progress as all 
new material is now being classified by the new system 
and the old classes are being reclassified as rapidly as 
possible, while the diminished accessions due to war time 
conditions still prevail. 

No new publications have been issued by the division 
during the year, but a new edition of Class H, Social 
Sciences, is in preparation and will be ready for printing 
about January i, 1920. This new edition will embody 
the many additions that have been made since its first 
printing in 1910, changes necessitated by new legislation, 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 77 

as well as many minor changes and notes which have 
been developed in ten years of daily application. 

Considerable time has been spent by the classifiers in 
assisting in the revision of the list of Subject Headings 
now in progress, with classification notes affixed when 
practicable. In addition to revising the subject headings 
such a list applies a rather severe test to the classification 
schemes and has enabled us in many cases to improve 
our schemes and remove inconsistencies of treatment. 

In regard to the personnel of the division our greatest 
loss is Miss Nellie B. Brown who resigned in June, 1919, 
to enter the Library of the Carnegie Peace Foundation. 
Miss Brown's abilities, large experience, and fine personal 
qualities made her a very valuable and irreplaceable 
assistant whose departure is much regretted by all her 
associates. 

CARD DIVISION 
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Hastings) 

During the year the number of subscribers to the 
printed cards has increased from 2,634 to 2 >^93- 

The cash sale of cards, including subscriptions to proof- 
sheets amounted to $73,324.98. The increase over the 
sale for 1917-18 was about 8 per cent. 

The sale of cards to the libraries of the departments 
of the United States Government, paid fo, by transfer 
of credits, amounted to 81,668.24. 

Cards for about 34,000 different titles were added to the 
stock during the year, including about 4,400 cards printed 
for libraries in the District of Columbia and about 2,200 
printed for other cooperating libraries. 

The whole number of different titles represented in the 
stock on June 30, 1918, was approximately 789,000 cards. 
The average stock of each card is estimated at 75 copies, 
making the total number of cards in stock about 60,000,000. 



78 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

A depository set has been assigned -to the University 
of Jerusalem. The cards for this set are now being with- 
drawn from stock and will be shipped in August of 1919. 
The full list of depositories is given on page 79. A partial 
depository set containing about 30,000 cards has been 
assigned to the U. S. Public Health Service. The full 
list of partial depositories is given on page 80. 

Several of the Bulletins have been reprinted with revi- 
sions but no new publications have been issued. 

During the first half of the year, I had charge of the 
work of ordering books for the A. L,. A. War Service. The 
volume and urgency of the work was so great that it took 
more time than anticipated. Many items of administra- 
tive work in the Card Division had to be deferred. These 
deferred items, with the usual routine work, have occupied 
my time during the latter half of the year to the exclusion 
of any new undertakings looking to the expansion or 
improvement of the card distribution service. 

This division continued through the year to supply 
gratis the cards needed at the camp libraries, in the over- 
seas service, and in the offices of the A. L. A. War Service 
in the Library of Congress. 

In addition, assistants from this division were frequently 
called upon for emergency help in the A. L. A. War Service 
work. Overtime work put in by these assistants was 
paid for from War Service funds but much work done 
during hours went as a contribution to the cause. 

During the first half of the year we experienced great 
difficulty in keeping in the service enough boys and young 
men to draw the cards from stock. Much of the work was 
done by schoolboys working evenings. Women were 
tried on this work, but proved unsatisfactory, because of 
the physical exertion required. In spite of all efforts and 
experiments to the contrary, orders by series and subject 
that could wait continued to accumulate until after the 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 79 

armistice was signed and some of our former assistants, 
released from military duties, returned to the service. 
Arrears have now been overcome and at the close of the 
year all classes of orders were strictly up to date. 

Owing chiefly to the high cost and relative inefficiency 
of our messenger help, it was necessary to obtain a defi- 
ciency appropriation of $2,000. 

The number of depositories on June 30, 1919 was 49. 
The proofsheet depositories (those having sets consisting 
mostly of slips clipped from proofsheets) are distinguished 
by asterisks. 

American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. 

Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Me. 

Brooklyn Public Library, Brooklyn, X. Y. 

Brown University Library, Providence, R. I. 

Buffalo Public Library, Buffalo, X. Y. 

California State Library, Sacramento, Calif. 

California L'niversity Library, Berkeley, Calif. 

Chicago University Library, Chicago, 111. 

Cincinnati Public Library, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Cleveland Public Library, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Columbia University Library, Xew York City 

Conncticut State Library, Hartford, Conn. 

Cornell University Library. Ithaca, X. Y. 
*Dartmouth College Library, Hanover, X. H. 

Harvard University Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Illinois L'niversity Library, Urbana, 111. 

Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Institut International de Bibliographic, Brussels, Belgium. 

Iowa State University Library, Iowa City, Iowa. 

Jerusalem University, Jerusalem, Palestine. 

John Crerar Library, Chicago, 111. 

Johns Hopkins University Library, Baltimore, Md. 

Kansas State Historical Society Library, Topeka, Kans. 
*Kyoto University Library, Kyoto, Japan. 
*Leland Stanford Junior University Library. Stanford University, 

Calif. 
*Los Angeles Public Library, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Louisville Public Library, Louisville, Ky. 

McGill University Library, Montreal, Canada. 

Massachusetts State Library, Boston, Mass. 

Michigan University Library, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Minnesota L'niversity Library, Minneapolis, Minn. 
*Missouri L'niversity Library, Columbia, Mo. 

Nebraska L'niversity Library, Lincoln, Xebr. 



8o Report of the Librarian of Congress 

New York Public Library, New York City. 

New York State Library, Albany, N. Y. 

Northwestern University Library, Evanston, 111. 

Pennsylvania University Library, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Philadelphia Free Library, Philadelphia, Pa. 
* Philippine Library, Manila, P. I. 

Pittsburgh Carnegie Library, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Princeton University Library, Princeton, N. J. 

St. Louis Public Library, St. Louis, Mo. 

Seattle Public Library, Seattle, Wash. 

Syracuse L T niversity Library, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Texas LTniversity Library, Austin, Texas. 

Virginia State Library, Richmond, Ya. 
*Wesleyan University Library, Middletown, Conn. 

Wisconsin State Historical Society, Madison, Wis. 

Yale University Library, New Haven, Con:i. 

Partial depository sets have been assigned during the 
year to libraries of the United States Government as fol- 
lows, those having dictionary sets, instead of author sets, 
being distinguished by asterisks: 

Army War College. 

Bureau of Animal Industry. 
*Bureau of Education. 

Bureau of Entomology. 

Bureau of Fisheries. 
*Burcau of Mines. 

Bureau of Pensions. 

Bureau of Plant Industry. 

Bureau of Plant Industry, Economic and Systematic Botany. 

Bureau of Science (Manila, P. I.). 

Civil Service Commission. 

Coast and Goedetic Survey. 

Coast Artillery School. 
^Department of Agriculture. 
^Department of Labor. 

Department of Commerce. 

Department of State. 

District Forester's Office, Lo^an, Utah. 

Engineer School. 

Federal Trade Commission. 
*Geological Survey. 

Government Hospital for the Insane. 

Hydrographic Office. 

International High Commission. 

Interstate Commerce Commission. 

Military Academy, West Point. 



Report of the Librarian of Congrcs ' 



81 



.itional Bureau of Standards. 
^National Museum. 
Xaval Academy. 
Xaval Observatory. 
Xaval War College. 
Xavy General Board. 
Xavy Medical School. 
Office of Grain Standardization. 
Pan-American Union. 
Patent Office. 
Public Health Service. 
Shipping Board. 
Surgeon General's Office. 
Treasury Department. 
Weather Bureau. 

PUBLICATION'S 

(From the report of the Chief of the Order and Publications Division) 
The following table exhibits the comparative statistics 
of the distribution of publications of the Library of Con- 
gress for the past three fiscal years. 





1916-17 


1917-18 


1318-19 


New publications 


a 2 - 


a 2^ 


b ->2 


Reprints 


I 


I 


j 










Administrative and special distribu- 
tion through the Library of Congress . 
Distribution through the office of the 
Superintendent of Documents 
Distribution through the Bureau of 
International Exchanges 


3- 253 

25. 120 

i, oor 


3,336 
22,043 
2. .126 


3,78i 
18, 510 

I COJ 


Distribution to A. L. A., June, 191- 


7.00 














Total number of publications 
distributed. ... 


?O, ^TJ. 


27, 80? 


2 ; SOA 


Publications correspondence 


8;8 


I 100 


777 


Sold by the Superintendent of Docu- 
ments (pieces) 


c T,6, 811 


c 26, o?6 


I, 689 


Received by the Superintendent for 
sales ... 


^I. 11 7 OC 




Si 062 61 











a Includes separate numbers of State publications (monthly list). 

* Includes separate numbers of subject headings and State publications (monthly list) . 

f Includes copyright publications. 



82 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The publications of the Library during the past year have 
been as follows : 
Administrative : 

Report of the Librarian of Congress for the fiscal year 
ending June 30, 1918. 1918. 191 p. Plates. 25 
cm. Cloth, 40 cents. 

Information for readers in the main Reading Room. 
1919. 1 6 p. Plates. 21 cm. 

List of books in embossed type in the Room for the 

Blind. 1918. 90 p. 20 cm. 
Bibliography Division : 

European war literature. A check list of the litera- 
ture and other material in the Library of Congress 
on the European war; comp. under the direction of 
H. H. B. Meyer, Chief Bibliographer, with the coop- 
eration of members of the Library staff. 1918. 
293 p. 2$/4 cm. Paper, 30 cents. 

Monroe doctrine. List of references on the Monroe 
doctrine; comp. under the direction of H. H. B. 
Meyer, Chief Bibliographer. 1919. 122 p. 25^cm. 
Paper, 15 cents. 

Reconstruction. Select list of references on economic 
reconstruction including reports of the British Ministry 
of Reconstruction; comp. under the direction of 
H. H. B. Meyer, Chief Bibliographer. 1919. 47 p. 
25K cm. Paper, 10 cents. 
Reprints : 

European Crisis of 1914. List of references on Europe 
and International politics in relation to the present 
issues; comp. under the direction of H. H. B. Meyer, 
Chief Bibliographer, 1914. 144 p. 25^ cm. Paper, 
15 cents. 
Catalogue Division: 

Subject Headings. [Subject headings used in the 
dictionary catalogs of the Library of Congress, 2d 
ed.] A-M; N-S (in press); T-Z (ready for the press). 

European war. Preliminary list of subject headings. 
1919. 8 p. 23 cm. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 83 

Document Division : 

Monthly list of State publications. June-Dec., 1918; 

Jan.- Apr., 1919. Paper, 50 cents a year. 
Manuscript Division: 

Personal papers. Check list of collections of personal 
papers in historical societies, university and public 
libraries, and other learned institutions in the United 
States. 1918. 87 p. 23K cm. Cloth, 30 cents. 
Map Division: 

"War maps. A list of atlases and maps applicable to 
the world war; comp. under the direction of P. L. 
Phillips, Chief, Division of Maps. 1918. 202 p. 
26 cm. Cloth, 50 cents. 

The foregoing statistics do not include the following pub- 
lications still in press: 

List of references on shipping and shipbuilding. 

List of references on dye stuffs. 

List of references on the treaty making power. 

List of geographical atlases, -> 

List of Washington papers from the beginning to June 15, 1775. 

American and English genealogies. :?d. ed. 

Among the comments upon the year's issues were the 
following regarding the "Checklist of literature and other 
material in the Library of Congress on the European war:" 
From W. T. Lange, compiler, "Books on the Great \Yar," 
in a letter dated February 15, 1919: 

... It is a most valuable and distinctly useful addition to war- 
bibliography, which I am glad to possess. 

From Joseph F. Daniels, librarian, Riverside Public 
Library, Riverside, Calif., in a letter dated November 19, 
1918: 

I am particularly moved to write you a word of thanks for a very 
good checklist on the European War just received. It is so much 
more comprehensive and thorough in its title-a-line form than anything 
that could possibly be put out anywhere else that a word of apprecia- 
tion should be sent to Dr. Putnam and to you. We take the work of 
the Library of Congress so much for granted that we sometimes forget 
that work is work and that the excellent results which you achieve 
are due to skill and hard work. 



84 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The following concerning the "List of atlases and maps 
applicable to the world war" were received: From General 
George B. Duncan, headquarters, Camp Merritt, N. J. 
June 9, 1919: 

... It is a very important and useful compilation, and gives 
readily at hand information which all students of our operations will 
need when they want to refer to proper maps. . . . 

From General J. L. Chamberlain, Inspector General, 
War Department, May 6, 1919: 

. . . It is a valuable contribution to those who may desire to make 
a study of any special features of this war. 

From Edwin Wiley, U. S. Naval War College, Newport, 
R. I., October 17, 1918, concerning the "Checklist of 
collections of personal papers in historical societies, uni- 
versity and public libraries, and other learned institutions 
in the United States:" 

... I am delighted to see this splendid piece of work completed. 
The compilation will be a boon to all historical workers. 

From The American Historical Review, October, 1918, 
page 170: 

The Library of Congress has published a Checklist of Collections 
of Personal Papers possessed by historical societies, university and 
public libraries, and other learned institutions in the United States. 
This publication . . . furnishes useful guidance to an extraordinary 
variety of manuscript materials for American history. 

DIVISION OF BIBLIOGRAPHY 
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Meyer) 

The influence of the European war on the work of the 
division was even more potent during the past year than 
any previous time. For four months the chief of the 
division was away on war duty in connection with the 
Library war service of the American Library Association: 
three months (September-November, 1918) as camp libra- 
rian at Camp Meade, and one month (February to March 
10) as transport librarian on the transport Mongolia. The 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 85 

most serious handicap was in the lack of adequate steno- 
graphic service. The salary which we have available will 
not secure and retain an expert stenographer and type- 
writer such as we need. When we did secure one it was 
only for a short period, for she invariably passed on to a 
position offering from $500 to $700 more than we could 
offer. This means that for all except the simplest mem- 
oranda I and my two chief assistants must prepare long- 
hand copy to be turned into typewriting. Of course this 
handicap is reflected in a diminished output of memoranda 
prepared 9.3 per cent less than in the previous year. We 
are no stronger than our weakest element and can move 
no faster than our slowest unit. Our inability to get our 
results into final shape vitiates the work of the whole divi- 
sion and lessens the output of every member of the staff. 

Our output was largely of a kind which falls easily under 
the heading war sen-ice. In fact we continued this year 
the policy of treating preferentially questions relating to 
the conduct of the war. Until the end of September part 
of the division continued to act as an Order division for 
documents needed at the camp libraries conducted by 
the Library War Service of the A. L. A. Since the armis- 
tice the character of our output has gradually changed 
from war work to reconstruction work and our reference 
lists for the last half of the year shows this very clearly. 
I omit an enumeration of these, as they are now currently 
noted in the Bulletin of the Public Affairs Information 
Service. 

Our compilations consisted of 109 typewritten lists of 
628 pages and 22 mimeographed lists of 260 pages and in 
addition the following printed or in press: 

Printed : 

vSelect list of references on Economic reconstruction, including 
reports of the British Ministry of reconstruction. Comp. under 
the direction of Herman H. B. Meyer, Chief Bibliographer. 
1919. 47 p. 25 cm. Price 10 cents. 



86 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

List of references on the Monroe doctrine. Comp. under the 
direction of Herman H. B. Meyer, Chief Bibliographer. 1919. 
122 p. 2514" cm. Price 15 cents. 

List of references on the Panama canal and the Panama Canal 
Zone. Prepared under the direction of H. H. B. Meyer, Chief 
Bibliographer, Library of Congress. 1919. 21 p. 29^ cm. 
Published by the Panama Canal Office, Washington. Price 
5 cents. 
In press : 

List of references on Dyestuffs. 

List of references on Shipping and Shipbuilding. 

List of references on the Treaty-making power. 

The "Check list of the literature and other material in 
the Library of Congress on the European War" proved 
one of the most popular publications of the Library of 
Congress, in that it represents the most extensive list of 
war literature undertaken in the United States. A sup- 
plementary edition of 500 copies was called for to meet the 
continued demand. We have enough material accumu- 
lated to print a supplement as large as the original volume. 
After briefly reviewing the war collection of the Library 
of Congress before the College and reference section of 
the A. L. A at the Asbury Park Conference, the hope was 
widely expressed that such a supplement would be issued, 
and subsequently when the recent acquisitions are cata- 
logued that a comprehensive classified catalogue would 
be printed. 

SMITHSONIAN DEPOSIT 

(From the reports of the Custodian, Mr. Brockett, and of the assistant 
in charge, Mr. Parsons) 

From July to December, 1918, the activities of the division 
were mostly confined to questions relating either directly 
or indirectly to the war the Army and the Navy, their 
munitions, equipments, etc. From October 4 to October 
30 the library building was closed to the general public on 
account of the prevalence of the "influenza," thus confin- 
ing our work to purely Government business. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 87 

The latter portion of the year the inquiries fell more to 
commercial and industrial matters. From December to 
June, owing to the consolidation or discontinuance of many 
of the war bureaus in this city, we have received much ma- 
terial in the way of pamphlets and publications which had 
been collected by them and for which they had no further 
use. Some of these we can utilize in our collection, but the 
process of ascertaining the desirable ones had added much 
to our labor. 

The listing of the unbound material on our shelves was 
resumed the Swiss publications being arranged and want 
cards sent the Smithsonian for parts needed to complete 
imperfect volumes. The usual circulation through the 
Reading Room calls and the inter-library loan has been 
maintained so far as practicable, and the personal demands 
for books and information from this collection has been 
constant. Among the topics involved were: General 
Science, Astronomy, Mathematics, Chemistry Gas, Dyes, 
Borax, Potash, Fluorine, Manitol, Prices of Chemicals 
abroad, Biological Chemistry, Physics, Electrics, Torsion, 
Radio, Seismology, Natural History, Botany, -Technology, 
Engineering, Russian Technology, Industrial and Engineer- 
ing Chemistry, Illuminating Engineering, Metallurgy, Xaval 
Engineering, Photography, Artillery, Refrigerating, Medical, 
Red Cross work, Anthropology, Biography, Employment, 
Proportional Representation, State Bankers' Associations, 
National Association Corporation Schools, International 
Congresses. 

The alcoves which are assigned for the use of students 
have been occupied almost continuously during the year 
and frequently more room could have been used to advan- 
tage. The Smithsonian has continued to supply many vol- 
umes to fill in gaps in imperfect sets, as well as keeping up 
current publications. Among those received were about 

140387 19 7 



88 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

one hundred volumes of photographic serials, which contain 
much early history of popular photography both in this 
country and in Europe. Mr. Brockett will supply further 
statistics. 

Lists are being made to show the numbers, volumes, 
etc., which we have failed to receive, I9i3-date, owing to 
the war conditions. These are needed in checking up our 
bills, also for future action to obtain complete sets. 

The collection of duplicates is growing rapidly and soon 
the shelves occupied by them will be needed for other uses. 

The Catalogue Division has continued the recataloguing 
of the sets in the Science section, and has prepared entries 
for printing through class Q44- (Austria-Hungary) This 
work makes accessible to the public much of value which 
was heretofore difficult to find. Among the long sets for 
which new cards have been printed are the following: 

Publications of the K. Gesellschaft der wissenschaften 

zu Gottingen, including Gottingische gelehrte anzei- 

gen about 600 vols. 

Publications of the Deutsche physikalische gesdlschaft, 

including Fortschritte der physik about 160 vols. 

Publications of the Senckenbergische naturforschende 

gesellschaft, Frankfort am Main about 100 vols. 

Journal of the Franklin institute, Philadelphia about 

400 vols. in the two sets. (One of the oldest technical 

publications in the United States.) 

Twelve hundred and nineteen volumes have been com- 
pleted during the year. The number bound (viz, 1799) is 
about the same as last year, but the percentage of those re- 
bound has increased. The buckram binding has been sub- 
stituted for many sets heretofore bound in leather, and new 
sets are mostly started in it as experience has proved it to 
be both economical and desirable. 

In closing this annual report I feel that it is proper to 
record the deaths while serving with the American Expedi- 
tionary Force in Europe of former employees of this divi- 
sion. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 89 

In November the news was received that Corporal Charles 
E. Chambers, of Company C, 312 Machine Gun Battalion, 
died in a hospital in France from pneumonia contracted 
in the trenches at the battle front. Mr. Chambers served 
in this division from i3th October, 1908, to 8th October, 
1917, when he joined the colors. He was a faithful, earnest 
worker, loved by those who knew him, and one whom it is a 
pleasure to remember as a friend. 

Lieutenant Louis H. Bayly, of the Quartermaster's De- 
partment, United States Army, died March 4, 1919, in 
Fiance, from pneumonia. His superiors in the Army have 
testified to the value of his services in the Army. Mr. Bayly 
seived in this division in 1911 from February to August, 
when he resigned to enter a business house in this city. 
His many friends speak for his deserved popularity and 
mourn his early death. 

Mr. Biockett's report shows that there were transmitted 
from the Smithsonian Institution to the Smithsonian De- 
posit during the yeai i ,883 complete volumes, 242 parts of 
volumes, 348 pamphlets, and 87 charts. 

The number of Government documents sent to the Li- 
brary of Congress, in accordance with the established prac- 
tice, without being stamped, amounted to 5,721, as com- 
pared to 3,442 during the previous year an increase of 
2,279. 

READING ROOM SERVICE 

(From the report of the Superintendent, Mr. Ashley) 
The problem of maintaining effective service in the main 
Reading Room in the face of constant changes in the per- 
sonnel of the staff has continued to be most serious. During 
the past twelve months this division alone has suffered the 
loss of 33 assistants, 4 through induction into military sen-- 
ice, 13 on account of considerably higher salaries offered 
elsewhere, 10 through changes in the assistants' own personal 
plans, i through ill health, i by death, and 4 displaced to 
make room for returning soldiers. 



90 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The 13 assistants who left us for better salaries elsewhere 
included 1 2 whose services were worth more to us than we 
could pay, of whom 6 were reference assistants (men) and 3 
were very competent young women employed in tasks re- 
quiring special qualifications. Of the 13, over half had 
university training. 

Since the war began the Reading Room has lost 77 assist- 
ants (a "labor turnover" of over no per cent) including 
1 6 reference assistants, 37 deck attendants, and 4 others 
whose duties required special qualifications and considerable 
experience in this library. Of these, 26 had either univer- 
sity or professional school training. Military or naval 
service absorbed 27 of them, higher salaries attracted 29; 
only 2 1 left us through the operation of such causes as may 
normally be expected to deplete all governmental staffs 
(alterations of personal plans 10, transfers 2, dismissals 
and displacements 6, impaired health or death 3). The 
extraordinary drain of military service will no longer operate 
against us, but until an adequate scale of salaries is provided 
by Congress for the higher grades of library assistants, the 
problem of effective service will remain insoluble. Such 
increases in basic salaries as have been granted in recent 
years have been for the most part in favor of those whose 
duties are chiefly mechanical. Assistants who are expected 
to possess a liberal education, wide acquaintance with litera- 
ture, special training in the use of reference books of all 
kinds, who are called upon to produce without delay 
specific information upon manifold topics of the most diverse 
variety, and to be devoted, alert, and untiring, have been 
left after years of service to live upon wages that a roustabout 
would deride. 

Another pressing problem not to be solved without a 
considerable outlay is the congestion of printed material on 
the shelves, now acute in certain sections of the classified 
collections, The certainty that under the most favorable 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 91 

circumstances possible it will be several years before addi- 
tional stack room can be provided makes this matter 
one of veiy serious import. Estimates made during the 
planning and construction of the building as to the length of 
time for which the shelf space provided would be adequate 
could not have contemplated the tremendous increase in 
the rate of the Library's growth, due to increased funds 
and increase in the world's yearly output of important litera- 
ture indispensable to any great library. Nor did they con- 
template such space-consumimg activities within the build- 
ing as card distribution, branch printing office and branch 
bindery. . 

At the close of the Library's first century the collections 
numbered about 1,000,000 volumes. In the next 12 years 
(1901-1912) the collections doubled. In the first 19 years 
of the present century about 1,700,000 volumes have been 
added about 90,000 volumes yearly. But in the pentad 
immediately preceding the European War (1910-1914) 
550,624 volumes were added 110,000 volumes yearly. 
The maintenance of this rate would again double the col- 
lections in the next 25 years. War-time production and 
transportation conditions reduced the average but the war 
itself will add enormously to the world's literatures and as 
soon as ocean transportation regains its norm we shall be 
heavily taxed to shelve the inevitably great increases. 

We are already taxed to find room for the current acces- 
sions in the fields of philosophy, religion, history, biography, 
travel, description, social and political sciences, documentary 
serials and bibliography. 

Economic administration requires that all the material 
on a given subject shall be shelved together, so that the 
investigator may find assembled in one place the library's 
resources in this subject, and the attendant may not need 
to go to many widely separated places to find the books 
wanted by a single reader. But unless ample space be left 



92 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

for the addition of new books on the subject, either the 
scheme of arrangement by subjects must be abandoned 
when the shelf is filled or constant and extensive shifting 
of books will be required. Furthermore, it is difficult to 
estimate the probable relative growth of literature in 
various fields. No one could have foreseen, six years ago, 
the enormous quantity of printed matter on Europe that has 
come from the press since 1914 and that will continue to 
be issued for many years to come. No one could have foreseen 
that Russia would occupy so much more space on library 
shelves. Moreover, entirely new subjects spring into ex- 
istence with the progress of discovery, invention, and 
evolution. Ten years ago the literatures of aviation, sub- 
marine warfare, radio-activity, to name but a few striking 
examples, were inconsiderable compared with the present; 
the literature of Bolshevism was unheard of. 

The foregoing statements may aid perhaps in making 
clearer how the present congestion in many places in the 
Library has come to pass within a few years. Before a 
new stack can be completed the crowded conditions of 
the old library in the Capitol will be repeated here, if the 
Library is to keep pace with the published records of human 
achievement and thought. 

The Library was closed to the general public from October 
4 to October 30, 1918, on account of the epidemic of in- 
fluenza then prevailing. 

ROOM AND WORK FOR THE BLIND 
(From the report of the Assistant in Charge, Mrs. Rider) 
The year was one of exceptional activity. 
With war-blindness came need for reading matter in the 
lately adopted uniform type. As a matter of course, blinded 
soldiers and sailors were taught the new official system of 
raised print. Practically no books had yet been embossed 
in it. Transition to the new type was scarcely begun. We 
therefore gave attention to the production of books wanted. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 93 

Hundreds of men and women volunteered to copy into 
Braille any reading for the soldier blind. Transcribing 
was being done in England and France. It promised 
something needed here, and not otherwise provided for. 
Believing it a legitimate and after-war measure, we under- 
took to train volunteers to write Braille and transcribe 
reading matter for the war-blind. Individuals were taught ; 
Braille clubs and classes were organized under Red Cross 
chapters, in high schools, women's leagues for national de- 
fense, etc., in more than half the states of the union. In 
Washington a most successful class was organized by Miss 
Mabel T. Boardman from members of the clerical corps of 
the District of Columbia chapter, American Red Cross. 

Transcribing became popular and work in connection with 
it grew rapidly. Desiring to facilitate its progress, the 
Red Cross Institute for the Blind provided a secretary 
to aid us. 

High standards were maintained in order that the hand- 
copied work should be accurately done. All manuscripts 
were proof-read by blind experts. Certificates were given 
to transcribers who passed examinations and copied not 
less than 50 pages of satisfactory Braille. 

The result of this work has more than justified the under- 
taking. During the reconstruction period and the transi- 
tion to a uniform type, the machine has been advantage- 
ously supplemented by the working hand. 

Whereas the presses produced during the year a total of 
20 titles in Revised Braille, Grade One and a Half, for 
adult readers, volunteer workers during the same period 
transcribed 195 titles, comprising 10,000 pages. These 
include stories of humor, travel and adventure, mystery 
and detective stories, poetry, current magazine articles, etc. 

All materials used were provided by the copyists them- 
selves, or by the units with which they worked. 



94 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Slates for writing Braille, perfected by the Perkins Insti- 
tution, were manufactured by them in large numbers to 
meet the demand of transcribers. 

Workers who begin to do something for the war-blind 
in the end become interested in all blind. Widespread 
good to the cause of the blind will result from this volunteer 
movement. It is already felt by those working on their 
behalf. 

Vocational texts and other material of which a number 
of copies are required could not well be made by hand. 

The Library War Service of the American Library As- 
sociation has undertaken to provide the most needed of these. 
Fourteen selected titles are being brailled, among them 
texts on poultry raising and massage. Plans are going for- 
ward for the embossing of other books. Authors, pub- 
lishers, and friends are being solicited to cooperate in financ- 
ing further productions. Mrs. Jack London consents to meet 
the cost of embossing one of Mr. London's well-known 
stories. By direction of Mr. Irvin Cobb, "Speaking of 
Operations" is being brailled at his expense. Zane Grey 
promises one of his Western stories. 

In its endeavors on behalf of the war-blind the Library 
War Service is also conferring an advantage upon thousands 
of civilian blind readers. At the small cost of printing ad- 
ditional copies, these books will be available to libraries, 
schools, and individuals. 

Braille printing can never be put on a commercial basis. 
Large gifts and grants of money are needed. 

The war has crystallized the sense of obligation to the 
handicapped. We therefore confidently expect recognition 
of the needs of the blind for a larger and more varied litera- 
ture. 

The year's circulation of embossed books reached a higher 
total than ever before, and the number of borrowers increased 
27 per cent. Braille book circulation more than doubled, 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 95 

and Braille magazine circulation grew rapidly. There was 
somewhat less demand for New York Point than formerly. 
Nevertheless, books in Point and American Braille will 
continue to be much read for some years, as many old 
readers will never change to the new type. 

Moon circulation dropped 20 per cent, due to extended 
delay in securing from England copies of recent publications. 
Books in Moon type are increasingly valuable. Elderly 
blind learn this system readily. It trains the ringers and 
reestablishes confidence, so that not infrequently a reader 
is enabledrto proceed with Braille. 

Accessions numbered 732, about half of them being books 
in English Braille. The new titles include books of science, 
history, and literature, considerable standard fiction, and 
and a number of European war titles. 

In July, 1918, trustees of the American Printing House 
for the Blind decided that all future stereographing done 
from federal funds should be in the uniform type. 

A complete list of bibliograhical data on all embossed 
publications in Revised Braille, Grade One and a Half, will 
be issued from time to time by the Committee on Work for 
the Blind of the American Library Association. 

The classified rinding list has proven invaluable. Supple- 
mentary typewritten lists of new books are issued period- 
ically. 

Entertainments customarily given for the blind during 
the winter and spring were omitted this year owing to the 
influenza epidemic. 

[NOTE BY LIBRARIAN. Mrs. Rider's activities during the year have 
included membership in various committees of the American and 
of the District of Columbia Associations of Workers for the Blind, and 
of the American Library Association. She has been the Directing 
Librarian of the Red Cross Institute for the Blind; and she attends, as 
of course, the important meetings concerned with the work for the 
Blind.] 



96 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

LEGISLATIVE REFERENCE SERVICE 

(From the report of the Director, Mr. Thompson, Law Librarian) 
Digest of bins The mos t noteworthy development of the Legislative 
Reference Service during the year was the inauguration of 
the preparation of digests of general public bills reported 
from Senate committees from the beginning of the ist 
session of the Sixty-sixth Congress. Last January it was 
suggested by two Senators that such digests if furnished 
promptly after report on the following day, whenever 
possible would be of great assistance to Members when 
the bills came up for consideration in the Senate. The 
plan proposed was that the digest should show briefly 
new provisions of law, amendments and repeals of exist- 
ing law, and changes in the bill recommended by the com- 
mittee which reported it. As this is clearly within the 
scope of the service as denned by the terms of the ap- 
propriation for "Legislative Reference" the suggestion 
was heartily welcomed and it was agreed to undertake 
the work, if the necessary funds were provided. By 
request an estimate of the additional appropriation re- 
quired was prepared, and on the basis of this estimate 
an amendment to the pending legislative, executive, and 
judicial appropriation bill for 1919-20 adding $10,000 to 
the amount reported from the Senate Committee on 
Appropriations was adopted unanimously by the Senate. 
(For debate on the amendment and letter of estimates, 
see Daily Congressional Record, Feb. 3, 1919, pp. 2694- 
2696.) This Senate amendment was agreed to in con- 
ference and the increased appropriation became available 
July i, 1919. However, by reducing expenditures during 
the recess, the balance of the current appropriation when, 
the extra session of the Sixty-sixth Congress convened 
was sufficient to permit the work to be undertaken as soon 
as the Senate committees began to report bills. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 97 

The preparation and delivery of these digests have been 
assigned to the American law section, under the super- 
vision of Mr. Walter H. McClenon, which has the neces- 
sary reference apparatus at hand, particularly the Index 
Digest of the Federal Statutes, which has been kept 
constantly up to date since the establishment of the Legis- 
lative Reference Sen-ice, by inserting index cards for new 
public acts immediately after publication as slip laws. 

The series of digests prepared has included all public 
bills reported by committees of the Senate, with the 
exception of those which were so short and so clearly 
stated as to render digesting unnecessary. The aim is 
to bring out the substance of each bill as concisely as 
possible. As a general rule, each section is analyzed 
separately, a brief heading being prefixed to indicate its 
subject matter. Digest notes of committee amendments 
reported, if any, follow the various sections to which they 
relate. Whenever the effect of a bill would be to amend 
existing law, either expressly or by implication, citations 
of the statutes affected are given and the nature and 
extent of the amendment are indicated in the digest, by 
quoting the exact words added or omitted or substitutions 
of one phrase for another, with a brief explanation of the 
effect of such amendment if needed to make its meaning 
clear, or by placing in parallel columns the provisions of 
existing law and those proposed by the amending bill. 
Appropriation bills are treated in a somewhat different 
style, attention being primarily directed to changes from 
the previous corresponding act, and especially to new 
provisions of general legislation. 

In order to furnish such a digest as promptly as possible 
after the report on the bill has been made, it has been 
found necessary to ascertain from time to time by inquiry 
of the clerks of the various committees what bills are 
actually being taken up for consideration and to prepare 



98 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

in advance preliminary digests of any lengthy bills as 
referred to committee, so that only committee amend- 
ments remain to be treated after report. 

One hundred mimeographed copies of each digest of a 
bill reported to the Senate are delivered to the assistants 
of the Sergeant at Arms on the floor, to be filed by the 
pages according to calendar number in binders, specially 
provided for the purpose, which are kept for reference 
on the desks of Senators. Whenever the digests have not 
been ready for use on the next legislative day after report, 
this has been due occasionally to the unusual length or 
complexity of the bill but more often to the report print 
not being available early enough to enable the digest to 
be completed, mimeographed and filed in the binders 
before the hour of meeting of the Senate. 

Digests for the more important bills reported from 
House committees are also prepared and kept on file to 
be supplied if called for, but no instructions for making 
them generally available to Members have yet been re- 
ceived. Probably the simplest plan in this case would 
be to print the digest as an appendix to the House report 
on the bill and copy for this purpose will be furnished 
whenever any committee requests it. 

In a few cases of bills which have passed one House and 
of others of special importance, a preliminary digest of 
the bill as referred has been supplied for the use of the 
committee having it under consideration. This was not 
contemplated in the original proposal but seems likely to 
prove a serviceable extension of the digest work. 

LEGAL INQUIRIES 

During the year numerous inquiries regarding United 
States laws have been answered with the aid of the Index 
Digest of the Federal Statutes, an indispensible piece of 
apparatus which enables quick response to be made to 
any request for information regarding laws enacted or at 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 99 

present in force on any particular subject, amendments 
or repeals, statutory precedents for proposed legislation, 
etc. In the last annual report it was noted that work 
had been commenced on an index of State legislation for the 
years 1917 and 1918 including all general acts likely to be 
of general interest. This has now been completed and the 
indexing of the 1919 laws is in progress. The additional 
reference apparatus thus provided enables us to furnish 
compilations and digests of State laws in a very much shorter 
time and with greater accuracy than formerly when the 
individual indexes of all volumes of the session laws of the 
several States had to be examined. The index of bills and 
joint resolutions introduced in Congress, and the index of 
foreign legislation in certain official gazettes have been 
continued currently, and with their aid it has been possible 
to reply at once to many inquiries regarding bills pending 
and foreign laws and decrees respectively. 

Over a hundred compilations and digests and special 
memoranda in the field of law have been prepared during 
the year to provide the material needed by members and 
committees in connection with pending legislation. The 
following paragraphs show a selection of the more important 
of these grouped under subject headings: 

War Legislation. Several comprehensive digests of the 
war legislation of the Sixty-fourth and Sixty-fifth Congresses 
were prepared to show special features ; e. g., the war powers 
conferred on the President by statute. The most extensive 
was a study of the duration of the war legislation intended 
to furnish data corresponding to that contained in the report 
of the committee under the British Ministry of Reconstruc- 
tion which investigated the legal interpretation of the term 
"period of the war" [Cd. 9100]. This study was used by 
several committees for different purposes and was printed 
in part in House Report No. 45, Sixty-sixth Congress (pp. 



ioo Report of the Librarian of Congress 

9-12), from the House committee on Interstate and Foreign 
Commerce. 

Taxation. Additional memoranda on war taxation in 
Great Britain, France and Germany to supplement the 
information contained in the two legislative reference docu- 
ments printed by the Ways and Means Committee at the 
close of the previous fiscal year, which were noted in the last 
annual report. A revision of the digest of State inheritance 
tax laws prepared for use in connection with the first war 
revenue bill. Data on taxation of intangible property under 
State laws, 1917-18, and on excise taxes and proposed taxes 
on sales in the Civil War period. Digest of the criticisms 
of the revenue act of 1917 and suggestions for amendments 
and additions contained in the hearings before the Ways 
and Means Committee. 

Military service. Reports on the drafting of young men 
in Great Britain, Canada, France, Germany and Austria- 
Hungary during the European War (printed in the Daily 
Congressional Record, Aug. 24, 1918, pp. 10323-10330) 
and memoranda on the age limits of compulsory military 
service in foreign countries before the war, and in the United 
States during the Civil War period. Legislative history 
of the Selective Service Acts, 1917-18, with respect to ages 
of the men liable to military service. 

Demobilization. Data on demobilization plans in Great 
Britain and Germany. Scale of war gratuities and demobil- 
ization bonuses in Great Britain, Canada and France. 

Courts -martial reform. Administration of military justice 
in Great Britain, France and Germany. Statistics of 
private acts of Congress to correct military records. 

Military expenditures. Digests of United States statutes 
authorizing or making appropriations for investigation of 
expenditures in the executive departments or under the 
War Department only. A classified digest of military 
appropriations during the Sixty-fifth Congress. Data on 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 101 

appropriations for national defense to be expended by the 
President during the war with Spain, 1898. Statute of 
limitations in the case of fraud against the United States 
and acts of Congress suspending it. 

Reconstruction. Employment on public works recon- 
struction plans and projects in Great Britain, France and 
Germany. Land settlement for soldiers and sailors in the 
British Empire, France and Germany. 

Agricultural credit. Data on rural credits in Australia 
and New Zealand, seed grain, fodder and other relief in 
Canada, and bonds for seed grain in South Dakota. 

Government control. Early American legislation regu- 
lating charges for various services to the public. Regulation 
of aerial navigation and wireless telegraphy in Great Britain. 
Government ownership or control of railroads in Belgium, 
France, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Austria-Hungary, 
Japan and Mexico. 

Constitutional law. Power of Congress to give claims 
of the United States priority over mortgages and other liens. 
Power of Congress to impose an. income tax on the salaries 
of the President and Federal judges, and on income arising 
from State offices, securities and other agencies. Ineligi- 
bility of members of the legislature to civil offices in certain 
cases. 

Congress. A study of the problem of changing the dates 
of the beginning and end of the term of the President and 
of Congress, and the date of convening of the regular sessions 
of Congress. Thanks of Congress a list of precedents, 
with references to House rules and United States statutes 
conferring special privileges. Memorandum on the question 
"Can a member of Congress be sued for libel on the basis 
of a communication to a constituent?" 

Judiciary. Salaries of judges in Great Britain, Canada 
and France, and provisions for their superannuation. 



IO2 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

SUBJECT DATA 

(From the report of Mr. Collins, Legislative Assistant) 

Inquiries from Members of Congress during the past year 
in the field of history, economics, statistics, and other sub- 
ject data followed, as usual, the trend of the legislative pro- 
gram before Congress from time to time. There were the 
customary demands for information on commerce and pro- 
duction, historical precedents bearing on particular bills 
and the like. 

Peace Treaty and League of Nations. Special mention may 
be made of the work relating to the Treaty of Peace. This 
included historical data on the personnel of peace commis- 
sions in the past; the relationship of the Senate to such 
commissions; the history of Senate procedure in the matter 
of peace negotiations; precedents on the amendment and 
rejection of treaties by the Senate; discussions on the re- 
spective powers and duties of the Senate and the President 
as regards peace negotiations; discussions on the power of 
the President to appoint peace commissioners; summary 
history of the leading European peace conferences in the 
past; digest of plans for an association of nations for 
universal peace from the earliest time to date; views of 
American statesmen from Jefferson to Roosevelt on the 
Monroe Doctrine; extracts from debates in Congress on the 
Monroe Doctrine at the time of its promulgation ; historical 
data on secret European treaties; tabulation of the popu- 
lation of the various independent peoples or national units 
in the world at the present time; population by races, with 
geographical location, of Armenia, Asia Minor, and the 
German colonies; a digest of the principal points presented 
for and against a League of Nations prior to the first publi- 
cation of the covenant; various views for and against arti- 
cles in the League of Nations covenant; tabulation of the 
powers and duties assigned to the League by the Peace 
Treaty; diplomatic history of the Shantung question; 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 103 

diplomatic and economic history of Japan's relations to 
China since 1914; summary history of Japan's relations to 
Korea; criticisms in the foreign press of the work of the 
Peace Conference; and various other geographical, ethno- 
graphical, economic, diplomatic, and historical questions 
growing out of the discussion of the Treaty of Peace. 

Public finance. In the field of public finance there were 
various requests for statistical data on war expenditures, 
domestic and foreign; on public debts and taxation; on 
loans to foreign governments; data bearing on the Liberty 
loans and the like. 

Budget systems. With the coming of the Sixty-sixth 
Congress there was a renewed demand for information on 
the question of budgetary procedure. These involved a 
description of the financial methods of foreign 'governments 
as well as a history of the movement for a national budget 
system in this country. Particular mention may be made 
of the following memoranda which were furnished : History 
of the procedure of the Ways and Means Committee from 
1789 to 1865; early history of the powers and duties of the 
Secretary of the Treasury and Treasury procedure ; data on 
the various State budget systems; chart and memorandum 
on the British system of the preparation of estimates; 
detailed description of the method of preparation of the 
British estimates; chart and memorandum on the British 
system of national audit; chart and memorandum on the 
preparation of the French budget; chart and memorandum 
on the accounting and auditing of the French budget; 
analysis of the ninth report of the select committee on 
national expenditure, 1918, House of Commons; and a list 
of the committees in Congress having power over the finan- 
cial program. 

140387 19 8 



104 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



Comparative table of legislative reference inquiries for the fiscal years 

1916-1919 





1915-16 


191617 


1917-18 


1918-19 


Total inquiries 


756 








Law inquiries 






40 




Economic, statistical, and historical inquiries 


556 






600 


Answered from data in reference files 










Number nf inqniripsfrn-rn ppnatnrs, 










Number of inquiries from Representatives 




676 






Number of Senators inquiring 


65 


8 7 






Number of Representatives inquiring 
Number of Senators inquiring more than once 
Number of Representatives inquiring more than once . 


i?4 
50 
iS 


224 
41 
132 


172 

5 
8? 


151 

59 
79 



Comparative table of inquiries, by months , for fiscal years 1916-1919 






1915-16 


1916-17 


1917-18 


1918-19 


July 




74 




5 6 


August 


8 


81 


1 08 


67 


September 






81 


64 








60 








18 


36 








83 


69 
































82 




78 


280 


84 


63 


May 


87 




62 




Tune 


64 


148 


62 














Total 


756 


1,280 

















Table of inquiries, during session and recess 1915-1919 



Fiscal year 


Congress in 
session 


Congress not in 
session 


Total 
inquiries 


Days 


Inquiries 


Days 


Inquiries 




92 
213 
243 
33 
279 


203 
671 
i, 105 
944 
802 


273 

152 

122 
62 

86 


66 
8s 
175 
96 
189 


269 
756 
1,280 
1,040 
991 













Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Table of inquiries, by Congress and session 



105 



Congress and session 


Duration 


Number of 
inquiries 


Sixty-third, third 7 






Sixty-fourth, first 






Sxty-f 01 1 rt h s**rnn d 






Sixty-fifth, first 






Sixty-fifth, semnd 




oiS 


Sixty-fifth, third , , , 






Sixty-sixth^ fir<;t. 













To July i, 1919. 

Respectfully submitted 

HERBERT PUTNAM 

Librarian of Congress 
The Honorable 

The PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE 
The Honorable 

The SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 



APPENDICES 



Appendix la. Appropriations and expenditures (tables) 109-111 

Ib. Appropriation acts, 1910-20 113-120 

II. Report of the Register of Copyrights 121-142 

III. Manuscripts and Broadsides: List of Accessions, 

1918-19 - 143-168 

107 



APPENDIX la 
APPROPRIATIONS AND EXPENDITURES, 191&-1919 



Object of appropriation 


Appropriations 


Expended 


Unexpended 


Library and Copyright Office : 
Salaries 
General 


$276, 460. oo 


*$27i,689.6- 


$4, 770. 33 


Sunday 


IO, OOO. OO 


9,975. 25 


24. 75 


Special 


2,000. oo 


i, 983. 31 


16. 69 


Carrier service 


960. oo 


570.83 


389- *7 


Distribution of card 
indexes 


a 50, 2IO. O2 


a *49, 450. 12 


759- 9 


Legislative reference. 
Copyright Office 


30, ooo. oo 
104, 740. oo 


* 29, 437. 67 
*io^, =508. so 


5 2 - 33 
i, 141. 50 


Increase of Library 




c oo ooo oo 




Purchase of periodi- 
cals 


5 ooo. oo 


^ ?, ooo. oo 






t i ooo oo 


d i ooo oo 




Contingent expenses . 


6 8, 68?. oo 


& 7, 078. oo 


706. 19 










Total, Library and 
Copyright 


?8i, ON?, ii 


C72, 684. 2s 


8, 370. 86 











Appropriation includes $814.12 credits on account of sales of cards to Government 
institutions and $353.65 yet to be credited. Includes also a deficiency appropriation of 
$2.142.25 approved July 11,1919. Expenditures 1919 include outstanding indebtedness. 
Offset by subscriptions covered into the Treasury ($70,984.73). 

6 Includes credits $1.00 on account of sales of photo-duplications to Government in- 
stitutions; and $12.72 yet to be credited. Includes also a deficiency appropriation 
approved July n, 1919, for $1,371.37. 

Any unexpended balance will be available for succeeding year. 

d Includes outstanding indebtedness. 

Exclusive of $2,000 to be expended by the Marshal of the Supreme Court for new 
books of reference for that body. 

* Does not include " Increase of Compensation " $45,349.61. 



109 



no 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



Object of appropriation 


Appropriations 


Expended 


Unexpended 


Building and grounds: 








Care and maintenance, in- 








cluding Sunday service . 


$88, 065. oo 


^$85,398. 39 


$2, 666. 6l 


Fuel, lights, and miscel- 








laneous 


18, 500. oo 


b iS, 468. 56 


31 AA 


Refitting old boiler room 








and coal vaults 


?. OOO OO 


2. A.OA. 27 


ICCK 73 


Extension of steel stack . . 


IO, OOO. 00 


& 9, 991. 22 


8.78 


Furniture and shelving. . . 


12, OOO. 00 


6 n.977-95 


22. 05 


Total building and 








grounds ... 


i3i ^6^ oo 


128 330 30 


323/1 6l 










Grand total 


712, 620. II 


7OI, OI4. 64 


II, 6o<. 47 










Bequest of Gertrude M. Hub- 








bard (interest account) 


'842. 65 


e 613- 55 


229. 10 


Printing and binding (allot- 








ment, not appropriation) . . . 


c 200,500. 47 


2OO, 221. 76 


278. 71 



o Includes balance from preceding year in addition to appropriation $800. 
6 Includes outstanding indebtedness. 

c Allotment includes credits $348.91 on account of sales of cards to Government insti- 
tutions and $131.56 yet to be creditced. 
<* Does not include " Increase of Compensation " $13,413.98. 
'' Including outstanding indebtedness of $279.65. 



Appropriations and Expenditures 



in 



CONTINGENT EXPENSES IN DETAIL LIBRARY PROPER 



Object of expenditure 



Amount 



Stationery supplies ? i $5, 408. 93 

Typewriter supplies I 244. 38 

Dies, presses, rubber stamps, and numbering machines 234. 86 

Travel expenses 222. 82 

Streetcar tickets 55. oo 

Postage stamps and international postal cards (foreign cor- 
respondence) 187. 74 

Telegrams and long-distance telephone messages 21. 83 

Transfer charges (expressage, etc.) i. 50 

Post-office box rent, July i, 1918, to June 30, 1919 16. oo 

Tools... 9.53 

Mail-bag repairs and mail bags 38-50 

Duplicator supplies | 82. 77 

Photostat paper and developing powders *i, 452. 20 

Photostat miscellaneous supplies 2. 84 

Total 7| 978. 90 



* 523-54 covered into the Treasury on account of sales of photo-duplications. 



APPENDIX Ib 

APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AS CON- 
TAINED IN "AN ACT MAKING APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE 
LEGISLATIVE, EXECUTIVE, AND JUDICIAL EXPENSES OF 
THE GOVERNMENT FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE 
30, 1920, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES." 

General administration, Librarian, $6,500; chief assistant 
librarian, $4,000; chief clerk, $2,500; librarian's secretary, 
$i ,800 ; clerks one $i ,200, two at Si ,000 each ; stenographers 
and typewriters one $1,200, one $900; messenger, $840; 
messenger to chief assistant librarian, $600; junior messenger, 
$420; operator of photographic copying machine, $600; in 
all, $22,560. 

Mail and delivery: Assistants one in charge $1,600, 
chief, $i ,200, one $960, one $780, one $600; junior messenger, 
$420; in all, $5,560. 

Order and accession : Chief of division, $2,500; assistants 
one $1,500, one $1,200, three at $960 each, two at $840 each, 
two at $600 each, one $580; two junior messengers, at $420 
each; in all, $12,380. 

Catalogue, classification, and shelf: Chief of division, 
$3,000; chief classifier, $2,000; assistants four at $1,800 
each, seven at $1,500 each, six at $1,400 each, twelve at 
$i , 200 each, six at $i , ooo each, fourteen at $960 each, four 
at $920 each, thirteen at $840 each, thirteen at $600 each, 
four at $540 each; six junior messengers, at $420 each; in 
all, $92,020. 

Binding: Assistants one in charge $1,500, one $960; 
junior messenger, $420; in all, $2,880. 

Bibliography: Chief of division, $3,000: assistants one 
$1,500, two at $960 each, one $840; stenographer and type- 
writer, $960; junior messenger, $420; in all, $8,640. 

Reading rooms (including evening service) and special 
collections : Superintendent, $3,000; assistants two at Si ,800 
each, seven at $1,200 each (including one in room for the 
blind), three at $1,000 each, two at charging desk at $1,080 
each, five at $960 each (including one for Toner library and 



113 



ii4 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

one for Washington library) , one in room for the blind $900, 
twenty-seven at $840 each, six at $600 each; stenographer 
and typewriter, $960; attendants Senate reading room 
$960, Representatives' reading room one $960, one $840, 
two in cloakroom at $780 each, two for gallery and alcoves 
at $540 each; telephone operator, $720; four junior messen- 
gers, at $420 each; two watchmen, at $780 each; in all, 
$62,460. 

Periodical (including evening service): Chief of division, 
$2,000; assistants chief $1,500. two at $960 each, five at 
$840 each; stenographer and typewriter, $960; two junior 
messengers, at $420 each; in all, $11,420. 

Documents: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants one 
$1,500, one $840; two translators, at $1,200 each; stenog- 
rapher and typewriter, $960; junior messenger, $420; in all, 
$9,120. 

Manuscript: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants chief 
$1,500, one $960; junior messenger, $420; in all, $5,880. 

Maps and charts: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants 
one $1,500, two at $960 each, one $840; junior messenger, 
$420; in all, $7,680. 

Music: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants one $1,500, 
one $1,000, two at $840 each; junior messenger, $420; in all, 
$7,600. 

Prints: Chief of division, $2,000; assistants one $1,500, 
two at $960 each; junior messenger, $420; in all, $5,840. 

Smithsonian deposit: Custodian, $1,500; assistants one 
$1,500, one $840; junior messenger, $420; in all, $4,260. 

Congressional Reference Library: Custodian, $2,000; assis- 
tants one $1,200, one $960, one $840; two junior mes- 
sengers, at $420 each; in all, $5,840. 

Law Library : Librarian, $3,000 ; assistants two at $i ,400 
each, one $960, one $600, one $540, one (evening service) 
$1,500; in all, $9,400. 

Semitic and Oriental Literature: Chief of division, $3,000; 
assistants one $1,500, one $900; junior messenger, $420; 
in all, $5,820. 

COPYRIGHT OFFICE: Register, $4,000; assistant register, 
$3,000; clerks four at $2,000 each, four at $1,800 each, 
seven at $1,600 each, one $1,500, eight at $1,400 each, ten 
at $1,200 each, ten at $1,000 each, eighteen at $960 each, 



Appropriation Acts, 1919-20 115 

two at $860 each, ten at $780 each, four at $600 each, two 
at $480 each ; four junior messengers at $420 each. Arrears, 
special service: Three clerks, at $1,200 each; porter, $780; 
junior messenger, $420; in all, $104,740. 

Legislative Reference: To enable the Librarian of Con- 
gress to employ competent persons to gather, classify, and 
make available, in translations, indexes, digests, compila- 
tions, and bulletins, and otherwise, data for or bearing upon 
legislation, and to render such data serviceable to Congress 
and committees and Members thereof, $45,000: Provided, 
That no person shall be employed hereunder at a rate of 
compensation exceeding $3,000 per annum. 

DISTRIBUTION OF CARD INDEXES: For service in con- 
nection with distribution of card indexes and other publica- 
tions of the Library : Chief of division, $3 ,000 ; chief assistant 
Si ,800; assistants two at Si ,600 each, three at $i ,500 each, 
three at $1,400 each, four at $1,200 each, four at $1,100 each, 
four at $i ,000 each ; for sendees of assistants at salaries less 
than $1,000 per annum and for piecework and work by the 
hour, $19,500, including not exceeding $500 for freight 
charges, expressage, traveling expenses connected with such 
distribution, and expenses of attendance at meetings when 
incurred on the written authority and "direction of the Li- 
brarian, $49,400. 

TEMPORARY SERVICES: For special and temporary sen-ice, 
including extra special sen-ices of regular employees at the 
discretion of the Librarian, $2,000. 

CARRIER SERVICE: For sendee in connection with the 
Senate and House Office Buildings, $960, or so much thereof 
as may be necessary. 

SUNDAY OPENING: To enable the Library of Congress to 
be kept open for reference use from two until ten o'clock 
postmeridian on Sundays and legal holidays, within the dis- 
cretion of the Librarian, including the extra sendees of 
employees and the sendees of additional employees under 
the Librarian, $10,000, or so much thereof as may be 
necessary. 

INCREASE OF LIBRARY OF CONGRESS: For purchase of 
books for the Library, including payment in advance for 
subscription books, and society publications, and for freight, 
commissions, and traveling expenses, and all other expenses 



1 1 6 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

incidental to the acquisition of books by purchase, gift, 
bequest, or exchange, to continue available during the fiscal 
year 1921, $90,000, together with the unexpended balance 
of the sum appropriated for this object for the fiscal year 
1919; 

For purchase of books and for periodicals for the law 
library, under the direction of the Chief Justice, $3,000; 

For purchase of new books of reference for the Supreme 
Court, to be a part of the Library of Congress, and pur- 
chased by the marshal of the Supreme Court, under the 
direction of the Chief Justice, $2,000; 

For purchase of miscellaneous periodicals and news- 
papers, $5,000. 

In all, $100,000. 

CONTINGENT EXPENSES: For miscellaneous and con- 
tingent expenses, stationery, supplies, stock, and materials 
directly purchased, miscellaneous traveling expenses, 
postage, transportation, incidental expenses connected 
with the administration of the Library and the Copyright 
Office, including not exceeding $500 for expenses of attend- 
ance at meetings when incurred on the written authority 
and direction of the Librarian, $7,300. 

LIBRARY BUILDING AND GROUNDS: Superintendent, $3,600; 
clerks one $2,000, one $1,600, one $1,400, one $1,000; 
property clerk, $900; messenger; assistant messenger; 
two telephone switchboard operators; captain of watch, 
$1,400; two lieutenants of the watch, at $1,000 each; 
nineteen watchmen, at $900 each; two carpenters, at 
$900 each; painter, $900; foreman of laborers, $900; 
sixteen laborers; two attendants in ladies' room, at $480 
each; four check boys, at $360 each; mistress of char- 
women, $425; assistant mistress of charwomen, $300; 
fifty-eight charwomen; chief engineer, $1,500; assistant 
engineers one $1,200, three at $900 each; electrician, 
$1,500; machinists one $1,000, one $900; two wiremen, 
at $900 each; plumber, $900; three elevator conductors, 
and ten skilled laborers, at $720 each; in all, $86,065. 

For extra services of employees and additional employees 
under the superintendent to provide for the opening of the 
Library Building from two until ten o'clock postmeridian 
on Sundays and legal holidays, $3.000. 



Appropriation Acts, 19 19-20 117 

For fuel, lights, repairs, miscellaneous supplies, electric 
and steam apparatus, city directory, stationery, mail and 
delivery sen-ice including new auto delivery wagon, and 
all incidental expenses in connection with the custody, 
care, and maintenance of said building and grounds, includ- 
ing $1,000 for repairs to roof, $16,000. 

For furniture, including partitions, screens, shelving and 
electrical work pertaining thereto, $12,000. 

For extension of the steel stack for storage of catalogue 
cards in the card division, $10,000. 

SEC. 7. That all civilian employees of the Governments 
of the United States and the District of Columbia who re- 
ceive a total of compensation at the rate of $2,500 per annum 
or less, except as otherwise provided in this section, shall 
receive, during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1920, addi- 
tional compensation at the rate of $240 per annum: Pro- 
vided, That such employees as receive a total of annual com- 
pensation at a rate more than $2,500 and less than $2,740 
shall receive additional compensation at such a rate per 
annum as may be necessary to make their salaries, plus their 
additional compensation, at the rate of $2,740 per annum, 
and no employee shall receive additional compensation 
under this section at a rate which is more than sixty per 
centum of the rate of the total annual compensation re- 
ceived by such employee: Provided further, That the in- 
creased compensation at the rate of $120 per annum for the 
fiscal year ending June 30, 1919, shall not be computed as 
salary in construing this section: Provided further, That 
where an employee in the service on June 30, 1918, has re- 
ceived during the fiscal year 1919, or shall receive during the 
fiscal year 1920 an increase of salary at a rate in excess of 
$200 per annum, or where an employee whether previously 
in the sen-ice or not, has entered the sen-ice since June 30, 
1918, whether such employee has received an increase in 
salary or not, such employee shall be granted the increased 
compensation provided herein only when and upon the cer- 
tification of the person in the legislative branch or the head 
of the department or establishment employing such persons of 
the ability and qualifications personal to such employees as 
would justify such increased compensation : Provided fiirther, 
That the increased compensation provided in this section to 



1 1 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

employees whose pay is adjusted from time to time through 
wage boards or similar authority shall be taken into consid- 
eration by such wage boards or similar authority in adjust- 
ing the pay of such employees. 

The provisions of this section shall not apply to the fol- 
lowing : Employees paid from the postal revenues and sums 
which may be advanced from the Treasury to meet defi- 
ciencies in the postal revenues; employees of the Panama 
Canal on the Canal Zone; employees of the Alaskan Engi- 
neering Commission in Alaska; employees paid from lump- 
sum appropriations in bureaus, divisions, commissions, or 
any other governmental agencies or employments created 
by law since January i, 1916, except that employees of the 
Bureau of War Risk Insurance shall receive increased com- 
pensation at one-half the rate allowed by this section for 
other employees: Provided, That employees of said bureau 
who are compensated at rates below $400 per annum 
shall receive additional compensation only at the rate of 60 
per centum of the annual rates of compensation received by 
such employees; employees whose duties require only a por- 
tion of their time, except charwomen, who shall be included ; 
employees whose services are utilized for brief periods at in- 
tervals ; persons employed by or through corporations, firms, 
or individuals acting for or on behalf of or as agents of the 
United States or any department or independent establish- 
ment of the government of the United States in connection 
with construction work or the operation of plants ; employees 
who receive a part of their pay from any outside sources under 
cooperative arrangements with the Government of the United 
States or the District of Columbia ; employees who serve vol- 
untarily or receive only a nominal compensation, and em- 
ployees who may be provided with special allowances because 
of their service in foreign countries. The provisions of this 
section shall not apply to employees of the railroads, express 
companies, telegraph, telephone, marine cable, or radio sys- 
tem or systems, taken over by the United States, and nothing 
contained herein shall be deemed a recognition of the 
employees of such railroads, express companies, telegraph, 
telephone, marine cable or radio system or systems, as em- 
ployees of the United States. 



Appropriation Acts, ig 19-20 119 

Section six of the legislative, executive, and judicial ap- 
propriation Act approved May 10, 1916, as amended by 
the naval appropriation Act approved August 29, 1916, shall 
not operate to prevent anyone from receiving the additional 
compensation provided in this section who otherwise is en- 
titled to receive the same. 

Such employees as are engaged on piecework, by the hour, 
or at per diem rates, if otherwise entitled to receive the ad- 
ditional compensation shall receive the same at the rate 
to which they are entitled in this section when their fixed 
rate of pay for the regular working hours and on the basis 
of three hunderd and thirteen days in the said fiscal year 
would amount to $2,500 or less : Provided, That this method 
of computation shall not apply to any per diem employees 
regularly paid a per diem for every day r n the year. 

So much as may be necessary to pay ^& additional com- 
pensation provided in this section to employees of the 
Government of the United States is appropriated out of any 
money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated. 

So much as may be necessary to pay the increased com- 
pensation provided in this section to employees of the 
government of the District of Columbia is appropriated, 
one-half out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise 
appropriated and one-half out of the revenues of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, except to employees of the Washington 
Aqueduct and the water department, which shall be paid 
entirely from the revenues of the water department. 

So much as may be necessary to pay the increased com- 
pensation provided in this section to persons employed 
under trust funds who may be construed to be employees 
of thf Government of the United States or of the District 
of OJumbia is authorized to be paid, respectively, from 
such trust funds. 

Reports shall be submitted to Congress on the first day of 
the next regular session showing for the first four months 
of the fiscal year the average number of employees in each 
department, bureau, office, or establishment receiving the 
increased compensation at the rate of 8240 per annum and 
the average number by grades receiving the same at each 
other rate. 

140387 19 9 



1 20 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Provisions in "An act making appropriations for sundry civil ex- 
penses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, 
nineteen hundred and twenty, and for other purposes." 

For such trees, shrubs, plants, fertilizers, and skilled 
labor for the grounds of the Library of Congress as may be 
requested by the superintendent of the Library Buildings, 
$1,000. 

For the Library of Congress, including the copyright 
office and the publication of the Catalogue of Title Entries 
of the copyright office, and binding, rebinding, and repairing 
of library books, and for building and grounds, $200,000. 



APPENDIX II 



REPORT OF THE REGISTER OF COPYRIGHTS FOR THE FISCAL 
YEAR 1918-19 

WASHINGTON, D. C., July 10, 1919 

SIR: The copyright business and the work of the Copy- 
right Office for the fiscal year July i, 1918, to June 30, 1919, 
inclusive, are summarized as follows: 

RECEIPTS 

The gross receipts during the year were $117,518.96. A Fees, etc. 
balance of $10,104.85, representing trust funds and unfin- 
ished business, was on hand July i, 1918, making a total of 
$127,623.81 to be accounted for. Of this amount the sum of 
$3,560.06 received by the Copyright Office was refunded as 
excess fees or as fees for articles not registrable, leaving a net 
balance of $124,063.75. The balance carried over to July i, 
1919, was $10,945.75 (representing trust funds, $8,778.80, 
and total unfinished business since July i, 1897 22 years 
$2,166.95), leaving fees applied during fiscal year 1918-19 
and paid into the Treasury $113,118.00. 

The yearly copyright fees have more than doubled since 
the reorganization of the office in 1897, reaching above the 
$100,000 mark during the first year of operation under the 
new copyright law, which went into effect on July i, 1909. 
The annual applied fees since July i, 1897, are: 
1897-98 $55,926.50 

1898-99 58, 267. oo 

18991900 65, 206. oo 

1900-1901 63, 687. 50 

1901-2 64, 687. oo 

1902-3 68, 874. 50 

1903-4 72, 629. oo 

1904-5 78, 058. oo 

1905-6 80, 198. oo 



1906-7 ............... 84, 685. oo 

1907-8 ............... 82,387.50 

1908-9 ............... 83,816.75 



1909-10 $104, 644. 95 

109,913.95 
116,685.05 

1912-13 114,980.60 

1913-14 120,219.25 

I9 x 4-i5 111,922.75 

1915-16 112,986.85 

1916-17 110,077.40 

I 9 I 7-i8 106,352.40 

1918-19 113,118.00 



Total. 



I.979.323-9S 
131 



122 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

EXPENDITURES 

Salaries The appropriation made by Congress for salaries in the 

Copyright Office for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1919, 
was $104,740. The total expenditures for salaries was 
$103,598.50, or $9,519.50 less than the net amount of fees 
earned and paid into the Treasury during the corresponding 
sund?i ery and y ear - The expenditures for supplies, including stationery 
and other articles and postage on foreign mail matter, etc., 
was $1,001.89. 

$ pyr i 9 ( ht re ~ During the 22 fiscal years since the reorganization of the 

cetpts anajees J 

Copyright Office (from July i, 1897, to June 30, 1919) the 

copyright fees applied and paid into the Treasury have 

amounted to $1,979,323.95, the articles deposited number 

Excess of fees 4., 2 1 1, 392, and the total copyright registrations have ex- 

over salaries .,,. 

ceeded two and a quarter millions (2,382,710). 

The fees earned ($1,979,323,95) were larger than the ap- 
propriations for salaries used during the same period ($1,720- 
023.03) by $259,300.92. 

In addition to this direct profit, a large number of the four 
millions of books, maps, musical works, periodicals, prints, 
and other articles deposited during the 22 years were of sub- 
stantial pecuniary value and of such a character that their 
rijhfd%pos f its copy ~ accession to the Library of Congress through the Copyright 
Office effected a large saving to the purchase fund of the 
Library equal in amount to their price. 

COPYRIGHT ENTRIES AND FEES 

Registrations The registrations for the fiscal year numbered 113,003. 
Of these, 107,560 were registrations at $i each, including a 
certificate and 3,537 were registrations of photographs with- 
out certificates, at 50 cents each. There were also i ,906 reg- 
istrations of renewals, at 50 cents each. The fees for these 
registrations amounted to a total of $110,281.50. 

The number of registrations in each class from July i , 1913, 
to June 30, 1919, is shown in Exhibit F. 

COPYRIGHT DEPOSITS 

Articles depos- The total number of separate articles deposited in com- 
pliance with the copyright law, which have been registered, 
stamped, indexed, and catalogued during the fiscal year, 



Register of Copyrights 123 

amount to 188,409. The number of these articles in each 
class for the fiscal years July i, 1915, to June 30, 1919, is 
shown in Exhibit G. 

It is not possible to determine exactly how completely the 
works which claim copyright are deposited; but as title cards 
are printed and supplied upon request to other libraries for 
all books bearing United States notice of copyright, the de- 
mand for such cards for works not received furnishes some 
indication of possible percentage of failure to deposit. 

In response to inquiries received during the year from the co f?* esi * for 
Card Division, the Order Division, and the Reading Room, in 
regard to 413 books supposed to have been copyrighted but 
not discovered in the Library, it was found that 40 of these 
works had been received and were actually in the Library, 
55 books had been deposited and were still in the Copyright 
Office, 83 works were either not published, did not claim 
copyright, or for other valid reasons could not be deposited, 
while in the case of 44 works no answers to our letters of 
inquiry had been received up to June 30, 1919. Copies were 
received of 191 works in all in response to requests made by 
the Copyright Office during the period of 12 months for the 
works published in recent years. 

The total copyright deposits for the year included 18,293 it 
printed volumes, 23,570 pamphlets and leaflets, 50,166 news- 
papers and magazines, 2,554 dramas, 40,332 pieces of music, 
2,329 maps, 8,671 photographs, 14,203 prints, 7.571 motion 
pictures, 17.757 contributions to periodicals, 2,811 works of 
art and drawings, and 152 lectures. 

Our copyright laws have required the deposit of copies Disposal of 
for the use of the Library of Congress. The act of 1909, 
which expressly provided for such deposit in order to secure 
the registration of the work, still insisted upon a deposit of 
two copies for the benefit of the Library; but to check the 
useless accumulation of such copies in the Copyright Office 
it is provided that the Librarian of Congress shall determine 
(i) "what books or other articles shall be transferred to the 
permanent collections of the Library of Congress, including 
the Law Library"; (2) "what other books or articles shall 
be placed in the reserve collections of the Library of Con- 
gress for sale or exchange"; and (3) "or be transferred to 
other governmental libraries in the District of Columbia for 



1 24 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

use therein." The law further provides that articles remain- 
ing undisposed of may, upon specified conditions, be 
returned to the authors or copyright proprietors. 

The total articles disposed of in these three ways during 
the fiscal year numbered 111,313; of these, 85,825 were 
transferred to the Library for its collections, 7,612 were sent 
to other "departmental libraries," and 17,876 were returned 
to the claimants of copyright. 

p^itTf eT Library During the fiscal year the following transfers were made 

of congress f rom the Copyright Office to the Library of Congress. Under 

(i) the "first copies" of copyright books forwarded as 

received from day to day numbered 10,076 volumes; and 

other works specifically indicated (including 906 foreign books 

Musical compo- and pamphlets) numbered 5,113. Of musical compositions 

40,332 were deposited and registered during the year, and 

of these 24,259 were selected and transferred to the Music 

Division. 

Maps. etc. All of the i, 207 separate maps registered during the 

year were placed in the Map Division, 2,329 pieces. Out 
of the total of 14,539 photographs, engravings, and other 
"pictorial illustrations" entered, 2,950 were selected and 
forwarded to the Prints Division for permanent deposit. 
Of the 24 daily newspapers registered both copies of 19 

Newspapers and 

magazines (5 being rejected) were promptly sent to the Periodical 

Division and 1,185 different magazines and periodicals, 
including weekly newspapers, out of the 1,523 different 
journals received, were also transferred to that division. 
In the case of newspapers and periodicals, each number is 
required by law to be deposited and separately registered, 
and for the 1,185 periodicals taken over by the Periodical 
41008 numbers Division 25,083 registrations were made and 41,098 separate 

wa?de'd papersfor ~ issues or pieces were dated, numbered, catalogued, and for- 
warded from day to day during the year, thus making a 
grand total of 85,825 articles transferred to the Library for 
its collections. 
American poetry Under (2) there have been transferred on the Librarian's 

and drama . 11 5 i 

order to Brown University, to add to the collection of books 
and pamphlets relating to American poetry and printed 
dramas by American authors, i ,672 pieces, and a miscella- 
neous collection of 1,342 volumes was forwarded for the 
benefit of the "Library War Service," making, with the 



Register of Copyrights 125 

current books, a total of 18,203 books and pamphlets deliv- 
ered to the Library from the Copyright Office during the 
year. Since the copyright act of March 4, 1909, went into 
effect (from Dec. 10, 1910, to June 30, 1919), the Copyright 
Office has transferred to the Library of Congress 185,378 
books, 229,643 musical compositions, 55,494 maps, 40,668 
photographs and prints, and 346,149 newspapers and maga- 
zines a grand total of 857,332 pieces. 

Under (3) the transfer during the year to other govern- Books trans- 

- ,-s i fared to other li- 

mental libraries in the Distnct ot Columbia for use therein brarus 
included 4,598 books. The character of the works thus 
transferred has usually determined the designation of the 
library for their final deposit, e. g., agricultural books to the 
Department of Agriculture, scientific or technical books to 
the Engineer School or the Patent Office, and all medicaj 
books or books on allied subjects to the library of the Sur- 
geon General's Office. The following libraries (receiving 
above 1,000 volumes each) have received up to June 30, 
1919, the number of books indicated below: 

Bureau of Education, 11,581; Bureau of Standards, 
2,025; Department of Agriculture, 2,261; Department of 
Commerce, 2,558; Engineer School, Corps of Engineers^ 
2,440; Federal Trade Commission, 2,969; library of the Sur- 
geon General's Office, 2,854; Navy Department, 1,461; 
Public Library of the District of Columbia, 27,997. Nine 
hundred and seventy-four volumes were also sent to the 
Library of the United States Soldiers' Home, and 7,048 
volumes were distributed among various other govern- 
mental libraries in the District; in all, 64,168. 

Under the provisions of the act of March 4, 1909, authority Return of detxjt- 

r J its to copyright 



is granted also for the return to the claimants of 
of such copyright deposits as are not needed by the Library 
of Congress or the Copyright Office. The notice required 
by section 60 has been printed for all classes of works depos- 
ited and registered during the years January i, 1900, to 
June 30, 1914. In response to special requests, 6,567 
motion-picture films have been returned during the fiscal 
year to the copyright claimants, and of the current deposits 
not needed by the Library of Congress the following have 
also been so returned: 8,141 "books" (pamphlets, leaflets, 
etc.), 6 photographs, 1,060 prints, 2,100 periodicals, and 2 



126 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

pieces of music; a total of 17,876 pieces. Since the act went 
into effect up to June 30, 1919, a total of 375,923 works have 
thus been returned to the claimants of copyright in them; 
and altogether there have been transferred from the Copy- 
right Office shelves 1,323,908 articles, thus securing a great 
saving of space and avoiding useless duplication and 
accumulation. 

f The total number of articles deposited cluing the period 
from July i, 1897 (when the Copyright Office was reorgan- 
ized), to June 30, 1919, was over four millions (4,211,392), 
out of which over one and one-quarter million articles have 
been disposed of as noted above, leaving about two and a 
half million articles on our shelves. These are in addition 
to the uncounted accumulation of articles deposited from 
1870 to 1897. This great collection of books, pamphlets, 
leaflets, music, photographs, prints, and other articles, which 
are of no use to the Library of Congress, occupies shelf space 
which it is increasingly embarrassing to spare for this pur- 
pose. It has been demonstrated during the last 20 years 
that there is little likelihood of any calls for the examination 
or other use of any of this material, and no demand is known 
to have occurred which could not be met by reference to the 
copies upon the shelves of the Library. 
Printing of the The printing of the Catalogue of Copyright Entries was 

Catalogue 

continued in accordance with the provisions 01 the copy- 
right law. It is compiled from cards which subsequently 
become part of the permanent card indexes essential to the 
conduct of the office business. These indexes now contain 
considerably over 3,000,000 cards. During the year 182,832 
cards were written, prepared for printer's copy for the Cata- 
logue, the proof therefrom was read and revised, and the 
cards were then filed in the permanent indexes. Copyright 
applications to the number of 113,000 were headlined to 
indicate the names of the claimants of copyright and titles 
of the works, and filed in our permanent application files 
which serve as proprietor indexes to all copyright entries 
made since 1909. 
Numbers print- During the calendar year 1918, 148 numbers of Part i, 

ed during year 

Group i of the Catalogue were published, containing the 
book titles, with complete record of all renewals for books, 
and complete annual index, 1,104 pl us 2 45 P a g es J I2 
monthly numbers of Part i, Group 2, containing titles of 



Register of Copyrights 127 

pamphlets, contributions to newspapers, lectures, dramatic 
compositions, maps, and motion pictures, and a complete 
annual index, 1,611 closely printed pages; 4 quarterly num- 
bers of Part 2, containing all registrations for newspapers 
anl magazines with annual index, 393 pages; 12 monthly 
numbers of Part 3, musical compositions, with complete list 
of renewals for music and lists of music used or licensed to be 
used for mechanical reproduction, together with complete 
annual index, 2,043 compactly printed pages; and 4 quar- 
terly numbers of Part 4, containing registrations of works of 
art and photographs and prints, with annual index, 372 
pages. 

During the year the continuous and persistent demands Bulletin not. 
for the copyright laws (Bulletin Xo. 14), "Rules and Regu- 
lations for the Registration of Claims to Copyright" (Bul- 
letin No. 15) and Copyright in England" (Bulletin No. 16) 
required these three bulletins to be reprinted, with such 
bringing up to date as seemed necessary. 

SUMMARY OF COPYRIGHT BUSINESS 

Balance on hand July i, 1918 $10, 104. 85 Summary of 

Gross receipts July i, 1918, to June 30, 1919. . 117, 518. 96 copyright business 

Total to be accounted for 127, 623. 81 

Refunded $3, 560. 06 



Balance to be accounted for $124, 063. 75 

Applied as earned fees 113, 118. oo 

Balance carried over to July i, 1919: 

Trust funds $8, 778. 80 

Unfinished business July i, 
1897, to June 30, 1919, 22 

years 2, 166. 95 

10, 945. 75 

124,063.75 



Total fees earned and paid into Treasury during 

the 22 years from July i, 1897, to June 30, 1919. . i, 979, 323. 95 
Total unfinished business for 22 years 2, 166. 95 

FEES FOR FISCAL YEAR 

Fees for registrations, including certificates 
at $i each $107,560.00 

Fees for registrations of photographs without 
certificates, at 50 cents each i, 768. 50 

Fees for registrations of renewals, at 50 cents 
each 953. oo 

Total fees for registrations recorded no, 281. 50 



128 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Fees for certified copies of record, at 50 cents 

each $680. 50 

Fees for recording assignments i, 802. oo 

Searches made and charged for at the rate of 

50 cents for each hour of time consumed ... 135. oo 

Notices of user recorded (Music) 177. 50 

Indexing transfers of proprietorship 41. 50 

$2, 836. 50 

Total fees for fiscal year 1918-19 1 13, 1 18. oo 

ENTRIES 

Entries Number of registrations 111,097 

Number of renewals recorded i, 906 



Number of certified copies of record i, 361 

Number of assignments recorded or copied i, 288 

Correspondence The greater part of the business of the Copyright Office 
is done by correspondence. The total letters and parcels 
received during the fiscal year numbered 126,242, while the 
. letters, parcels, etc., dispatched numbered 129,175. Letters 
received transmitting remittances numbered 38,761, in- 
cluding money orders to the number of 25,142. During 
the last 22 fiscal years the money orders received number 
more than half a million (589,087). 

CONDITION OF COPYRIGHT OFFICE WORK 

_ ,. . , On Tuly 10, 1919, the remittances received up to the third 

Condition of CUT- J J 

rent -work mail of the day had been recorded. The account books of 

the Bookkeeping Division were balanced for June, the 
financial statements were rendered to the Treasury Depart- 
ment, and all earned fees to June 30 had been paid into the 
Treasury. 

The current work for July had been written up and posted 
to July 9. The unfinished business amounted on June 30, 
1919, to $2,166.95. Of this, however, a large proportion 
represented business for the fiscal year, held awaiting 
answers to letters from the Copyright Office in regard to 
informalities, etc. 

At the close of business on July 10, 1919, of the works 
deposited and passed for copyright registration up to and 
including Monday, June 30, 1919, all had been recorded. 



Register of Copyrights 129 

Assignments to the number of 1,288 were received during 
the fiscal year, and all had been recorded, except one lengthy 
document. On the same date 990 works remained to be 
catalogued for the Catalogue of Copyright Entries. 

COPYRIGHT LEGISLATION' PROPOSED 

The following copyright bills previously reported were 
reintroduced during the fiscal year: 

On Mav 19, 1919, Hon. Luther \V. Mott reintroduced a BaiH. 

Labels 

bill to amend the copyright law passed March 4, 1909, 
proposing to add to the classes of copyright works scheduled 
in section 5 "labels, trade- marks, firm names, and special 
designs, pictures, prints, wrappers, cartons, containers, and 
advertisements which are specifically created for individual 
trades, manufactures, or businesses, engraved, printed, 
colored or produced in any manner whatsoever." * 

The "bill to protect Government documents by copy- er 2Sfif 
right," printed in my report of last year, 1917-18, page 149, ment * 
was reintroduced 2 by Hon. Duncan U. Fletcher on May 23, 
1919, and referred to the Committee on Patents. 

No action on these bills is recorded. 

New copyright legislation was proposed to remedy the 
loss of copyright protection due to conditions growing out 
of the war in the case of foreign works published abroad dur- 
ing the war. On Februarv n, 1919, the Hon. Charles B. 

TJ i i rr 

Smith, then chairman of the House Committee on Patents, I5 s s3: Ad i 
introduced a bill to amend sections 8 and 2 1 of the copy- c t>yng ' 
right act. 3 The same bill was introduced in the Senate 
by Hon. William F. Kirby (calendar day, February 12, 
1919),* and was referred to the Committee on Patents. A 
public hearing was held on this bill by the House Committee 

1 1919 (May 19). A bill to amend the copyright law passed Mar. 4. 1909. Introduced 
by Mr. Mott. H. R. 554. 66th Cong., ist sess. Printed. 3 pp. 4. [Referred to the 
Committee on Patents.] 

1 1919 (May 23). A bill to protect Government documents by copyright. Introduced 
by Mr. Fletcher. S. 579. 66th Cong., ist sess. Printed, i p. 4. [Referred totheCom- 
mittee on Patents.] 

1 1919 (Feb. n). A bill to amend sections 8 and 21 of the copyright act, approved 
Mar. 4. 1909. Introduced by Mr. Charles B. Smith. H. R. 13853, 6$th Cong.. 3 d sess. 
Printed. 3 pp. 4. f Referred to the Committee on Patents.] 

4 1919 (Feb. ii. calendar day Feb. 12). A bill to amend sections 8 and 21 of the copy- 
right act, approved Mar. 4. 1909. Introduced by Mr. Kirby. S. 5582. 6sth Cong.. 3d 
sess. Printed. 3 pp. 4. f Referred to the Committee on Patents.] 



1 30 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

on February iS, 1 and the bill was reported on February 28 z 
with an amendment and a recommendation that it be passed. 
The Sixty-fifth Congress expired on March 4, before action 
could be taken. 

BiiiH.R.3754 On May 28 the bill was reintroduced in the House of 
Representatives and referred to the Committee on Patents. 3 
A second hearing was held on the bill on June i8, 4 and on 
June 27 it was reported by the chairman of the committee 
with the recommendation that it be passed. 5 The bill 
amends section 8 of the copyright act of 1909, to secure 
retrospective protection for books printed abroad since 
August i, 1914, subject to "the accomplishment, before 
the expiration of 15 months after the date of the President's 
proclamation of peace, of the conditions and formalities 
prescribed with respect to such works by the copyright laws 
of the United States." Section 21 is also amended to 
increase from 30 days to 60 days the time within which, 
after first publication abroad of a book in the English lan- 
guage, deposit of a copy may be made for the registration 
of the ad interim copyright which is extended from 30 days 
to four months. The full text of the bill is printed as an 
addendum, pages 141-142. 

The bill came before the House for final action on 
Wednesday, July 16, and on Wednesday, July 23, on 
which day, after some discussion, the bill was passed. On 

1 Amending copyright laws. Hearing before the Committee on Patents, House of 
Representatives, 65th Cong.. $A sess.. fon bill] H. R. 15853, Feb. 18, 1919. 13 pp. 8. 
Washington, Government printing office, 1919. 

1 1919 (Feb. 28). Amendment of copyright laws. Mr. Grosser, from the Committee 
on Patents, submitted the following report [to accompany bill H. R. 15853). H. R. 
Report No. 1158, 6sth Cong.. 3d sess. Printed, i p. 8. 

1919 (Feb. 28). A bill to amend sections 8 and 21 of the copyright act, approved Mar. 4, 
1909. Reported with an amendment, referred to the House calendar, and ordered to 
be printed. ]H. R. Report No. 1158.] H. R. 15853, 6sth Cong. ,3d sess. Printed, 4 pp. 4. 

3 1919 (May 28). A bill to amend sections 8 and 21 of the copyright act. approved 
Mar. 4. 1909. Introduced by Mr. Nolan. H. R. 3754, 66th Cong., ist sess. Printed 
3 pp. 4. f Referred to the Committee on Patents.] 

4 Amendment of the copyright act. Hearings held beore the Committee on Patents, 
Houseof Representatives, 66th Cong., istsess. June 18,1919. upp. 8. Washington, 
Government printing office, 1919. 

* 1919 (June 27). Amending sections 8 and 21 of copyright act. Mr. Nolan, from the 
Committee on Patents, submitted the following report [to accompany H. R. 3754] 
H. R. Report No. 79, 66th Cong., ist sess. Printed, i p. 8. 

J9 r 9 (June 27). A bill to amend sections 8 and 21 of the copyright act, approved 
Mar. 4, 1909. Referred to the House calendar and ordered to be printed. [H. R. Report 
No. 79]. H. R. 3754, 66th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 3 pp. 4. 



Register of Copyrights 131 

July 24 the House Act was referred to the Senate Com- 
mittee on Patents. 1 

INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT RELATIONS 

Reference has been made in the preceding paragraph to^ 
the bill, H. R. 3754, now pending before the Senate pro- B 

ing copyright protection in the United States for works 
produced or published abroad since August i, 1914, which, 
because of conditions growing out of the war, have hereto- 
fore failed to secure copyright in this country. The pro- 
visions of this bill (printed, pp. 141-142) would apply in 
the case of all such works by authors who are citizens or sub- 
jects of any nation granting protection for works by citizens 
of the United States (provided the conditions and require- 
ments of our laws were complied with within the period 
fixed in the bill) but would mainly be of benefit to the 
authors of works in the English language and to the Amer- 
ican publishers of such works. 

This legislation is framed to meet a proposal made by the 
British Government to the effect that all works which have 
been first published and copyrighted in the United States 
but have failed to secure copyright protection in Great 
Britain shall be protected upon publication there, within 
a period to be agreed upon after the declaration of peace; 
provided the United States Government undertakes to 
reciprocally protect English books in the United States. 
The British Government's proposal followed representa- 
tion by the Department of State of the losses suffered by 
American authors and publishers because of the failure to 
secure copyright for their books in Great Britain owing to 
conditions growing out of the war. The enactment of the 
bill would therefore lead to the benefit and profit of the 
authors of American books and their publishers; to British 
and other foreign authors of works published during the 
war which are of such a character that American editions 
could still be published; and, finally, to the American pub- 
lishers of these books who may find it profitable to still 
reprint and publish them in this country. 

1 1919 (July 24). An act to amend sections 8 and 21 of the copyright act, approved 
Mar. 4, 1909. In the Senate of the United States. H. R. 3754. 66th Cong., ist sess. 
Printed, 3 pp. 4. f Referred to the Committee on Patents.] 



132 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

~ The bil1 further proposes to amend the Copyright Act 
by increasing the present period of 30 days after publica- 
tion to 60 days, during which a copy of an English book 
may be deposited and registered for the ad interim pro- 
tection granted while such book is reset, printed and bound 
in the United States. It also increases the present ad in- 
terim term of protection from 30 days to 4 months after 
registration. This is proposed as an alleviation of the 
present rigid requirement which has operated to prevent 
the securing of copyright in this country for the larger part 
of the books produced in Great Britain. It is estimated in 
fact, that out of more than 100,000 books published in 
England since July i, 1909 (when the Copyright Act went 
into effect), less than i per cent of them (less than 1,000 
books) have been reprinted and copyrighted in the United 
States. The result is not only loss of protection for the 
British authors of these books, but it is a failure to protect 
properly the American publishers who later reprint such of 
these books which are by authors who have become well- 
known. It is customary to print and publish sets of uni- 
form volumes by any author who has become popular, 
and where copyright has not been secured for the indi- 
vidual books the American publisher must risk the cost 
involved in producing the whole series without copyright 
protection. 

In my last two annual reports I have presented a sum- 
mary of our international copyright relations (1916-17, pp. 
164-175; 1917-18, pp. 135-141), with a view to indicating 
in how great a degree these relations are inadequate and 
unsatisfactory, more especially as concerns the protection 
of British authors in the United States and protection for 
our authors in the English speaking countries. The loss of 
adequate international copyright protection has assumed a 
greatly increased importance by reason of the development 
of the motion-picture industry, leading to large payments to 
the authors of copyrighted works for the exclusive right to 
use such works as the basis for motion-picture photoplays, 
and correspondingly large losses where copyright has not 
been secured. Something should be done to eliminate or 
minimize such losses. What is required is assured protec- 
tion for literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works in 



Register of Copyrights 1 33 

tht United States, Great Britain, and the British Domin- 
ions that is, in all the English-speaking countries for all 
works first produced in any one of these countries from the 
date of such first production or publication. This protection 
should be absolute and should be independent of any tech- 
nical or merely formal requirements. 

In my report two years ago it was suggested that a remedy 
for this insufficient international protection might be found 
in a literary-property convention for the formation of a copy- 
right union of all English-speaking countries with the express 
purpose of guaranteeing full protection in all of these coun- 
tries for the works of authors, artists, and composers who 
are citizens or subjects of any one of them. The two years 
that have passed have accentuated the need of some practical 
action. The lack of protection in Canada lor American plays 
is cause for much complaint, and the copyright relations be- 
tween the United States and the other British self-governing 
dominions are equally unsatisfactory. The remedy proposed 
should therefore extend to include protection in all these 
countries. There is a community of interest between all the 
English speaking and reading nations which urges the estab- 
lishment of assured protection for all intellectual works 
throughout all of them. The advantage of such an arrange- 
ment would have double weight for our citizens it would 
secure to American authors protection for their works in 
all these countries, and it would protect the American pub- 
lishers who reproduce in the United States works by authors 
of the other English-speaking countries. 
Respectfully submitted, 

THORVALD SOLBERG 

Register of Copyrights 

HERBERT PUTNAM 

Librarian of Congress 



134 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 



EXHIBIT A Statement of gross receipts, refunds, net receipts, and fees 
applied for fiscal year ending June 30, 1919 



Month 


Gross cash 
receipts 


Refunds 


Net 

receipts 


Fees 
applied 


1918 
July 




$406. 78 


$3 ? 6iS. 76 


3, 725.35 


August 


9,378.85 






8, 887. 80 


September 










October 








8, 838- 10 


November 








8,618- 10 


December 










1919 
January 




354- 28 






February 










March 










April 










May 










June 




180. 75 
















Total 





















Balance brought forward from June 30, 1918 $10,104.8 

Netreceiptsjuly i, 1918, to June 30, 1919: 

Gross receipts $117,518.96 

Less amount refunded 3, 560. 06 

113,958.90 



Total to be accounted for 1 24, 063. 75 

Copyright fees applied July i, 1918, to June 30, 1919 113,118.00 

Balance carried forward to July i, 1919: 

Trust funds 8, 778. 80 

Unfinished business 2, 166. 95 

124,063.73 



Register of Copyrights 

EXHIBIT B Statement of fees paid into Treasury 



Date 


Check 
No 


Amount 


Date 


Check 

No. 


Amount 


1918 
Julys 


8828 
8867 


$i, 200-00 


1919 
Jan. 6 
Jan. 13 


9989 

10013 


$i, 722. 20 
3,000-00 




8897 


1.800.00 


Jan. 20 


10045 


3.000-00 








Jan. 27 


10092 


2,500.00 




8958 




Feb. 3 


10218 


2.400.00 




8986 




Feb. 8 


10229 


319.80 


g 


9008 


1.800-00 


Feb. 10 


10230 


2,200.00 


A g 6 






Feb. 17 


10267 


2,000.00 




9098 




Feb. 24 


10307 


2.200.00 






387-80 


Mar. 3 


10377 


I,SOO.OO 








Mar. 6 


10391 


411.45 






i, 800-00 


Mar. 10 


10417 


2,400.00 




9184 




Mar. 17 


10526 


2.200.00 


Sept. 30 


9219 


2. 2OO.OO 


Mar. 24 
Mar. 31 


10599 
10708 


2,200-00 
2,4OO-OO 


Oct 7 






Apr. 5 


10731 


885.20 


Oct 14 


9287 




Apr. 7 


10746 


1.500-00 


Oct 21 




I,8OO-OO 


Apr. 14 


10824 


2. 5OO.OO 


Oct 28 






Apr. 21 


10873 


2,4OO.OO 








Apr. 2$ 


10896 


2,500-00 






438. 10 


May 5 


10943 


I,803.85 








May 12 


10993 


3,000-00 








May 19 


11048 


1,800-00 




9-48 




May 26 


11103 


2,400.00 


Dec 2 


9822 


i , 700- oo 


June 2 


11150 


2.000.00 


Dec 7 


9866 


418. 10 


June 6 


11204 


462.00 


Dec 9 


9876 


1.800-00 


June 9 


11232 


2,OOO.OO 








June 16 


11258 


2, 2OO-OO 










11289 


2,300-00 








June 30. 


11310 


2.4OO.OO 








July 5 


11328 


I,52I.OO 




















Total. .... 



















1403S7 19- 



-10 



136 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

EXHIBIT C Record of applied fees 



Month 


Number of registrations, 
including certificates 


A 

a 
<u 

m 
a 
u 
1 


Number of registrations, 
photographs, no cer- 
tificate 


1 

V 

B 
u 
o 

j 

M 

V 
U 
fi 


Number of renewal reg- 
istrations 


Fees at 50 cents each 


Total number of regis- 
trations 


d 

'5 
u 

O VI 

**" 

Q 

5*3 

"3 

a 

$ 


1918 
July 


8,259 
8,613 

7,724 
8,451 
8,157 
8,764 

10, 692 
8,080 
9, 621 

10, 112 
9,273 
9,8l4 


$8,259.00 
8,613.00 
7, 724. oo 
8,451.00 
8,157.00 
8, 764. oo 

10,692 oo 
8, 080. oo 
9,621.00 

IO, 112. OO 

9,273.00 
9, 814. oo 


420 
i59 
118 
337 
435 
IS' 

90 

448 
218 
443 
373 

345 


$2IO.OO 
79-50 

59-00 
168. 50 
217-50 

75-50 

45-00 
224.00 
109.00 

221. 50 

186. 50 
172.50 


89 
31 

25 
93 

2IO 

372 
151 
255 
432 

37 
134 


$44.50 
15-50 
38-50 

12. 50 
46.50 
105.00 

1 86. oo 
75-50 
127.50 
216.00 
18.50 
67.00 


8,768 
8,803 
7,9i9 
8,813 
8,685 
9. 125 

11,154 
8,679 
10, 094 
10.987 
9-683 
10. 293 


$8,513.50 
8, 708. oo 
7,821.50 
8,632.00 
8,421.00 
8, 944. 50 

10,923.00 
8,379-50 
9,857-50 
10, 549- 50 
9, 478. oo 
10,053.50 




September 


November 
December 

1919 
January 
February 


March 
April 


May 


June, , 




Total 


107, 560 


107, 560-00 


3-537 


i, 768.50 


1,906 


933-00 


113,003 


110,281. ";r 


Month 


a 

"o 
8 

"S 


Fees at 50 cents 
each 


A s s i gnments 
and copies 


d 

M 

d 

-si 
~ 

D 
I 
Pd 


Notice of user 
in re music 


Fees for notice 
of user 


MUOJM M H w M 3 Indexing trans- 
Ifers of proprietor 


Fees at 10 cents 
each 


Search fees 


a 

5 

1. 

aj O 
*rt 

S 


1918 

July 


95 
59 
76 

1 08 
124 

7 

149 
124 
164 
167 
93 
13 = 


S 47 . 5 o 
29.50 
38.00 
54.00 
62.00 

35-00 

74-50 
62.00 
82.00 
83-50 
46.50 
66.00 


64 
90 
77 
103 
66 

IOI 

132 
79 
63 
251 
90 
167 


$146.00 

122. OO 
97-00 
131.00 
II4.OO 
130.00 

178.00 
112. OO 

107. oo 
269. oo 
114.00 
282.00 


32 ( 

40 
49 
59 
52 

33 

56 
38 
29 
49 
40 
41 


$12. 75 
I3-50 
15. oo 

19.50 

17. oo 

11.50 

18. oo 

13-75 

10. 50 
17.00 
14.00 

15.00 


$0.60 
30 
27-3 
i. 60 

I. 10 

i. 20 

1.30 
. 20 
i. 20 

3-20 
2.OO 
1.50 


$5.00 

14.50 
so 

.00 

3-oo 

.00 

25-00 
44.00 
27.00 
5-50 
7-50 

3-oo 


8,725-35 
8, 887. 80 
7,999-30 
8, 838. 10 
8, 618. 10 

9, 122. 2O 

ii, 219. So 
8,611.45 

10,085. 2 
10,927. 70 
9,662.00 
IO,42I.OO 




September 


November 
December 

1919 
January 
February 
March. . . . 


April 


May 


June. 


Total 


i,36i 


)So. 50 


1,288 


1 , 8O2 . OO 


5l8 


77.50 , 


PS 


41. 50 


135.00 


113, nS.oc 



Register of Copyrights 



137 



EXHIBIT D Comparative statement of gross cash receipts, applied fees, 
number of registrations, daily averages, etc. 



Month 


Monthly 
receipts 


Applied 
fees 


Number of registrations and comparison 
with last year 


Totals 


Increase 


.SXe 


1918 

July 


$9,025.54 
9,378-85 

8,709.15 
7,982.61 


$8,725.35 
8,887.80 
7-999-3 
8, 838- io 
8.6iS. io 


8,768 
8,803 
7>9i9 
8,813 
8,685 


151 

i, 1 60 




337 
3^6 
33 
326 
347 
365 

429 
377 
388 
423 
373 
4i* 






September 


478 
836 
5^9 


October. 




November 




n-enihT , 


12,022.31 


9. 122. 2O 






1919 
January 


12.329.58 
9.061-33 
10,682. 50 


II.2IO.80 
8,6ll.45 
IO.O85- 2O 


11.154 
8,679 


1,215 
613 




February 




March 


IS 


April 


io, 199. 45 

;C..:CN ;-: 
9-977- 77 


10.927. 7O 

9, 662- oo 
10,421.00 


10,987 
9,683 
io. 293 


986 
i-33i 
1.426 


May. . 




Jtinp . 




Total . . . 




: 17- ; : x - ',0 


113, 118.00 


113-003 





EXHIBIT E Statement of gross cash receipts, yearly fees, number of 
registrations, etc., for 22 fiscal years 



Year 


Gross 
receipts 


Yearly fees 


Number of 
registra- 
tions 


Increase 
in regis- 
trations 


Decrease 
in regis- 
trations 


1897-98 


$61.099. 56 










1898-99 


64.185.65 


58. 267-00 


80 T 968 






1899-1900 


71.072-33 


65 . 206- oo 








1900-1901 


69. ; 


63,687-50 








1901-2 


68,405.08 


64,687.00 




627 




1902-3 


-I. 533.91 


68, 874. 50 








1903-4 


02.83 










1904-5 


80.440- 56 


78. 058- oo 








1905-6 


82,610.92 


80. 198- oo 








1906-7 


87,384.31 


84,685.00 








19078 




82,387. 50 




' 




1908-9 


87,085.53 


83,816. 75 




8o 




1909-10 


113.662-83 










1910-11 


113,661. 52 






6 i 


11,057 


1911-12 


i 20. 149. 5 i 










1912-13 


118,968.26 










1913-14 












1914-15 












1915-16 


115.663.42 


112.986-85 








1916-17 


113.808. 51 










1917-18 


109, 105. 87 










1918-19 
Total 


117.518.96 


113, 118.00 


II3-003 


6.275 

















NOTE Detailed statement for 18 fiscal years, 1897-98. etc.. to 1914-15. by months 

3e found in Annual Report of Register of Copyrightsf or year 1914-15 (pp. i - s 

Report of the Librarian of Congressfor 1914-15) . For subsequent years see the respective 



138 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

EXHIBIT F Table of registrations made during fiscal years 1913-14, 
1914-15, 1915-16, 1916-17, 1917-18, and 1918-19, arranged by classes l 





1913-14 


1914-15 


1915-16 


1916-17 


I9I7-I8 


1918-19 


Class A. Books (including 














pamphlets, leaflets, 














and contributions 














to periodicals): 














(a) Printed in the United 














States. . 


28, 591 


2Qj 704 




f- 




, , 


(6) Printed abroad in a 






3 1 , 3* 2 


3 2 > 3 D 4 


3 2 ? 744 


30, 015 


foreign language 


2,860 


1,843 


1,276 


914 


636 


855 


(c) English books regis- 














tered for ad interim 














copyright 


44Q 


379 


309 


274 


23 7 


2dO 














V* 


Total 


31, SQI 


31, 926 


3 2 >897 


<!}. CC2 


7? , 6l7 




Class B. Periodicals(numbers) 


24* 134 


24, 938 


26, 553 


OOJ jj* 
26, 467 


OO J W1 - / 

25,822 


3 7? 7*o 
25,083 


Class C. Lectures, sermons, 














addresses 


*59 


142 


*57 


* 59 


152 


.. 


Class D. Dramatic or dramat- 














ico-musical compo- 














sitions 


3? 957 


3 797 


3? 223 


3, 067 


2, 71 1 


2, 2O* 


Class E. Musical compositions 


28, 493 


2 i , 406 


20,644 


20, 115 


21,849 


*l *yj 

26,209 


Class F. Maps. . . . 


i j 950 


i, 772 


i , 612 


ij 529 


I, 269 


I, 2O7 


Class G. Works of art; models 














ordesigns 


3,021 


2.965 


2, 22O 


2, 247 


1,858 


1,901 


Class H. Reproductions of 














works of art. 


2 


o 


o 


o 


2 


7 


Class I. Drawings or plastic 












/ 


works ot a scientific 














or technical charac- 














ter 


339 


513 


445 


S ia 


483 


573 


Class J. Photographs 


10,390 


10, 523 


10,626 


7; 564 


6, 109 


4>542 


Class K. Prints and pictorial 














illustrations. . 


15, 438 


12, 935 


12, 722 


II, 514 


9, T 6i 


9, 997 


Class L. Motion-picture pho- 














toplays . . . 


2,039 


2, 757 


2, 934 


2, 4IO 


1,587 


i, 295 


Class M. Motion pictures not 














photoplays 


109 


193 


306 


3IO 


251 


134 


Renewals 


i, 231 


1,326 


1,628 


1-992 


1,857 


1,906 
















Total 


133, 154 


115, 193 


115, 967 


III, 438 


106, 728 


113, 003 

















1 For detailed statement of registrations made for fiscal years from 1901 to 1912-13 see 
Annual Report of Register of Copyrights for 1914-15. 



Register of Copyrights 



139 



EXHIBIT G Table of articles deposited during 1915-16, 1916-17, 1917-18, 
and 1918-19, icith totals of articles deposited for years 1897-8 to 1918-19 





1915-16 


1916-17 


1917-18 


1915-19 


Total 
1897-19*9 


i. Books: 
(a) Printed in the United States: 


;;.'--: 


20,708 


19. 756 


17.296 







21.682 






23, 570 




Contributions to newspapers 


8,251 




10,699 


16,109 


















(4.608 


56,658 


55,216 


56.975 




(fr) Printed abroad in a foreign Ian- 




931 


CB 


1-403 




English works registered for ad in- 


299 


274 


237 


242 
















Total 


56, 104 


57-863 


56-093 


59.620 


1,077,413 




52.922 


53>382 


51,644 


50,166 


952, 104 




157 


159 


152 


152 


1-430 


4. Dramatic or dramatico-musical com- 


3,610 


3,352 


2,961 


2-554 


67,146 




33,552 


32,045 


34-874 


40-332 


962,002 


6 Maps 


3-226 


3-058 


2,520 


2>329 


76,367 


7. Works of art; models or designs 


2.227 


2,247 

o 


1,858 

4 


1.903 
14 


64,131 
2,048 












48-712 


9. Drawings or plastic works of a sden- 


646 


814 


::- 


894 


6,375 




1 8, 785 


13-947 


11.810 


8.671 


5", 9'9 


ii. Prints and pictorial illustrations 


19,265 

:c --4 


18,031 

IO, I IO 


14,411 
8,513 


14-203 
7. 3 '9 


387.770 
48,756 




524 


619 


438 


252 


2.464 












77 


15. Foreign books received under act of 










2-S27 














Total 


201,802 


195,627 


186,050 


i*B,4og 


4,212,942 















NOTE. For detailed statement of articles deposited during fiscal years 1897-8 to 
1914-15 see Annual Report of Register of Copyrights for 1914-15. 
The classification "Chromos and lithographs" is not given in law after July i. 1909. 



ADDENDUM 
COPYRIGHT BILL 

(66th Cong., ist sess. H. R. 3754. In the Senate of the United States. July 14, igig) 
Read Uvice and referred to the Committee on Patents 

AX ACT to amend sections 8 and 21 of the Copyright Act, 
approved March 4, 1909 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives 
of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That 
sections 8 and 21 of the Act entitled "An Act to amend and 
consolidate the Acts respecting copyright," approved March 
4, 1909, be amended to read as follows: 

"SEC. 8. That the author or proprietor of any work made 
the subject of copyright by this Act, or his executors, admin- 
istrators, or assigns, shall have copyright for such work 
under the conditions and for the terms specified in this Act : 
Provided, however, That the copyright secured by this Act 
shall extend to the work of an author or proprietor who is 
a citizen or subject of a foreign State or nation only: 

" (a) When an alien author or proprietor shall be domi- 
ciled within the United States at the time of the first publi- 
cation of his work; or 

" (b) When the foreign State or nation of which such 
author or proprietor is a citizen or subject grants, either by 
treaty, convention, agreement, or law, to citizens of the 
United States the benefit of copyright on substantially the 
same basis as to its own citizens, or copyright protection 
substantially equal to the protection secured to such foreign 
author under this Act or by treaty; or when such foreign 
State or nation is a party to an international agreement 
which provides for reciprocity in the granting of copyright, 
by the terms of which agreement the United States may, at 
its pleasure, become a party thereto. 

141 



142 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

"The existence of the reciprocal conditions aforesaid shall 
be determined by the President of the United States, by 
proclamation made from time to time, as the purposes of 
this Act may require: Provided, however, That all works 
made the subject of copyright by the laws of the United 
States first produced or published abroad after August i, 
1914, and before the date of the President's proclamation of 
peace, of which the authors or proprietors are citizens or 
subjects of any foreign State or nation granting similar pro- 
tection for works by citizens of the United States, the exist- 
ence of which shall be determined by a copyright proclama- 
tion issued by the President of the United States, shall be 
entitled to the protection conferred by the copyright laws 
of the United States from and after the accomplishment, 
before the expiration of fifteen months after the date of the 
President's proclamation of peace, of the conditions and 
formalities prescribed with respect to such works by the 
copyright laws of the United States: Provided further, That 
nothing herein contained shall be construed to deprive any 
person of any right which he may have acquired by the 
republication of such foreign work in the United States 
prior to the approval of this Act. 

"SEC. 2 1 . That in the case of a book first published abroad 
in the English language on or after the date of the Presi- 
dent's proclamation of peace, the deposit in the copyright 
office, not later than sixty days after its publication abroad, 
of one complete copy of the foreign edition, with a request 
for the reservation of the copyright and a statement of the 
name and nationality of the author and of the copyright 
proprietor and of the date of publication of the said book, 
shall secure to the author or proprietor an ad interim copy- 
right, which shall have all the force and effect given to 
copyright by this Act, and shall endure until the expiration 
of four months after such deposit in the copyright office." 

Passed the House of Representatives July 23, 1919. 

Attest: WM. TYLER PAGE, 

Clerk 



APPENDIX III 

MANUSCRIPTS AND BROADSIDES 
I. GIFTS, 1918-19 

From Waldo Peck Adams, Elizabeth, N. J. : 

First page of the North American Review's war weekly, Nov. 16, 

1918. 

From the American Historical Association, through Waldo G. Leland, 
Washington, D. C.: 

Address of Henry Adams to the American Historical Association, 

Dec. 12, 1894. 
From Mrs. Margarite Anderson, Chillicothe, Ohio: 

"Getting acquainted with Peace, " by Mrs. Margarite Anderson. 
From Frank D. Andrews, Vineland, N. J. : 

Justice of the Peace writs, Litchfield county, Connecticut, 1808-37. 
From Anonymous: 

Letters from Edward Payson Roe to Dr. E. A. Mearns, 1869-87. 
From M. K. Armstrong, Armstrong Bros., Hampton, Va. : 

Indenture of land rental, York county, Va., 1676; Gov. 'Nichol- 
son's grant of Smith's Island, Va., to John Custis, 1691; Inden- 
ture of sale of house and lot in Williamaburg, Va., from Wil- 
liam Blaikley to John Custis, 1718-19. (Deposit.) 
From Maurice Delariie de Beaumarchais, Conseiller d'Ambassade, 

Bureau des Affaires Etrangeres, Paris: 

Forty-six drafts on Benjamin Franklin for various sums in favor of 
Pierre Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais, June 15, 1779, signed 
by John Jay and attested by Charles Thomson. 
From William Beer, Howard Memorial Library, New Orleans, La. : 
Gov. Victor's proclamation to Louisianians [1802, Sept.]. (Type- 
written copy). 
From Charles P. Bowditch, Boston, Mass.: 

Ydioma Zapateco del Valle, 2 vols; Manual lengua Zapoteca by 
Alonzo Martinez, i vol.; Arte de la lengua Szinca by Manuel 
Maldonado de Matos, 2 vols. 
From Mrs. J. D. Burton, Oakdale, Tenn.: 

Woman's Libert)- Loan Committee circular, Victory loan, 1919, 

of Morgan county, Tenn. 
From Miss Ella Butler, Washington, D. C. : 

Continental Congress bill for $65. issue of 1779. 
From Newton H. Chittenden, Pasadena, Calif.: 

" Stories upon the Rocks' ' 
From M. M. Colejnan, Washington, D. C. : 

Two invitations to balls in honor of Lafayette at Salisbury and 
Fayettesville, N. C., 1825. (Deposit.) 



1 44 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

From Dr. J. Ackerman Coles, New York City: 

Document signed by Ferdinand and Isabella. 1486; Recall of 
Robert R. Livingston as U. S. Minister to France, 1803; Com- 
mission of John Macdonald as major in the British army, signed 
by Queen Victoria, 1853. 
From Columbia University Library, New York City: 

Mexican manuscripts relating to miscellaneous legal cases, 1590- 

1866, 27 vols. 
From Harry J. Eddo, San Francisco, Calif.: 

Singalese manuscript on palm leaves. 
From the French Pictorial Service, New York City: 
Photographs of 15 French war posters, 1914-18. 
From Dr. F. A. Colder, Washington, D. C.: 

Letters of John Paul Jones, written from Russia, 1788-89, to Prince 
de Potemkin Tauricien, Adml. Rivas, and Prince Zilen. (Pho- 
tostat prints). 
From Samuel J. Gompers, Washington, D. C.: 

Posters of the Department of Labor, Information and Education 

service, 1919. 
From Frederick Goodell, Camp librarian, Camp Wheeler, Ga.: 

Manuscript catalogue of the library of the University of Virginia, 

1815, with two ms. corrections by Thomas Jefferson, i vol. 
From Benjamin Apthorp Gould, Toronto, Canada: 

Address before the Harvard Club, 1919, Mar. 4. 
From Charles P. Greenough, Boston, Mass.: 

Letters of invitation to Daniel Webster, 1830-52, i vol. 
From Thomas B. Harned, Philadelphia, Pa.: 

Note books of Walt Whitman, 1855-1863, 24 vols.; Letters from 
Anne Gilchrist to Walt W T hitman, 1871-85 with a few drafts of 
Whitman 's replies. (Deposit.) 
From William A. Hildebrand, Jersey City Heights, N. J.: 

Miscellaneous papers of Chauncey Barnard, 1794-1869; Newburgh, 

N. Y., Musical Institute concert program, 1864. 
From John Hyde, Washington, D. C.: 

Parliamentary Recruiting Committee circular to heads of house- 
holds, 1914 (facsimile); Account of the coronation of Napoleon I, 
1804; Agricultural statistics of France. 
From Zensaku Ishiwata, Los Angeles, Calif.: 

"Only one way, The World's lasting peace." 
From Miss Cordelia Jackson, Washington, D. C.: 

John Quincy Adams' letter to Baron Hyde de Neuville, [1822]. 
From Dr. J. Franklin Jameson, Washington, D. C.: 

Confidential report of the Spanish Minister of Finance to the King 
of Spain on the treaty of purchase of Florida, with the United 
States, 1819. (Transcript.) 
From Henry Festing Jones, London, England: 

Samuel Butler's "Shakespeare's Sonnets reconsidered." 
From Miss May S. Kennedy, Baltimore, Md.: 

Miscellaneous papers and letters of James Buchanan and Harriet 
Lane Johnston, 1827-1887. 



Manuscripts Gifts 145 

From Miss F. B. de Krafft, Washington, D. C.: 

Card of admission to the Senate gallery on the occasion of the im- 
peachment of President Andrew Johnson, 1868, Mar. 23 
From Mrs. Eba Anderson Lawton, New York City : 

Miscellaneous papers of Samuel W. Crawford respecting Fort 

Sumter, 1 860-61. 
From Lee Library Association, Lee, Mass.: 

Programs of various New York theaters, 1891-98, 9 vols. 
From Dr. Clara S. Ludlow, Washington, D. C.: 

Stock certificate of Easton, Pa. Library and Rules respecting 
transfer of stock, iSn; Card of admission to medical lectures 
at the L'niversity of Pennsylvania, 1843. 
From Edward Lyons, Washington, D. C.: 
German two mark note, Aug., 1914. 
From James J. McAllister. Boise, Idaho: 

Letter from William F. Cody to President Harrison. 
From Mrs. Mars- Sherman McCallum. Washington, D. C.: 

Miscellaneous papers of John Sherman, 1856-98. (Deposit.) 
From Mrs. George K. McGaw, Baltimore, Md.: 
Papers of David Baillie Warden, 1806-1843. 
From Robert W. McLachlan, Montreal, Canada: 

Agreement between John Jacob Astor and Philip Liebert, 1792. 

(Typewritten copy, i 
From Roy Mason, New York City: 

Health bulletins of President Garfield, July 3-4, 1881. 
From R. A. Meares, Ridgeway, S. C.: 

"A Patriot's Creed," (War Saving Stamp Poster.) 
From Charles Moore, Washington, D. C.: 

Miscellaneous papers and letters relating to the Park Commission 
and restoration of the White House, 1878-1909, 6 vols. and i pkg. 
From Frank L. Neall, Philadelphia, Pa.: 

Philadelphia wharf director}-, 1891; Statement of loss in sugar 

weight of dry sugar imported from Java to New York, 1904. 
From Col. John P. Nicholson, Philadelphia, Pa.: 

Pennsylvania Thanksgiving proclamation, 1918. 
From Arthur Emmons Pearson, West Newton, Mass.: 

Kennebeck Bar resolutions on death of Washburn Benjamin, 1891; 
Photograph of George Washington's letter to the General Court 
of Massachusetts, 1775, Dec. 16. 
From Pennebaker & Raum, Washington, D. C.: 

Tennessee broadside, Extra: Battles of Medon Station and 

Britton's Lane, 1862. 
From General John J. Pershing; 

Autograph signed copy of his offer to Marshal Foch, 1918, Mar. 28. 

(Sent in response to a request from the Library.) 
From Paris C. Pitt, Baltimore, Md.: 

Letter from George Washington to James McHenry, 1783, Aug. 6. 
(Photograph.) 



146 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

From Richard A. Rice, Washington, D. C.: 

Three bank notes from the Farmers & Merchants bank of George- 
town, D. C., 1852. 
From James A. Robertson, Washington, D. C.: 

Transcripts of documents Nos. 78 and 187 from the Archivo 

General de Indias, Seville, relating to Louisiana, 1776-1779. 
From Hon. Theodore Roosevelt, Oyster Bay, L. I.: 

Papers. (This deposit was begun by the late President Roosevelt 

and completed after his death by his literary executor.) 
From Elihu Root, New York City: 

Letter to Will H. Hays, 1919, Mar. 29, on the League of Nations. 

(Sent in response to a request from the Library.) 
From Ford E. Samuel, Alameda. Calif.: 

Certificate of subscription of Wm. O. Edwards towards erecting 
the Washington Monument. (Washington National Monument 
Society.) 

From Major Wallace Streater, Inspector General's Department, 
A. E. F., France: 

Two sheets of bread tickets for August, 1918, France. 
From Hon. William Howard Taft, Washington, D. C.: 

Papers, 1877-1913. (Deposit.) 
From Col. John R. M. Taylor, U. S. A., Washington, D. C.: 

Papers of Commodore John Rodgers, 1806-36. 
From Estate of Gilbert A. Tracy, Putnam, Conn.: 

Poems of Theodore Tilton: "The Phantom Queen of Sparta"; 
"Sister Winifred's Diary"; "TheMabof the Chesapeake," i vol. 
From Lyon Gardiner Tyler, Williamsburg, Va.: 

Additional John Tyler papers and letters from Alexander Gardiner 
to his sister, Mrs. Julia Gardiner Tyler, 1819-59; Letter from 
John Tyler to Hugh Blair Grigsby, 1855. 

From U. S. Army War College, through Col. John R. M. Taylor, 
U. S. A., Washington, D. C.: 

Letter book of Samuel Hodgdon, Intendant of Military Stores, 

U. S. Army, 1795-98, i vol. 
From Miss F. M. Walcott, Hampton, Va.: 

Miscellaneous Civil War envelopes, both Union and Confederate. 
From Guy M. Walker, New York City: 

Cornelius Harnett and William Sharpe, letter to Gov. Caswell, 

1779. (Photostat print.) 

From Prof. Henry Washington, Cosmos Club, Washington, D. C.: 
Greek paper money; Sicilian railroad ticket; ticket to the Ober- 

ammergau Passion Play. 
From Miss Margaret Windeyer, Sidney, Australia: 

Broadsides: "The Australians at Bellecourt," 1917, May; Inter- 

cessary Service, Sidney, 1918, Aug. 

Young Men's Christian Association, Army Educational Commission, 
A. E. F., Paris: 

Raymond Poincare, Ferdinand Foch, Philippe Petain and Joseph 
Joffre. Autograph signed welcomes to the American troops on 
their arrival in France, June, 1918. 



Manuscripts Accessions 147 

II. GENERAL LIST OF ACCESSIONS, 1918-19 

UNITED STATES 

Army: 

Record of pay certificates issued to Continental soldiers (Massa- 
chusetts), 1783-4, Nos. 5245-10203, i vol.; Same to New Hamp- 
sh're, Rhode Island and Connecticut soldiers, 1784, Jan., Nos. 
15, 430-18, 693, i vol.; Same to Maryland soldiers, 1784-5, Nos. 
86, 628-93, 697, i vol. Ledger of accounts of various officers, 
1776-1784, i vol. Letter book of Samuel Hodgdon, Intendant of 
Military Stores, 1795-98, i vol. Ledger of accounts of the Quar- 
termaster General Department, 1796-97 (Ledger A), i vol. 
Ledger No. i of miscellaneous supplies, 1797-99, i vol. Original 
autograph signed letters of welcome from President Poincare, 
Marshals Joffre and Foch and General Petain to the American 
troops on their arrival in France, June 1918. 
Civil War: 

Collection of Union and Confederate envelopes in colors and black 
and white (Over 200 pieces); a card of patriotic stickers and a 
blank sheet of Confederate writing paper. 
Confederate States of America: 

Act for building 100 gunboats, 1861 , Dec. 24; Discharge of a soldier 
in the South Carolina reserves and letter respecting same, 1862-63; 
Receipt for forage in payment of taxes, 1863, Oct.; Beauregard, 
P. G. T., circular letter, 1863, Jan. 17. 
Consuls: 

Copies of accounts of U. S..consuls to the Barbary Powers in con- 
formity with the resolution of the House of Representatives, 
1813, July 30. 
Continental Congress: 

Secret Committee letter to Robert Morris, 1777, Jan. 18. 
Diplomacy : 

Recall of Robert R. Livingston as Minister to France, 1803, Apr. 18. 
Finance : 

Forty -six drafts on Benjamin Franklin for various sums in favor 
of Pierre Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais, 1779, June 15; Bill 
for $65, issue of 1779; Three bank notes of the Farmers & Mer- 
chants Bank of Georgetown, D. C., 1852. 
Food Administration: 

Minutes of the Committee on Prices, Aug. 17-29, 1917, i vol. (Type- 
written copy); Press releases, 1917-18, 5 vols.; Press releases, 
Commission for relief in Belgium, 1917-18, i vol.; Food control 
in Australia, 1917, Oct-Dec., i vol. 
Fuel Administration: 

Press releases, 1917-19, 10 vols. 
Indians: 

Coqualahgeutah. Speech to the Quakers of Philadelphia, in hand- 
writing of and attested by George Morgan, 1776, Mar. 29; Creek 
claims. Record of property assessed and names of claimants, 
i vol.; Newton H. Chittenden's Stories upon the Rocks, a 
treatise on prehistoric cuttings, etc. in California, Arizona and 
New Mexico, i vol. 



1 48 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Miscellany: 

Lewis, Joseph, jr. Letter to Abraham Bradley, 1814, Nov. 8; 
Preston, William C. Letter to W. C. Rives, [1836]. 

Navy: 

Power of attorney of officers and crew of the Lynch to John Brad- 
ford, 1776, Aug, 19; Letter from the Secretary of War to Captain 
John Barry, 1798, May 22. 

Politics: 

Call for a caucus of the Democratic members of Congress, 1824, 
Feb. ; Circular of Whig members of Congress, 1843, Jan. 

Railroad Administration: 

Circulars of Car service section, 1917-18, i vol. 

Revolutionary War: 

1775-77, Return of British prisoners taken by the American Army, 
tabular statement of names; 1776, Aug. 16, Pettibone, Jonathan, 
letter to John Lawrence; 1777, Sept. 7, Mifflin, Jonathan, letter 
to Thomas Wharton; 1777, Oct. 16, Virginia militia officers 
remonstrance to Brig. gen. Edward Hand; 1777, Oct. 27, Potter, 
James, letter to Thomas Wharton; 1778, Feb. 23, Oath of allegiance 
to the United States of Horatio Gates, Timothy Pickering and 
others; 1779, Sept. 30, Patterson, Samuel, letter to Caesar Rodney; 
1779, Nov. 29; Agreement for an exchange of prisoners at Charles- 
ton, S. C., 1779, Nov. 29 with 22 pages of prisoners' names; 1779, 
Dec. 24, Pettit, Charles, letter to Nehemiah Hubbard; 1780, Aug. 
20, Rawdon, Francis, Lord, letter to his father; 1780, Sept. 10, 
McHenry , James, letter to Nathanael Greene ; 1 780-81 , Blanchard, 
James, account with the state of New Hampshire while pay- 
master of the 2d New Hampshire regiment, i vol.; 1780-83, 
Journal, in French, of the campaign of the French army in 
America, i vol.; 1781, Mar. 7, Scammell, Alexander, letter; 
1781, Apr. 16, Lochry, Alexander, Letter to Shay & Morris; 
1781-83, Weekly returns of the 5th Massachusetts regiment 
commanded by Col. Rufus Putnam, i vol.; 1781-82, July n- 
Apr. 29, Quartermaster General's letter book, i vol.; 1782, June 
24, Steele, John, letter to the Committee of Specific Supplies, 
Pitt County, N. C.; 1783, Dec. 17, Instructions from the Con- 
tinental and State line of Virginia troops to the surveyors of 
their bounty lands, D. S: Daniel Morgan, George Rogers Clark 
and others; Abstracts of payments made to Massachusetts 
Revolutionary War pensioners from May 2, 1815 to Sept. 4, 
1819, alphabetically arranged, i vol.; Payments made at the 
U. vS. Branch Bank, Boston, to Massachusetts Revolutionary 
War pensioners for the 2d quarter of 1820, 2,365 names, alpha- 
betically arranged, i vol.; List of Revolutionary War claimants 
under the Act of May 15, 1828, alphabetically arranged and 
certified to by the 3d Auditor, i vol. 



Manuscripts .4 ccessions 1 49 

Treasury: 

Appropriations from the commencement of the present government 
to the end of the year 1795, i vol.; A folio volume of miscellaneous 
records containing an index of accounts of U. S. marshals in 
various districts, 1797-1805; List of indemnification bonds on 
file in the Comptroller's office, 1796-1817, alphabetically 
arranged; Receipts for sundry payments made by John Haber- 
sham, U. S. Collector at Savannah, Ga.; Statement of claims of 
foreign officers against the United States, 1794-1803; List of 
names of the Judiciary with those of the attorneys, clerks and 
marshals; Day Book of accounts kept in the office of the 3d 
Auditor, 1817-22, i vol.; Certificates of payments due from the 
U. S. for services in the Revolutionary War, 1829, i vol. (800 
cases listed i ; Accounts of supervisors of the Direct Tax assessed 
on the States by the Act of July 14, 1798, i vol.; Register of 
warrants for domesticating London Louisiana six per cent an 
other stock, i vol.; List of three per cent stock. Virginia Loan 
Office, 1810-17, i vol.; 1831-33, Commissioners of Insolvency; 
Record of hearings before the commissioners in Massachusetts, 
Pennsylvania and the Southern District of New York, i vol.; 
Letter book of letters from Baring & Company to the Treasury 
Department, 1803-33, i vol. 

War Trade Board: 

Press releases, 1918-19, i vol. 

INDIVIDUAL STATES AND TERRITORIES 

Alaska: 

Russian- American Company. Miscellaneous letters and papers 
relating to the U. S. and Russian relations prior to the purchase 
of Alaska. 
California: 

San Francisco Vigilance Committee, certificate of membership, 

1856. 
Connecticut : 

Town meeting proceedings on salary of minister, 1723-26; Writs 
of a justice of the peace of Litchfield county, 1808-37. (About 
50 pieces.) 
Florida: 

Confidential report of Spanish Minister of Finance to the King of 
Spain on the treaty with the United States for the purchase of 
Florida, 1819, May 20. (Typewritten copy.) 
Louisiana: 

Transcripts of documents Xos. 78 and 187 from the Archivo Gen- 
eral de Indias, Seville, relating to Louisiana, 1776-79; Procla- 
mation of Governor Victor to the Louisianians [1802, Sept.] 
(Typewritten copy and translation.) 
New Hampshire : 

Sherburne, Henry and others, memorial to the legislature and 
vote on same, 1739, Feb. 22. 



1 50 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

New Jersey: 

Miscellaneous papers of the Society for establishing useful man- 
ufactures, 1792-1822. (20 pieces.) 

New York : 

Miscellaneous papers of the Genesee Company, 1787-94. (6 
pieces.) 

Northwest Territory: 

Law for fixing the term of the General Court, 1788, Aug. 

Pennsylvania: 

Morris, Robert Hunter, Orders to Lt. col. Armstrong, the Com- 
missioners of Cumberland county and James Young, 1756, 
June 14; Governor's letter book of letters to the collector of the 
port of Philadelphia with manifests of supplies shipped to the 
King's forces in the West Indies, Halifax and elsewhere, 1756- 
58, i vol; Dunlap, William, receipt for printing naturalization 
certificates, 1763, Sept.; Order on the State Treasurer to pay 
the reward for the capture of the kidnappers of Timothy Pick- 
ering, 1789, Feb. 24; Minutes of the proceedings of the Asylum 
Company, 1794-97, i vol. 

South Carolina: 

Thred, Richard, deed of transfer of land on the Wan doe river to 
Isaac Mazicq, 1700, Jan.; Two letters respecting the settlement 
of Purysburg and a certificate signed by sundry inhabitants, 
1733; Contemp. copies, in French; Governor Moultrie, letter to 
Governor Patrick Henry, 1786, June 27; Pickens, Andrew, 
letter to Thomas Pinckney, 1787, Nov. 9; Governor and council, 
resolves respecting defaulters when summoned for military duty 
in the South Carolina Reserves, 1863, Jan. 

Tennessee: 

List of political and state prisoners [1861]. 

Virginia: 

Indenture of land rental in middle plantation, York County by 
John Clarke to Isaac Merritt for the yearly rent of one pepper 
corn, 1676, June 16 (Parchment); Grant of land of all of Smith's 
Island in Northampton county to John Custis in free socage for 
the yearly rent of one shilling for every 50 acres. D. S; Francis 
Nicholson, Gov., 1691, Apr. 18; Privy Council of Great Britain's 
refusal of assent to the Virginia Act for establishing ports and 
towns in Virginia, 1709, Dec. 15; General Assembly act to enable 
John and Francis Custis to sell entailed property, 1711; Inden- 
ture of sale of house and lot in Williamsburg to John Custis, 
1718-9, Jan. 13; Catalogue of the library of the University of 
Virginia, with two ms. corrections in the handwriting of Thomas 
Jefferson, bound in front of a copy of the catalogue of the Library 
of Congress of 1815, i vol. 
Washington, D. C.: 

Marsteller, Ferdinand, payrolls of his company of District of 
Columbia militia stationed at Fort Washington, 1813. (9 pieces.) 



Manuscripts Accessions 151 

MISCELtAXEOUS 
Account Books: 

1785-1834. Shapleigh Morgan, Eneas Morgan and Squier and 

John Lee, i vol. Groton, Conn. 

1794-1798. Ormsby, Oliver and Alexander McLaughlin, Pitts- 
burg, 2 vols. 
Almanacs: 

1774-1790. Lowe's, Ames', Cambridge and others, with ms. 

notes and memoranda by John White of Salem, Mass. 9 vols. 
America, British Colonies: 

An entire collection of all letters, patents, commissions, etc. granted 
in relation to foreign trades, discoveries and plantations, espe- 
cially in America, 1497-1 706, 3 vols. (Copies madeby the direc- 
tion of William Blathwayt for the use of the Commissioners of 
Trade and Plantations; the first document is the patent from 
Henry VII to John Cabot and his three sons for the discovery of 
unknown lands, 1497, Feb. 3, and the last a letter from the Lord 
High Treasurer to the Governor of Barbadoes, 1706, Apr. 22); 
Journals of the Commissioners of Trade and Plantations, 
1670-1674, and 1677-1679 and 1684, 1685, 1686. 3 vols. Official 
correspondence relating to military affairs, mainly of the American 
Revolution, 1759-1782, i vol. (51 pieces.) 
France: 

Account of coronation of Napoleon I, 1804, Dec. 2; Translation of 

two articles on French agricultural statistics. 
Germany: 

Two mark note, Aug. 12, 1914 (Berlin issue); Ticket to the Passion 

Play at Oberammergau; Four soldier's pass books [1918]. 
Greece : 

Paper money (2 pieces) 
Great Britain: 

Trustees of the St. James Charity Girls, Westminster, London, 
power of attorney to sell South Sea Company stock, 1722, Nov. 
26; Commission of major in the army to John Macdonald, signed 
by Queen Victoria and Lord Palmerston, 1853, June 4; Parlia- 
mentary Recruiting Committee circular to heads of households, 
1914, Dec. (Facsimile.) 
Guatemala: 

Maldonado de Matos, Manuel. Arte de la lengua Szinca, 2 vols. 
Japan : 

" Only one Way, the World's lasting Peace, " by Zensaku Ishiwata, 

in the Japanese character, i vol. 
Journals and Diaries: 

Wheeler, Richard. Diary and account book, 1771-1788. 
Rodney, Thomas. Diary, 1776-1777, Dec. i-Jan. 28. 
Jackson, A. C. Journal of a cruise in the U.S. Frigate United States 
and in the U.S. Frigate Savannah, 1841-46. 
140387 19 11 



152 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Journals and Diaries Continued. 

Pease, William C. Diary of a voyage from Charleston, S. C. to 
San Francisco while in command of the U. S. Revenue Cutter 
Jefferson Dams, 1854, Jan.-July. 

Drayton, A. L. Diary kept on board the Confederate steamer 
Florida and Confederate brigantine Clarence, 1863, Jan.- June. 
Literature: 

"Getting acquainted with Peace," by Mrs. Margarite Anderson. 
Mercantile Marine: 

Abstract of journal or log of the brig Ellen-Maria on a voyage to 
the Northwest coast of America, 1818-20 and journal of the 
schooner Paladium on a voyage from Salem, Mass, to St. Mich- 
aels, 1823-24, in i vol. 
Mexico : 

Miscellaneous manuscripts relating to legal cases, 1590-1866, 
27 vols.; Ydioma Zapateco del Valle, 2 vols. ; Alonzo Martinez, 
Manual lengua Zapoteca, i vol. 
Miscellaneous: 

Card of admission to the U. S. Senate gallery on occasion of im- 
peachment of Andrew Johnson, 1868, Mar. 23; Certificate of 
contribution towards the erection of the Washington Monument. 
Orderly Books: 

Lee, Charles. 1776, Jan. 26-Nov. 17. 
Pendleton, Nathaniel, 1781-82, Apr. 8-Jan. 2. 
Orientalia: 

Singalese manuscript on palm leaves. 
Poetry: 

Shakespeare's Sonnets reconsidered, by Samuel Butler, with 
introductory chapters, notes and a reprint of the original 1609 
edition. (This is Butler's ms. of his 1899 publication.) 
Sicily: 

Railroad ticket. 
Spain : 

Document signed by Ferdinand and Isabella, 1486. 
Theatrical programs : 

Programs of various New York theaters, 1891-98, 9 vols. 
West Indies: 

Letter books of letters written from Grenada by George, Earl 
Macartney, while Captain-General and Governor of the Caribbee 
Islands, 1777-79, 4 v l s - 

PERSONAL 

Adams, Henry. Address to the American Historical Association, 1894, 

Dec. 12. 

Adams, John. Letter to Thomas B. Adams, 1796, Apr. 7. 
Adams, John Quincy. Letter to Baron Hyde de Neuville [1822], 

May ii. 
Andrew, John A. Letter to Rev. L. A. Grimes, 1855, Mar. 5. 



Manuscripts A ccessions 1 53 

Astor, John Jacob and Philip Liebert. Agreement, 1792, Aug. 25. 
(Type written copy.) 

Baldwin, Abraham. Letter to Thomas Worthington, 1800, Dec. 24. 

Barclay, Thomas. Commission as U. S. Commissioner in Europe, 

1782, Dec. 21. Copy attested by Franklin. 
.Barksdale, E. Letter to J. Tarbell, 1867, Sept. 5. 

Barlow, Joel. Letter to Theodosius Bailey, 1812, Jan. 20. 

Barnard, Chauncey. Miscellaneous papers, 1794-1869. (12 pieces.) 

Barnwell, R. W. Letter to Waddy Thompson, 1863, Mar. 28. 

Beauregard, Pierre G. T. Narrative, memoir, memoranda, etc., with 
copies of documents, critical comment, etc., on the Civil War includ- 
ing Henry A. Wise's narrative of the defense of Charleston in 1863-64 
and Johnson Hagood 's narratives of the defense of Morris Island and 
Petersburg in 1863 and 1864. 

Bedinger, Henry. Letter to Henry A. Wise, 1856, Apr. 10. 

Bee, Thomas. Letter to Jacob Reed, 1784, Apr. 15; letter to Richard 
Peters, 1800, Feb. 2. 

Belcher, Jonathan. Letter to Richard Waldron, 1740-1, Feb. 19. 

Belknap, William H. Letter to Cunningham, 1881, Sept. 20. 

Bell, John. Letter to N. Ridgeway, 1860, May 29. 

Benjamin, Washburn. Resolutions of the Kennebec bar on the death 
of, 1891, Dec. 19. 

Bennett, Henrietta. Letter to Seaton, 1830. 

Bennett, James Gordon. Letter to Thomas Ritchie, 1845, Nov. 10. 

Benton, Thomas H. Letter to the Acting Secretary of War, 1841 , Oct. 6. 

Berrien, John Macpherson. Letter to Richard H. Wilde, 1826, Dec. 
30; letter to Major Harris, 1847, Jan. 9, 1848, Oct. 2. 

Bierstadt, Albert. Three letters to Russell, 1870. 

Bird, Robert M. Letter to Morton McMichael, [184-] Feb. 18. 

Blain, John T. Letter to Foote, Burke & Brown, 1848, Aug. 5. 

Boudinot, Elias. Letter to Rev. Mr. Griffin, 1804, July 21; letter to 
Lewis Pintard, 1812, Feb. 15. 

Bourdieu, James. Narrative of his proceedings in the case of Henry 
Laurens, 1780, Oct. 

Boutelle, C. O. Letter to Alexander Dallas Bache, 1862, July 16. 

Bowditch, Nathaniel. Letter to Rev. Ichabod Nichols, 1809, Oct. 14. 

Bradford, John. Letter to Henry Bromfield & Co., 1775, Aug. 17. 

Brennan, John. Letter to Solomon Van Rensselaer, 1825, Sept. 13. 

Brewster, Benjamin H. Letter to Daniel Sturgeon, 1850, Dec. 9; 
letter to C. L. Woodward, 1853, Jan. n. 

Brownlow, W. P. Letter to Dr. Sprague, 1862, Oct. 2. 

Browne, John Ross. Letter to George W. Rice, 1844, July 12. 

Brownell, Thomas C. Letter to Prof. Silliman, 1820, Feb. 15. 

Buchanan, James. Letters to Isaac D. Barnard, 1831, Nov. 16, to 
Henry A. Wise, 1851, Mar. 8, and to James Campbell, 1853, Mar. 10. 

Buchanan-Johnston Papers. Miscellaneous papers and letters of James 
Buchanan and letters to Harriet Lane Johnston, 1827-1887. (About 
650 pieces.; 



1 54 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Burd, Edward. Letter to Edward Shippen, 1769, Aug. 4. 

Burritt, Elihu. Letter to Rev. Mr. Patton, 1859, July. 

Byrd, W. M. Letter to Robert Tyler, 1874, Aug. 4. 

Cabell, William H. Letter to Wilson Gary Nicholas, 1808, Jan. 9. 

Campbell, Archibald. Letter to Robert Ferguson, 1790, Jan. 27. 

Carleton, Sir Guy. Letter to Lord Sidney, 1786, Aug. 29. 

Carroll, John. Photostat prints of letters, 1785. (24 sheets.) 

Cheves, Langdon. Letter to Waddy Thompson, 1830, June 7. 

Clay, Henry. Letter to Rev. Mr. Stansbury, 1835, Dec. 19; letter to 
Thomas H. Clay, 1836, Jan. 25; letter to Nathaniel Silsbee, 1842, 
Sept. 23. 

Clayton, John M. Letter to Caleb S. Layton, 1829, Mar. 9; letter to 
S. A. Foot, 1846, Feb. 8. 

Clinton, DeWitt. Letter to Dr. Alexander Clinton, 1788, Nov. 25; 
letter to John Smith, 1802, Feb. 2. 

Clinton, James. Letter to William Cross, 1789, Feb. 13. 

Cody, William F. (Buffalo Bill). Letter to President Harrison. 

Conkling, Roscoe. Letter to George F. Edmunds. 1883, Nov. 19. 

Conrad, D. H. Letter to Stephen B. Ruggles, 1859, Nov. 29. 

Cox, S. S. Letter to George B. McClellan, 1864, June 9. 

Crawford, Samuel W. Miscellaneous papers, 1860-61. 

Culley[?], J. A. Letter, 1861, Apr. 15. 

Curtenius, F. William. Letter to Luther Bradish, 1830, Aug. 17. 

Curtis, Edward. Letters to Samuel B. Ruggles, 1841-53. (45 pieces.) 

Gushing, Caleb. Letters to Thomas C. Reynolds, 1853, Nov. 26; 
1854, May 2. 

Gushing, Thomas. Letter to Elbridge Gerry, 1775, June 10. 

Custis, George W. P. Letter to Samuel H. Smith, 1831, Sept. 27. 

Cuyler, John, jr. Invoice of furs shipped to London and list of goods 
desired in return, 1736, May 31. 

Dallas, Alexander J. Memorandum of suspension of specie payments 
and letter to William White, 1814, Nov. 17; letter to Jonathan Day- 
ton, 1804, May 6. 

Davis, M. L. Letter to Thurlow Weed, 1837, Mar. 16. 

Dawson, Henry B. Letter to P. G. T. Beauregard, 1872, July n. 

Deane, Silas. Letter to Robert Morris, 1777, Oct. i. 

Delavan, Edward C. Letter to J. R. W. Dunbar, 1834, Feb. 24; cir- 
cular letter, 1836, Mar. i; letter to , 1842, Dec. 31. 

Donelson, Andrew J. Letters to Andrew Jackson, 1823-36. (31 
pieces.) 

Draper, William B. Letter to Draper, 1864, Oct. 22. 

Duke, R. T. W. Letter to Ben: Perley Poore, 1870, Dec. 12. 

Edwards, Pierpont. Letter to Samuel Huntington, 1791, Nov. 3; 
letter to John Woodworth, 1806, Mar. i. 

Ellsworth Oliver. Account against the town of Symsbury, Conn., as 
state 's attorney , 1778, Apr . 

Emerson, L. E. Letter to Augustus Kingman, 1850, Feb. 28. 

Erving, George W. Letter to Henry Dearborn, 1801, Nov. 13. 

Ewing, Thomas. Letter, 1826, Jan. 31. 



A lamiscripts A ccessions 155 

Fairfax, Ferdinand. Letter to Wilson Gary Nicholas, 1808, Feb. 5. 
Fessenden, William Pitt. Letter, 1860, Dec. 14; letter to Nelson 

Dingley, jr., 1864, Oct. 13. 
Fillmore, Millard. Letters to S. G. Haven. 1839, Nov. 28; 1840, Jan. 

J 5- 

Forney, John W. Letters, 1849-81. ( 14 pieces. > 
Forrest, French. Letter, 1862, May 27. 

Forrest, Uriah. Letter to Benjamin Stoddert, 1783, Mar. 26. 
Garfield, James A. Letter to Henry Villard, 1869, Apr. n; health 

bulletins, July 3 and 4, 1881. 
Gerry, Elbridge. Letter to committee of Massachusetts General 

Assembly. 1780, Sept. 21. 
Gervais, John Lewis, and Gervais & Owen. Miscellaneous papers, 

1783-89. (17 pieces.) 

Gervais, John Lewis. Letter to Henry Laurens, 1784, Oct. n. 
Gibbons, Thomas. Letter to Charles Harris, 1797, May 29. 
Gould, Benjamin Apthorp. Address before the Harvard Club, 1919, 

Mar. 4. 

Hamilton, Thomas. Letter to Thomas Mifflin, 1794. Apr. 4. 
Hammond, James H. Proposed amendments to the United States 

Constitution [1859]. 

Hamlin, Hannibal. Letter to Melein Lord, 1834, Dec, 23. 
Harnett, Cornelius and William Sharpe. Letter to Gov. Richard Cas- 

well, 1779, Nov. 4. (Photostat print.) 
Hatch, John P. Letters, 1845-63. (About 135 pieces.) 
Hawsey, J. Letter to Isaac Levy, 1835, Nov. 20. 
Hayne, Paul H. Letter to Roberts & Bros., 1866, Dec. 21. 
Hays, Ann Hawks. Memorial to Governor and Council of Appoint- 
ment, 1783, June 25. 
Hazard, Ebenezer. Letter to Jedidiah Morse, 1788, Dec. 29; letter to 

Timothy Alden, 1814, Aug. 29. 
Heintzelman, S.V. Military order to search ahouse in Alexandria, Va., 

1861, June. 

Henry, Patrick. Col. John Syme s account, 1771-78. 
Higginson, Stephen. Letter to LeRoy & Bayard, 1792, Mar. 28. 
Hobart, Nathaniel P. Letters from J.'H. Hobart, H. U. Onderdonk, 

W. H. DeLancey and others, 1811-32. (20 pieces, i 
Hodsdon, John L- Letter to William P. Fessenden, 1865, Oct. 18. 
Hopkins, Samuel. Letter to Rev. Mr. Foxcroft, 1759, Dec. 5. 
Hughes, Christopher. Letters to Thomas Aspinwall, [John Payne] 

Todd and Hugh Legare, 1816-43. (4 pieces.) 
Huidekoper, H. J. Affidavit, 1842, Sept. 16. 
Hunter, William. Letter to Jacob Barker, 1829, Feb. 15. 
Huntington, Jedidiah. Letter to Samuel Huntington, jr., 1788, Apr. 8. 
Izard, Ralph. Letter to Henry Laurens, 1778, Apr. n. 
Jackson, Andrew. Letter to Thomas Kirkman, 1818, Oct. 20. 
Jackson, J. H. Letter to Luther Bradish, 1836, Jan. 19. 
Jefferson, Thomas. Memorandum book, 1776-1820, i vol. 
Jenifer, Daniel. Letter to Virgil Maxey, 1824, Feb. 15. 



156 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Johnson, Joseph E. Letter to Robert E. Lee, 1861, May 28. 

Jones, John Paul. Letters to Prince de Potemkin Tauricien, Admiral 

Rivas and Prince Zilen, 1788-89. (Photostat sheets.) 
Jones, Stephen, jr. Letter to Andrews & Cooke, 1806, Apr. 14. 
Kenner, Duncan F. Account of his mission to Europe, 1865, Jan. -Feb. 
King, Preston. Letter to J. L. Russell, 1836, Oct, 25. 
Ladd, George W. Letter to W. L. Sawyer, 1888, Jan. 18. 
Langdon, Woodbury. Letter to Nathaniel Peabody, 1779, Dec. 5. 
Langeron, Comte de and Marquis de. Papers, 1761-89. (About 460 

pieces.) 
Laurens, Henry. Letter to John Laurens, 1775, July 30; letter to John 

Penn, 1779, Apr. 8. 

Lee, Anne R. Letter to Charles Carter Lee, 1833, Nov. 12. 
Leech, R. T. Letter to John Tod, 1828, Mar. 15. 
Lieber, Francis. Letter to T. Le Souef, 1836, May 10; letter to Rev. H. 

B. Smith, 1861, Feb. 21; letter to Samuel B. Ruggles, 1842, July 14. 
Little, Charles J. Letter to Henry B. Dawson, 1885, Feb. i. 
Livermore, Samuel. Letter to John Langdon, 1786, Feb. 5. 
Livingston, Cambridge. Letter to Montgomery Livingston, 1854, Sept. 

22. 

Livingston, Henry. Letter to Walter Livingston, 1777, May 24. 
Livingston, Robert R. Letter to De Witt Clinton, 1802, Jan. 14. 
Lloyd, John. Papers, 1806-67. (About 5,000 pieces.) 
Low, Isaac. Letter to John Mitchell, 1774, Mar. 7. 
Lowndes, Rawlins. Letter to Governor Caswell, 1778, Aug. 
Lownes, John. Letter book, 1760-69. 
Lowrie, Walter. Letters, 1827-37. (12 pieces.) 
Lyman, Samuel P. Letter to Samuel B. Ruggles, 1839, Jan. 27. 
McDonald, Charles J. Letters, 1825-52. (4 pieces.) 
Maclaine, A. Letter to James Iredell, 1788, Apr. 29. 
Madison, James (Bishop). Letter to Patrick Henry, 1781, Apr. 3. 
Mangum, Willie P. Papers, 1810-61. (About 2,000 pieces.) 
Mazzei, Philip. Papers, 1773-1817. (33 pieces.) 
Mercer, Charles Francis. Letter to Joseph Gales, jr., 1825, Mar. 26. 
Mico, Joseph. Letters to Robert Livingston, 1733, July 21 and Aug. 

2 5- 

Monroe, James. Two pages of the autograph draft of "A View of the 
conduct of the Executive" [1797, Dec. 2]. 

Montgomery, John. Letter to Edward Hand, 1784, Feb. 20. 

Moore, Charles, of Pennsylvania. Letters to James Wright and others, 
!757-74- (n pieces.) 

Moore, Charles. Miscellaneous letters and papers relating to the res- 
toration of the White House, 1902-3; the Park Commission, 1901-3 
and other matters, 1878-1909, 6 vols. and i package. 

Moran, Thomas. Letter giving his autobiographical sketch, 1874, 
Dec. 17. 

Morgan, George. Letter to Samuel Adams, 1792, Jan. 15. 

Morgan, John J. Letter to Smith Thompson, 1823, Mar. 26. 



Manuscripts A ccessions 157 

Morris, Robert. Order of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court for his 

arrest for debt. Certified copy, 1797, Sept. 16, with seal of the court. 
Mott, Lucretia. and Man,' Grew. Letter to Leonard Myers, 1851, 

Mar. 21. 

Mower, J. B. Letters to Linn Boyd, 1851-2. (2 pieces.) 
Nevius, R. H. Letters to S. B. Ruggles, 1838-9. (5 pieces.) 
Nisbet, Charles. Letter to Rev. Samuel Miller, 1801, Mar. 10. 
North, William. Letter to Benjamin Walker, 1798, Sept. 29. 
Page, John. Letter to Francis P. Blair, 1832, July 12. 
Peabody, Nathaniel. Letter, 1784, Dec. 10. 
Perry, Matthew C. Letter to Jesse Hoyt, 1838, Oct. 17. 
Pershing , John J . Autograph signed copy of his offer to Marshal Foch 

1918, Mar. 28. 

Pettit, Charles. Letter to Jeremiah Wadsworth, 1786, Dec. 12. 
Phillips, Wendell. Letter to Sidney Woollett, 1873, Mar. 30. 
Pierce. O. B. Letter to Thurlow Weed, 1858, Nov. 21. 
Randolph, John "of Roanoke." Miscellaneous papers, 1814-34. (48 

pieces together with a diary and legation letter-book of John Ran- 
dolph Clay, 1830-1.) 

Remsen. Henry. Letter to Thomas Farmar, 1811, Feb. 8. 
Rencher, Abraham. Letter to Henry A. Wise, 1856, Jan. 31. 
Reynolds, E. L. Letters to John Martin, 1850. (5 pieces.) 
Rivington, James. Letter to Joseph Thomas, 1793, Feb. 6. 
Robertson, Thomas B. Letters to Fulwar Skipwith and others, 1816- 

22. (8 pieces.) 

Robertson, Wyndham, jr. Letter to [E. L.] Reynolds, 1848, Jan. 10. 
Rodgers, John. Papers, 1806-1836. (About 950 pieces.) 
Rodney, Caesar and Caesar A. Miscellaneous papers, 1774-1817. (36 

pieces.) 
Roe, Edward Payson. Letters to Dr. E. A. Mearns, 1869-87. (About 

40 pieces.) 

Roosevelt, Theodore. Papers, 1897-1918. (Not open to investigators.) 
Root, Elihu. Letter to Will H. Hayes, 1919, Mar. 29. 
Royall, Anne. Letters to Richardson & Lord, 1817, Aug. 29, and 

1827, Aug. 16. 

Satmders. John L. Letter to H. G. Purviance, 1851, Sept. 17. 
Saxton, Rufus. Letter to the Board of Home Missions, 1862, Oct. 
Scott, Leonard. Letter to Mr. Stringer, 1851, Dec. i. 
Sharpe , William . Letter to Committee of Accounts of North Carolina, 

1780, Feb. 8. 

Sherman. John. Miscellaneous papers, 1856-1898. (About 250 pieces.) 
Shipman, Thomas. Letter to Henry Remsen, jr., & Co., 1769, Mar. 6. 
Short, William. Letter to Thomas Pinckney, 1796, June 19. 
Simms, Charles. Letter to Samuel Tillett, 1790, Nov. 19. 
Skipwith, Fulwar. Letter to Richard Cjirson, 1795, Sept. 28. 
Slade, William. Letter to George P. Marsh and E. A. Stanbury, 

1845-48. (4 pieces.) 

Smith, Jedidiah K. Letter to J. B. Moore, 1809, Jan. 29. 
Smith, Samuel. Letters to General M. Lieb, 1812, July 31 and Oct. 14. 



158 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Stanton, Henry B. Letters to Charles L. Woodbury, 1852-3. 

(6 pieces.) 

Stearns, Jana and others. Letter to Luther Bradish, 1836, May 9. 
Stewart, Walter. Letter to John Nicholson, 1795, Jan. 26; letter to 

Henry Jackson, 1783, Nov. 23. 

Taft, William Howard. Papers, 1877-1913. (Not open to investi- 
gators.) 

Taney, Roger B. Letter to J. Mason Campbell, 1850, Feb. 22. 
Taylor, John. Letter to Wilson Gary Nicholas, 1802, Sept. 16. 
Thomas, Isaiah. Letters, 1789-1820. (n pieces.) 
Thomson, Charles. Miscellaneous papers, 1770-83. (4 pieces.) 
Tilton, Theodore. Poems, i vol. 

Towle, E. J. Letter to Thurlow Weed, 1848, Mar. 23. 
Treat, Samuel. Letters to Thomas C. Reynolds, 1856-63. (9 pieces.) 
Troup, Robert. Letters to Aaron Burr, Benjamin Walker, and others, 

1780-1820. (10 pieces.) 
Trumbull, John. Letter to and account against Benjamin West, 

1901, July 20. 

Tyler, John. Papers, 1792-1861. (About 500 pieces.) 
Underwood, John C. Papers, 1856-1773. (About 150 pieces.) 
Waldron, William. Letter to Richard Waldron, 1725, July 5. 
Walker ,. Benjamin. Letter to Baron Steuben, 1785, Jan. 26. 
Walker, Joseph. Letter book, 1791-1807. 
Warden, David Baillie. Papers, 1806-43. (About 1,000 pieces and 

25 notebooks.) 

Washington, Bushrod. Letter to Samuel L. Southard, 1825, Aug. 17. 
Washington, George. Letter to the General Court of Massachusetts, 

1775, Dec. 16 (Photograph); letter to James McHenry, 1783, Aug. 6 

(Photograph). 

Webster, Daniel. Letters of invitation from various sources, 1830-52. 
Webster, Sidney. Letter to Thomas C. Reynolds, 1856, Apr. 7. 
Wendell, John. Letter to Elbridge Gerry, 1799, Feb. 15. 
Whitman, Walt. Notebooks, 1855-63 (24 vols); letters from Anne 

Gilchrist, 1871-85 with a few drafts of Whitman's replies. 
Wilkinson, James. Miscellaneous letters and papers, 1805-15. 

(9 pieces.) 
Wilson, Henry. Letters to E. A. Stansbury and others, 1851-74 

(8 pieces); letter to Thomas Wentworth Higginson. 
Winthrop, Robert C. Letters, 1843-87. (21 pieces.) 
Wise, Henry A. Letter to Leslie Combs, 1843, Jan. 24; letter to 

Henry T. Clarke, 1862, Jan. 18. 

Woodbury, Levi. Letter to John H. Howard, 1844, Aug. 14. 
Woodhouse, James & Co. Letter to George Ambler, 1864, Feb. 

BROADSIDES 

Arkansas: 

Convention Resolutions, 1861, Mar. 20. 
Australia: 

The Australians at Bellecourt, 1917, May; Intercessory Service 
at Sidney, 1918, Aug. 4. 



Manuscripts A ccessions 159 

California . 

To the Democracy of the State of California, 1854, Feb.; .San 

Francisco, Howard Engine Company, dinner, 1856, July 5. 
Confederate: 

Richmond a hard road to travel. (Song.) 
Connecticut : 

Address to the people of Connecticut, 1804, Aug. 29; Rent agree- 
ment, 1812, Feb. 17; Petition of Joseph Kelsey to the Superior 
Court of Hartford county, 1813, Jan. n; Petition of Jonathan 
Phelps to the General Assembly, 1815, Jan. 25; Notice of account 
due to Oliver Ellsworth under patent rights, 1818, Nov. 30; 
Cranium Gazette [1822]; Program of Middletown temperance 
Convention 1841, Oct. 26-7; Regimental order No. 33, 3rd regi- 
ment, Connecticut militia, 1855, Aug. 17; Circular letter of 
Kendrick Green and others. 1859, Nov. i. 
Continental Congress: 

Address to the people of Great Britain, 1774 (London reprint 1775); 
Papers published by order of Congress, 1776, Sept. 17; United 
States lottery, 1776, Nov. 27; Establishment of the American 
Army, 1778, May 27-June 2; Resolve, 1778, June 6; Manifesto, 
1778, Oct. 30; Resolve, 1779, Apr. 14; United States lottery, 
1778, May; Resolve, 1784, Jan. 14; Proclamation, 1788, Sept. i. 
Delaware : 

Agents for Continental Loan, 1779, June; Kent County resolve, 

1783, Sept. i; Playbill [n. d.] 
France : 

Bulletins des Communes, 1914, Aug-Dec (116 pieces); Broadsides 
and handbills relating to Alsace-Lorraine, 1914 (44 pieces); 
War posters, 1914-18 (Photographs, 15 pieces;; Two sheets of 
bread tickets, Aug. 1918. 
Georgia: 

Legislative resolves, 1864, Jan. n. 
Great Britain: 

Proclamation prohibiting importation of European goods into 
British colonies, 1675, Nov. 24; Proclamation continuing colonial 
governors in office, 1684-5, F"eb. 6; Proclamation suppressing 
piracy and privateers in America, 1687-8, Jan. 20; Proclamation 
by Privy Council on hiring servants for American colonies, 
1686, Mar. 26; Address of Parliament to the King, 1775, Feb. 9; 
Instructions with commission for seizing ships of the rebellious 
colonies, 1777, Mar. 27; The Queen, iSso.Aug. 15; The Thunderer, 
1780, Nov. 4, addressed to Lord George Gordon. 
Hawaii : 

List of whaling ships at Lahaina, Maiu, 1838, Mar. 5. 
Illinois : 

To the voters of Ogle county, 1852, Oct. 30. 
Jackson, Andrew: 

Inaugural address, 1829, Mar. 4, (Boston imprint.) 



1 60 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Jefferson. Thomas: 

Inaugural address, 1801, Mar. 4 (On white satin.) 

Maine : 

Portland Town meeting report, 1818, Mar. 25. 

Maryland : 

A subscriber [Defense of Jefferson], 1804, Sept. 10; Advertisement 
for a runaway negro, 1825, Nov. 3. 

Massachusetts: 

Midweek [election], 1709, May 25; Proclamation, 1745, May 31; 
Treasurer and Receiver General's order to collect taxes, 1751, 
Nov. i; Boston committee of correspondence, 1753, Dec. i; 
Proclamation, 1754, Mar. 16; Lines made after the great earth- 
quake [1755?]; Proclamation, 1764, Nov. 7; Advertisement: 
Sale of British goods and non-importation, 1769, Aug. 23; Pro- 
vincial Congress resolves, 1774, Dec. 6 and Dec. 6; Provincial 
Congress resolves, 1775, Apr. 15; In the House of Representa- 
tives, 1776, Sept. 17; Resolves, 1777, Mar. 17; In the House of 
Representatives, 1778, Apr. 20; Circular letter [1782]; Proposals 
for printing the Boston Magazine, 1784, Jan. 12 ; Act for inquiring 
into rateable property, 1784, July 8; Uniform of Boston militia, 
1785, Dec. 28; Senate resolves, 1787, Feb. 17; In the House of 
Representatives, 1787, Mar. 10; Eastern lands for sale, 1788, 
June 18; Humane Society circular, 1789, July 21; Tax notice, 
1789, July 29; Officers of the Continental Army, memorial to 
Congress, [1789]; Commonwealth to Selectmen, ordering an 
election, 1792, Dec. 10; General orders, 1794, Mar. i; In the 
House of Representatives, 1794, June 18; Act regulating fees, 
1796, Feb. 13; Legislative by-law relative to bulls and cows, 
1796, Apr.; General orders, 1798, May i and 1799, Mar. 30; Odes 
to be sung on anniversary of American Independence, 1811, 
July 4; Elegy on death of Mr. Benton and two young ladies, 1812 , 
Aug.; God's judgement upon murder, 1812, Dec. 10; Theatre 
on fire, Awful calamity in Richmond, Va. [1812?]; Index of the 
War [1812-15]; List of delegates to the Constitutional Conven- 
tion, 1820; Statement of expenses of the town of Charlestown, 
1821, Apr.; Haverhill tax bill, 1826, Sept. i; Anti-masonic ad- 
dress to the anti-masonic voters of Norfolk, Massachusetts, [1835]; 
History of Babylon, Mr. Sanbom, 1842, Aug. 3; Miss D. Y. 
Emerson's school, 1844, Mar. 13; Boston water celebration, 1848, 
Oct. 25; Bolting Free-soilers, Taunton, 1850, Nov. 5; Slavery! 
Wanted immediately 300 able bodied laborers, 1851, May i; A 
very brief and very comprehensive life of Ben. Franklin, Printer, 
1856, Sept. 17; The government of the Commonwealth, 1859; 
John Brown's address to the Court [1859]; Provost marshal 'sorder 
1862, Aug. 20; To the people of Massachusetts, 1862; The 
progress of Freedom [1864]; Treasurer and Receiver general, 
order to assess property [n. d.]; New route to California, original 
panorama of the gold regions [n. d.]; New Bedford bill of lading 
[blank, n. d.]. 



Manuscripts Accessions 161 

Miscellaneous: 

The Naked truth [1911?] 
Mississippi : 

Governor Holmes' address to the legislature [1809 j 
New Hampshire : 

A manifesto and address from Heaven, 1766; Votes and reso.ves, 
1778, Feb. 26; Act establishing tax rates, determining legal 
voters, etc., 1791, Dec. 28; Hurricane in New York, 1792, July i; 
Order to hold an election for Congress, 1794, Sept. 29; Recruiting 
poster, 1861; An elegy on the death of Elder Josiah Shepard 
[n. d.]; The Flaming Sword, or a Sign from Heaven [n. d.]. 
New York: 

Instructions for enlisting men, 1775, June 20; Royal Gazette 
extraordinary, giving list of the House of Commons who voted 
on the question of peace, 1783, May 12; James Walker's adver- 
tisement [1790, Mar.]; To the Free and Independent electors, 
1798, Apr. 19; Notice to inhabitants of taxes due under act of 
Congress of July 14, 1798; Regulating and paving streets, 1806, 
Oct. 27; Blowing rocks, 1802, Feb. 2; Address of the Board 
of Health, 1807, May 28; Meeting of citizens, 1814, Aug. 10; 
To the Public, Benjamin Romaine, 1815, Jan. 14; Assembly 
resolve, 1817, Mar. 17; Report of select committee of Assembly 
on the poor laws, 1823, Apr. 21 ; Greek committee, address to the 
public, 1828, Mar. 6; To mechanics and working men, 1834, 
Mar. i; Hunkers attend [1856?]; Arrears of pay, bounty and 
pensions [1862]; The great Union speech of Alexander H. 
Stephens [1862?]; Bierstadt's great picture [1863]; Newburgh 
Musical Institute concert program, 1864, May 24; Who shall 
be vice-president? [1863]; Statement of loss in weight in a single 
cargo of dry sugar imported from Java to New York, 1904; North 
American Review's War Weekly, ist page of vol. i, no. 46, 
Nov. 16, 1918; Tower of Babel (advertisement) [n. d.]. 
North Carolina: 

Convention, Amendments to the Constitution, 1788, Aug. 1-2; 
Two invitations to balls in honor of Lafayette at Salisbury and 
Fayettesville, 1825, Feb. 23 and Mar. 6. 
Pennsylvania: 

Committee of correspondence resolves, 1774, Dec. 6; Proclamation, 
1775, Apr. 8; Fresh intelligence, 1775, Nov. 6; Standing orders 
for garrison at Philadelphia, 1777; Enlistment blank for wagoners 
in U. S. Army, 1778; Proclamation, 1784, May 31; The City of 
Washington, 1794, Jan. 15; Articles of agreement of the Asylum 
Company, 1794, Apr. 22; Roll and quota of militia, 1794, May 19, 
Scheme of review for Nov. 13, 1798; Journeymen printers of 
Philadelphia to the public, 1810, Oct. 30; Commodore McDon- 
ough's victory [1815?]; Stock certificates of Easton Library and 
rules governing the transfer of stock, 1811, Dec 13; Pennsylvania 
capital, 1819, Jan. 29; Henry Clay's fare well speech to the U. S. 
Senate, 1842, Mar. 31; Card of admission to medical lectures at 



1 62 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Pennsylvania Continued . 

University of Pennsylvania, 1843, Nov. 4; Memorial and remon- 
strance of the trustees of the Bank of the United States, also 
answer thereto, 1852; American Academy of Music, program, 
1860, Oct. 10 (On satin); Philadelphia wharf directory, 1891, 
Apr. i; Proclamation, 1918. 

Rhode Island: 

In General Assembly, 1781, May; Act for apportioning tax, 1785, 
Aug. ; Whigs of Rhode Island [1846]. 

Scotland : 

Dundee Church Association, 1793, Jan. 8. 

Tennessee : 

Extra: Battles of Medon Station and Britton's Lane, 1862, Sep. 6, 
To the loyal men of the loyal states, 1866, July; Women 's Liberty 
Loan Committee of Morgan County, circular of Victory loan, 1919. 

United States: 

Act to establish office of purveyor of public supplies, 1795, Feb. 23 ; 
Various acts, signed in ms. by Timothy Pickering and Edmund 
Randolph, 1795-96 (3 pieces); General Washington's letter of 
acceptance of command, 1798, July 17; Various bills relating to 
the Navy, 1801-2 (6 pieces); Act providing for the enumeration 
of inhabitants of the U. S., 1798, Dec. 27; Proclamation, 1803, 
July 16; Proclamation, 1810, Jan. 29; 'Bill to compensate James 
Barren, 1837, Dec. 22; Masonic odes I and II for 1812; Procla- 
mation of treaty with Russia, 1823, Jan. n; Clear the track, 
Buchanan and Breckinridge campaign song [1856]; Fort Sumter 
surrendered 1861, Apr. 14, Capen's Sunday evening bulletin; 
U. S. Treasury Department circular to the people of the United 
States, Loan of 1864; Why Col. Ingersoll opposes the Democrats 
[1870]; A Patriot's Creed [War Savings Stamp poster, 1918]; In- 
formation and Education Service of the Department of Labor 
posters, 1919 (About 75 pieces). 

Vermont: 

Loss of U. S. Treasury notes and bonds, 1864, Oct. 19: The Crown- 
ing Crime of Christendom, by James Hurnard [n. d.]. 

Virginia: 

William and Mary College medals, 1770, Mar. 20; Advertisement 
of lands south of the Ohio, Richard Graham, 1789, Aug. 22; 
Alexandria Canal Company, annual report, 1846, May 4; Election 
ticket for National election, Confederate States of America, 
Jefferson Davis and Alexander H. Stephens, 1861, Nov. 6; 
Financial bill and currency question [1862?]; To the voters 
of Accomac and Northampton, Joseph Segar, 1863, Apr; 
Memorial and remonstrance to the General Assembly [n. d.]. 

Washington, George: 

Farewell address, 1796, Sept. 17. (Connecticut imprint.) 

Washington, D. C.: 

Board of Commissioners west of Pearl River, Notice, 1804, May 10; 
The Conclave (Political poem) [1832]; Glorious news from Texas 
(Georgetown) 1835, May 16; Plan and directory of the House 
of Representatives [1847, Dec.]; President's message, 1860, Dec. 4. 



Manuscripts List of Transcripts 163 

III. LIST OF TRANSCRIPTS FROM MANUSCRIPTS 
IN THE PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE: AND THE 
LIBRARY OF THE SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGA- 
TION OF THE GOSPEL IN FOREIGN PARTS 

PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE : 
Colonial Office. Class 5: 

Vol. 1305 [old America and West Indies, 636] 

Original papers relating to Virginia, 1689-1690. 
[Contains miscellaneous correspondence; various 
petitions to the King, from the House of Burgesses, 
the citizens of Virginia and the clergy; grievances 
and complaints against Lord Effingham, presented 
by Col. Philip Ludwell and others, and Effingham *s 
reply ; accounts of tobacco exported ; papers relating 
to pirates; Cuthbert Potter's narrative of a journey 
from Virginia to Boston.] 
Vol. 1306 [old America and West Indies, 637] 

Original papers relating to Virginia, 1691, 1692. 
[Contains letters of Governor Francis Nicholson 
and Edmund Andros; Minutes of Council; me- 
morials and other papers relating to the College of 
William and Man,- and to the increase of ministers' 
salaries; Indian treaties; duties on exportation of 
furs, wool, iron, tobacco, and a proposal for a law 
to prevent exporting bulk tobacco; Thanksgiving 
Day proclamation. April 9. 1692; lists of ships, 
1692, and sailing instructions for a convoyed fleet.] 
Vol. 1307 [old America and West Indies, 638] 

Virginia original correspondence, 1693 to 1698. 
[Contains letters of Edmund Andros and others; 
petition of merchants, of London; petition of the 
clergy of Virginia.] 
Vol. 1308 [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 5] 

Volume lettered: Board of Trade, Virginia, 1691-3. 
[Contains Minutes of Council; correspondence 
and proclamations of Governor Francis Nicholson 
and Edmund Andros; memorial touching the 
bounds of Carolina; list of Burgesses of Virginia, 
1693 ; list of illegal traders in Virginia and Maryland, 
1693 and 1694; estimate of gunner's stores necessary 
for Virginia, 1694 and 1695; lists of ships; petitions 
and other papers relating to Bacon's Rebellion, 
1676; abstract of Act for Ports, etc., Va., 1691, 
and proclamation, 1693, suspending the Act; 
records concerning the estate of Philip Wilcocks, 
Jun.] 



164 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE Continued. 
Colonial Office, Class 5 Continued. 

Vol. 1309 [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 6] 

Original papers relating to Virginia, 1696-1699. 
[Contains letters and proclamations of Governors 
Edmund Andros and Francis Nicholson, and 
letters of Peter Beverley, Clerk of the House of 
Burgesses, and others; letters and accounts 
relating to the College of William and Mary; 
Edmund Randolph's "discourse" to encourage 
the planting tobacco in Virginia; accounts of 
revenue in Virginia, and list of navigation bonds; 
Henry Hartwell's answers to a list of questions 
from the Lords Commissioners of trade and plan- 
tations.] 

Vol. 1310 [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 7] 

Volume lettered: Bundle C. [Virginia papers, 
1699 consisting mainly of Governor Nicholson's 
letter to the Board of Trade, of i July, 1699, 
with its numerous enclosures.] 

Vol. 1311 [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 8] 

Virginia correspondence and papers, 1699-1700. 
[Consists mainly of Governor Nicholson's letter 
to the Board of Trade, of June.io, 1700, with nu- 
merous enclosures. Contains many papers relating 
to pirates letters, warrants, depositions, etc. 
and a list of pirate prisoners; Minutes of Council; 
instructions to Governor Nicholson; list of ships 
sailing from Virginia, June, 1700, under convoy 
of H. M. S. Essex Prize.] 

Vol. 1312; Part I. [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 9] 

Virginia correspondence and papers, 1700-1701. 
Bound in two volumes, Part I containing Nos. i- 
2i xxxviil , [Consists mainly of Governor Nicholson's 
letters of Aug. i, 1700, and December 2, 1701, 
with many enclosures. Includes Minutes of 
Council; proclamations; abstracts of militia 
and account of ammunition; abstract of tythables 
and untythables; list of French protestant refu- 
gees arriving in Virginia with the Marquis de la 
Muce, and letters and documents relating to 
. them; copy of William Penn's proclamation about 
pirates; correspondence between Bellomont and 
Nicholson.] 

Vol. 1318 [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 15] 

Virginia correspondence and papers, 1717-1720. [In- 
cludes letters and proclamations of Gov. Alexander 
Spotswood; many letters, addresses and other pa- 
pers relative to the dispute between the Governor 



Manuscripts List of Transcripts 165 

PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE Continued. 
Colonial Office, Class 5 Continued. 

Vol. 1318 [Old Board of Trade, Virginia 15.] Continued. 

and some of the Council, especially Byrd and Lud- 
well; list of all the land patents granted by Gov. 
Spotswood ; journal of Gov. Spotswood 's travels and 
expeditions undertaken for the public service of 
Virginia; letters and affidavits relating to pirates; 
acts relating to Quakers; memorials, Orders in 
Council, etc., relating to tobacco payments, Indian 
trade, foreign debts; accounts of quit rents and 
revenue, and of His Majesty's duties on liquors and 
slaves, and abstract of export of skins and furs; 
letter of Gov. Spotswood to Col. Schuyler of New 
York, relative to settling a peace with the Five Na- 
tions.] 

Vol. 1338 [old America and West Indies, 17] 

Title page : Virginia. Letters from Governors Gooch 
and Dinwiddie, from 18 April, 1746, to August, 1753. 
Xo. 15. [A list of the documents is in the front of 
the volume, and with the letters of the Governors 
are many enclosures, including an account of the 
expense of raising troops. 1746-7, for the expedition 
. against Canada, and the muster rolls of those troops; 
account of ships sailing from the Havanna, October, 
1750, under convoy of the Spanish ship Calga; ad- 
dresses of the House of Burgesses and the Council to 
the Governor.] 

Vol. 1339 and 

Vol. 1340 [old America and West Indies, 638A and 639.] 

Virginia correspondence and papers, 1700-1705. 
[Only a few documents in these two volunes are 
copied here, the rest being duplicates of papers 
already copied from other volumes. Those copied 
include, in Vol. 1339, several letters of Gov. Nich- 
olson, and an account of William Byrd, Auditor, of 
receipts and expenditures in Virginia, June 10 to 
November 10, 1701; and in Vol. 1340, letters of 
Governors Francis Nicholson and Edward Nott, 
memorial of London merchants trading to Vir] 
ginia and Maryland, and lists of Virginia ships.] 

Vol. 1354 [old Colonial Entry Book, 79] 

Charters, Commissions, &c., 1606-1662. [Virginia. 
(List of documents made, but no transcripts, as 
the material is available in print, or elsewhere in 
manuscript.) 



1 66 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE Continued. 
Colonial Office, Class 5 Continued. 

Vol. 1355 [old Colonial Entry Book 80] 1675-1681. 

(For this and subsequent volumes only the items 
the originals of which are not identified elsewhere 
are copied; for those not copied, references to the 
originals are given.) [Contains Orders in Council , 
letters to the King and other papers relating to 
Nathaniel Bacon, 1676; list of ordnance, ammuni- 
tion and other stores sent to Virginia, 1665-1677, 
estimate of ordnance sent to Virginia, 1676, and a 
survey of the magazine at Virginia, 1678; Commis- 
sion and instructions to Lord Culpeper, 1679; order 
for the establishment of Virginia, 1679.] 
Vol. 1357 [old Colonial Entry Book, 83] 1685-1690. 

[Contains Minutes of Council; Commission and Instruc- 
tions to Lord Howard of Effingham, 1685, an d also 
in 1690; papers relating to Philip Ludwell's com- 
plaint against Lord Howard of Effingham, 1689; 
Instructions for Gov. Francis Nicholson, 1689, and 
draft of a Commission; letters from King James to 
Lord Effingham, concerning wrecks, pirates, quit 
rents, prevention of hostilities between English 
and French in America; circular letter from King 
James to the colonies, concerning the threatened 
invasion of England by Holland, 1688; circular 
letter from William Prince of Orange, 1689; and 
various letters and documents concerning the 
accession of William and Mary.] 
Vol. 1358 [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 36] 1689-1695. 

[Contains Orders in Council; petitions and other 
papers, 1691, relating to the Ship Society of Bristol, 
Wm. Burgh, master; Blathwayt's report and other 
papers concerning Lady Culpeper's petition, 1691, 
touching a grant of lands in Virginia; address of 
the Governor and Council of Virginia to William 
and Mary for a charter (1691); Commission and 
Instructions for Sir Edmund Andros, 1691; petition 
of Capt. Thomas Gardiner, 1691, for the reward of 
200. due him for the capture of Nathaniel Bacon 
in 1676; papers relating to a law for prohibiting 
export of bulk tobacco; Ports Act of Virginia sent 
back to be amended, 1692; reports and orders on 
memorials relating to a free college in Virginia, and 
the pay of the clergy; Virginia called upon to give 
assistance in the defence of New York, 1695.] 



Manuscripts List of Transcripts 167 

PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE Continued. 
Colonial Office, Class 5 Continued. 

Vol. 1359 [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 37] 

Entry Book, June, 1696, to June, 1700. [Chiefly 
letters of the Board of Trade to Gov. Francis Nichol- 
son; but includes a copy of Nicholson's Commission 
as Governor, July 20, 1698, and Instructions, Sept. 
13, 1698] 

Vol. 1360 [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 38] 

Entry Book, Virginia; volume lettered: B 1700 to 
1704. [Contains letter from the King to Nicholson, 
1701, and other documents relative to the defence 
of New York; draft for letter from the King to Gov. 
Nicholson, 1701, instructing him as to sending to 
England for trial accessories in cases of piracy; 
letter from Board of Trade, 1701, enclosing "Ob- 
servations" relative to proprietory governments in 
America [1701] ; petition forsmall armsfor Virginia, 
1702; letters to Prince George of Denmark, relative 
to convoy of merchant ships, 1703; papers relative 
to complaints against Gov. Nicholson, 1704; Gov. 
Nicholson's Commission from Queen Anne, 1702.] 

Vol. 1361 [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 39] 

1704 to 1706. [Contains letters from Board of Trade 
to Gov. Nicholson; index of Virginia bills, 1705; 
Commission and Instructions to Gov. Edward 
Nott, 1705; representations regarding the tobacco 
trade to Russia and the manufacture of tobacco in 
Moscow, 1705.] 

Vol. 1362 [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 40] 

Entry Book D. 1706 to 1709. [Contains chiefly 
letters from the Board of Trade to the President 
and Council of Virginia, but includes also Col. 
Robert Hunter's Commission as Governor of Virgin- 
ia, April 16, 1707, and Instructions to him, April 

22, 1707, and February 4, 1708-9; Instructions to 
Edmond Jenings, November 15, 1707; and Queen 
Anne's letter, February 14, 1707-8, relative to a 
new law for admeasurement of ships.] 

Vol. 1363 [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 41] 

Entry Book E. 1709 to 1713. Miscellaneous letters 
of the Board of Trade, relating to Virginia; but 
includes draft of the Commission of George, Earl 
of Orkney, as Governor of Virginia, December 22, 
1709; Instructions to the Earl of Orkney, February 

23, 1709-10, and Trade Instructions, March i, 1709- 
10 ; description of the seal sent to the Earl of Orkney, 
May 13, 1712, to be used in Virginia; representation 
relating to the boundaries between Virginia and 

. Carolina, February 22, 1710-11.] 
140387 19 12 



1 68 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE Continued. 
Colonial Office, Class 5 Continued. 

Vol. 1411 [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 52] 

[Only the last three papers in this volume were copied , 
the other contents being sessional papers. The three 
items copied were referred to by Gov. Nicholson 
in his letter of June 10, 1700, already transcribed 
from Volume 1311. They are : 

1. An account of proceedings relating to the 
Essex Prize, 1698-9; also an account of all pro- 
ceeding of Virginia concerning pirates, 1699. 

2. Log of the Essex Prize. 

3. Trial of three pirates, Virginia, 1700, for 
piracies in a ship called the Peace.} 

SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL IN FOREIGN PARTS. 
Series B. 

Vol. VII. Marked: New England &c. 

[In two parts: Part I, February 17, 1738, to February 
15, 1739, and Part II, February 15, 1739, to Febru- 
ary 21, 1740; with list of contents in front of each 
section. Contains letters from all colonies, from 
Newfoundland to the West Indies.] 
Vol. X. Marked: Letters (originals) New England &c. 

[List of letters in front of volume, 1741-3. Includes 
letters to and from a number of other colonies, 
including Newfoundland and the Bahamas.] 
Vol. XI. Marked: Letters received. 

[From New England, New York, New Jersey, Penn- 
sylvania, North Carolina and South Carolina. 1 743 . 
List of contents in front of volume, arranged alpha- 
betically by towns.] 

Vol. XII. Marked: Letters received (originals), North Amer- 
ica, 1743 to 1746. 
[List of contents in front.] 
Vol. XIII. Marked: New England, &c., 1743 to 1746. 

[List of contents in front of volume; letters received 
and letters sent. Apparently includes all the 
colonies.] 

Vol. XIV. Marked: Letters received (Originals). New Eng- 
land, &c. 1746. 
[Incomplete index in front of volume. Apparently 

includes all the colonies.] 
Vol. XV. Marked: Letters received [and sent] New England, 

&c. 1747. (rec'd) 1746-9. (sent) 
[Index in front of volume. All colonies.] 
Vol. XVI. Marked: Letters .received. (Originals.) New 

England, &c. 1748. 

[Index in front of volume. All colonies.] 
'Vol. XVII. Marked: Letters received. (Originals.) New 

England, &c. 1749. 

[Includes also letters sent, 1749. Index in front of 
volume. All colonies.] 



REPORT 

OF 

THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE LIBRARY 
BUILDING AND GROUNDS 

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, 
Washington, D. C., December I, 1919. 

SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report 
as Superintendent of the Library Building and Grounds 
(and disbursing officer) for the fiscal year ended June 30, 
1919. 

The various operations of the office are indicated in detail 
by the financial and statistical tables at the end of this report. 
They cover the custody, care, and maintenance of the 
Library Building and Grounds, including the operation of 
the mechanical plant, the purchase, construction and repair 
of library equipment, and the accounting and disbursement 
of the appropriations for the Library of Congress, for the 
Botanic Garden, and the appropriations under the control 
of the Joint Committee on the Library. 

The work under the head of care and maintenance usually 
accomplished was considerably curtailed on account of the 
continued high prices and impossibility of obtaining suffi- 
cient materials with the funds available. 

The continued abnormal "turnover" in personnel (shown 
in the table hereafter), requiring 50 per cent new employees, 
has been rather discouraging. Practically all of the resigna- 
tions were stated to be caused by the low salaries paid and 
better offers elsewhere, despite the special additional com- 
pensation provided. Separations are still continuing in 
the present fiscal year, notwithstanding the increased addi- 
tional compensation. 

169 



1 70 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 

Increases in the statutory salaries in lieu of temporary 
increase in compensation are anxiously awaited by all the 
employees. Increased appropriations for repairs and con- 
struction to permit purchases of pre-war quantities of mater- 
ials would improve the morale of the employees, because a 
busy and interested force breeds activity and contentment. 

DECORATIVE PAINTING 

The interior decorative work of the building in many 
places is in great need of repair by decorators skilled in that 
work. Under the normal appropriations for repairs little 
such special work can be accomplished. 

Provision for extensive repairs along that line is recom- 
mended. 

LAUNDRY 

At the commencement of the fiscal year it was found that 
no reasonable contract could be made for laundering towels. 

It therefore seemed desirable to install a small laundry 
unit for that work, which was done at an expense for ma- 
chinery of about $580. 

Considering the growing expense for paper towels, and 
the possibility of greatly curtailing this item, it is believed 
the installation of the laundry will prove a good investment. 

PLUMBING REPAIRS 

The engineer's force has done much work from time to 
time in making repairs to both steam and drainage lines 
in the building caused by serious deterioration in the piping. 
It appears likely, from recent instances of pipe failure, 
that extensive repairs must soon be undertaken in the 
drainage and other piping throughout the building. 

CAFETERIA 

In August (1918) the concessionaire for the Library of 
Congress cafe relinquished the cafe owing to financial losses 
therein. 



Superintendent of Building and Grounds- 171 

It was found advisable to make some changes in the 
operating arrangements in view of the abnormal conditions 
at the time. The cafeteria, with self-service and simple 
bill of fare, was decided to be the only method permitting 
sufficiently low prices to meet the needs of the Library 
employees and of the majority of the visitors to the building. 

Accordingly such limited equipment was obtained and 
changes made as were possible, under the funds available 
for such an unexpected expense, in order to give trial to this 
method covering the lunch-time service. 

The experiment appears to have been quite successful and 
with further improvement in equipment and arrangement 
could well be further developed. About an equal number 
of Library employees and visitors patronize the cafeteria, 
which is open from 1 2 noon to 2 p. m. 

There still being considerable demand for cafe sen-ice, 
especially from visitors, it has been found necessary to 
retain such service for the present at least. The cafe section 
is open from noon until 7.30 p. m. and on Sundays and holi- 
days from 2 until 7.30 p. m. 

ELEVATORS 

In the last report a contract lor automatic door closing 
devices for the book stack elevators, long considered a source 
of danger, was mentioned. After delay of a year the con- 
tractor begged to be relieved of the contract under the claim 
that his proposed device was found impracticable of appli- 
cation here. The contract was reluctantly canceled and the 
entire amount, 81,070, was covered into the Treasury. 
These old book stack elevators are still a source of anxiety. 

However, a more pressing case for immediate action is 
found in the main passenger elevator machines. These are 
of the old hydraulic type and 23 years of very heavy duty has 
caused such wear in the main hydraulic cylinders and valve 
parts that at least one of the machines should be replaced as 
soon as possible before both machines give way entirely. 



172 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 

ROOF REPAIRS 

The renewal of the deteriorating copper roofing has con- 
tinued so far as funds permitted during the year, and com- 
paratively few leaks have developed during the past winter. 

At this time, however, one large section of copper roof 
covering encircling the base of the dome has reached such 
a state of deterioration that prompt renewal of the entire 
section is necessary. An estimate of $6,000 has been 
submitted. 

REPO1NTING EXTERIOR STONEWORK 

Less progress was made than expected in the repointing 
of the exterior stonework on account of a decided advance 
in wages of skilled stone pointers. A further sum is therefore 
included in the estimates for completing or continuing this 
work. 

ACCOMMODATION FOR THE CARD DIVISION WORK 

A contract was awarded near the close of the fiscal year 
for a considerable extension of the card storage stack com- 
prising 7,430 steel trays. 

Provision has been made, under the appropriation for 
1920, for such structural work as necessary to receive these 
trays. 

PROPOSED BOOK STACK IN NORTHEAST COURT" 

For the past two years report has been made of the in- 
creasing need of very large additional book shelf space, and 
recommendation made for a book stack in the northeast 
court. 

It is important that the construction of this stack IDC 
commenced not later than July i, 1920, and provision for 
letting contract therefor before that time is recommended. 



Superintendent of Building and Grounds 1 73 

EXHIBITS OF FINANCIAL OPERATIONS, ETC. 
FUEL, LIGHTS, REPAIRS, AND MISCELLANEOUS SUPPLIES. 

Housekeeping department: 

Painting in and about the building (labor). . $116. 75 

Painting (materials) 290. 60 

Repairs (floors, windows, etc.) 469- 34 

Washing towels (before installation of laun- 
dry) 55-74 

Dry goods (cleaning cloths, etc) 328. 75 

Soap powders 266. 21 

Soaps 3 01 - 75 

Paper towels 669. 90 

Housekeeping (brooms, buckets, brushes, 

etc.) 59 s - 26 

Toilet supplies 264. 60 

Miscellaneous supplies 275. 02 

Exterminating roaches 230. oo 

Laundry (equipment and supplies) 655.74 

Engineer department : 

Mail and delivery- service upkeep and 

repair of motor vehicles i, 987. 82 

Hardware and tools 283. 68 

Repairs 695. 88 

Plumbing supplies 429. 26 

Removing refuse 104. 25 

Oils 95- 20 

Gas 42. oo 

Miscellaneous supplies 382. 90 

Cafe (equipment) 3. 155. 67 

Electrical departmen t : 7,176.66 

Lamps i, 674-. 96 

Miscellaneous supplies (condulets, holders, 

shades, fixtures, wire, conduit, tape, etc.) . 167.- 88 

Repairs to electrical equipment 27. oo 

Office: I ' 86 * 84 

General telephone service of Library (i 
central station, 90 substations, and 7 trunk 

lines) i, 195. 98 

Stationery 145. 28 

Car fares 15. oo 

Express, freight, and drayage 10. 73 

Telegrams 3. 02 

Postage stamps 16. oo 

Travel 8. 32 

Advertising 8. 22 

i, 402. 55 

Total expended 14, 971. 71 

Unexpended 28. 29 

Appropriation 15, ooo. oo 



1 74 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 

REFITTING OLD BOILER ROOM AND COAL VAULTS 

Expended $2, 494. 27 

Unexpended balance 505. 73 

Appropriation 3, ooo oo 

REPAIRS TO ROOF 

Expended $i, 997. 41 

Unexpended balance 2. 59 

Appropriation 2, ooo. oo 

POINTING EXTERIOR STONEWORK 

Expended $i, 499. 44 

Unexpended balance .56 

Appropriation i, 500. oo 

FURNITURE 

Typewriting machines: 

New machines (29) $1,473. 97 

Repairs and parts 228. 99 

$i, 702. 96 
Repairing and fitting miscellaneous furniture (materials 

and supplies) i, ooo. 17 

Book trucks (including castors and wheels) 105. 27 

Miscellaneous furniture (including tables, desks, stands, 

cases, hardware, etc.) i, 435. 96 

Card catalogue cases 765. 84 

Carpets and runners in. 50 

Express, freight, and drayage 91. 97 

Awnings 663.54 

Shades and curtains 587. 41 

Safes 3, 422. 52 

Hydrostatic copying press 147. oo 

Lockers 616. oo 

Duplicating machine 105. 35 

Adding and computing machines, parts and repairs 740. 48 

Desk fans 443. 2 1 

Travel 38. 77 

Total expended 11,977.95 

Unexpended 22. 05 

Appropriation 12 , ooo. oo 

EXTENSION OF STEEL STACK FOR STORAGE OF CATALOGUE CARDS 

Total expended $9, 991. 22 

Unexpended 8. 78 

10, ooo. oo 



Superintendent of Building and Grounds 175 

APPROPRIATIONS AND EXPENDITURES 

For the year, including unfilled orders, also the corre- 
sponding appropriations for the preceding and succeeding 
years are presented in the following table: 



Object of appropriation 


Appropria- 
tion. 1918 


Appropria- 
tion, 1919 


Expendi- 
ture. 1919 


Appropria- 
tion. 1920 


Library and Copyright Office: 
Salaries. . 


3 $463,696.57 


^$472,370.02 


C $464,722.O4 


$489, 460. oo 




( d ) 


(d) 
















Contingent expense 


< ~, 313- 51 


78,685.09 


3 7,978-90 


7,300.00 


Increase of Library: 
Purchase of books 


90,000-00 


90.000-00 


3, * 90,000.00 


90,000.00 


Purchase of law books 


3.000-00 


3,000.00 


^3,000-00 


3,000-00 


Purchase of periodicals 


5.000.00 


5.000-00 


3 5.000. oo 


5,000.00 












Total, Library and Copyright 
Office 


571,009.09 


581.055. ii 


618.033.86 


596,760.00 












Library Building and Grounds: 
Car" ar>d maintpn^nr-p 




88,065.00 


i 85, 398. 39 






( d ) 


( d ) 






Fuel, lights, etc.. 


t 18, 100. oo 




f 20, 962. 83 




Fuel, lights, etc. (1917-18) 


14.900.00 








Furniture 


IO.OOO.OO 


O 2 2 . OOO. OO 
















Total Buildings and Grounds. . 


129,005.00 


131,565.00 


141,746-37 


127.065.00 


Grand total 





















o Including deficiency appropriation of $2.000 and credits of $1.236.57 by sale of cards. 

& Including deficiency appropriation of $2,142.25. credits of $814.12 by sale of cards and 
$353.65 yet to be credited. 

e Including $32.47 outstanding indebtedness. 

d Appropriation indefinite. 

< Includes $9.04 account of photo duplications and $3.48 account returned photostat 
spools. 

/ Including deficiency appropriation of $1,371.37. $i for sale of photo duplications and 
$12.72 yet to be credited. 

ff Including unfilled orders. 

* Any unexpended balance to be available for succeeding year. 
'Including $26.67 outstanding indebtedness. 

/ Including $3 outstanding indebtedness. 

* Includes $1,075 for fire hose, $2.000 for pointing up stonework. $2,300 for repairs to 
elevators. $500 for painting portions of roof. 

'Includes $2.000 for repairs to roof. $1,500 for pointing up exterior stonework, and 
$3. ooo for refitting boiler room and coal vaults. 

" Includes $1,000 for repairs to roof. 

"Consists of $1.400 additional for waterproofing east driveway, $8,500 for repairing 
tunnel. $5,000 for circulating drinking-water system. 

o Includes $10,000 for card storage stack. 



1 76 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 



Object of appropriation 


Appropria- 
tion, 1918 


Appropria- 
tion, 1919 


Expendi- 
ture, 1919 


Appropria- 
tion, 1920 


Botanic Garden: 
Salaries 










Increase of compensation 


( 6 ) 


( b ) 






Improving garden . . . 








18 ooo oo 


Improving buildings. . . 








5i6 


New boilers (1917-18) 




















Total, Botanic Garden. . . 






58, 568- 60 














Repairs of painting in Capitol 


I; SOG.OO 








Marking historial places in the Dis- 
trict of Columbia 










Bequest of Gertrude M. Hubbard 
(interest account). .. 


d 827. 65 


* 842. 6s 






Removing Botanic Garden fence. 





















a Includes unfilled orders. 

6 Appropriation indefinite. 

c Appropriation. of preceding year continued. 

<* Includes balance from preceding year and additional appropriation of $800. 

'Includes $279. 65 outstanding indebtedness. 

/ Includes $1,800 deficiency appropriation. 

e Includes $1,330 for one new boiler. 

SALE OF WASTE PAPER 

Proposals were asked for the purchase and removal of 
such waste paper as would accumulate during the year. 
Thirty cents per 100 pounds was the highest price offered. 
The quantity sold at this rate amounted to 137,762 pounds, 
and the proceeds, $413.29, were deposited in the Treasury 
as an item of "miscellaneous receipts." 

UNEXPENDED BALANCES 

All claims chargeable to the appropriations made for the 
fiscal year 1917 have been settled so far as known, including 
those paid directly on auditor's certificates. The unex- 
pended balances of these appropriations have been passed 
to the surplus fund of the Treasury in the following amounts : 



Superintendent of Building and Grounds 177 



Library : 

Salaries $i, 803. 45 

Special and temporary service 

Contingent expenses 3-67 

Increase of Library : 

Purchase of law books 80. 02 

Purchase of periodicals 1 16. 20 



Building and grounds : 

Care and maintenance (salaries) 643. 41 

Fuel, lights, etc 2, 911. 92 

Furniture 16. 63 



Botanic Garden: 

Salaries 

Improving garden 

Improving buildings. 



9 1 - 2 5 
.24 

230- 59 



3.571-96 



322.08 



Total $5, 897. 38 

VISITORS TO THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, FISCAL YEAR 1919 



Month 


Fromga.m. 
to 6 p. m. 


From6p.tn. 
to 10 p. m. 


Maximum 


Minimum 


Daily 
average 


Xumber 
of days 


1918 

Tulv . 


?Q. 2^8 


; ' -i">o 


C 24J. 


422 


2 >82 


7O 


August 


42, 2l6 


J7.. 8d4 


7. 26? 


4^2 


" _i;j. 




September. . 


r-j, -1:2 


36. 7Q4 


7. 6j.Q 


48? 


3CXD? 




October 


8, 737 


4, 678 


2. 2J.O 


I ; 




o" 


November. . . 


t;o, ooi 


2O J.^1 


8, 84=; 


I A2(t 


2 681 




December. 


54, >6l 


26. 477 


7 2O2 






o" 


1919 
Tanuarv . . 


?i, 140 


2>, ^46 


r 246 


I. 47.3. 


2 468 


J 
aT 


February 


ZO, yl 1 


24, 672 


7,860 


I. SQ4 




28 


March 


ec, Q~-3 


2Q, ?l6 


7, 22O 


I. 4IO 


" ~ ; i 




April . . 


4O. AOA 


3-3 622 


- 81- 




2 -68 




May 


?I, OI3 


*4, 866 


7. Oil 


I C?C 


2 < fj? 


3 


June 


^o, 8=;? 


74. ^60 


6. 4O2 


C47 


2 84- 
















3 


Total .... 


5:7, 8?} 


746, 10? 

























Total number of visitors during year, 903,938. 
Average for 362 days, 2,497. 



1 78 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 

ORGANIZATION 

The organization of the office of Superintendent of the 
Library Building and Grounds was as follows: 

Superintendent 
Chief clerk 

1 property clerk 

3 clerks 

2 telephone operators 
i messenger 

i assistant messenger 
Chief engineer 

1 electrician 

4 assistant engineers 

2 machinists 
2 wiremen 

1 plumber 

2 carpenters 
i painter 

3 elevator conductors 
9 skilled laborers 

Captain of Watch 

1 lieutenant 
19 watchmen 

4 check boys. 

2 attendants, ladies' room 
Foreman of laborers 

i skilled laborer 
1 6 laborers 

i mistress of charwomen 

i assistant mistress of charwomen. 
58 charwomen 

Total number of employees, 141. 



Superintendent of Building and Grounds 1 79 



Changes in personnel of the organization during the fiscal 
year were as follows : 





Resigned 


Died 


Dropped 


Lieutenant of watch 




I 




Watchmen 


6 


I 




Telephone operators 


2 






Messenger 








Painter 


I 






Skilled laborers 


6 


2 




Laborers 








Check bovs 


2 






Charwomen 


2 ^ 




g 










Total 


^1 















New employees required, 50 per cent. 
Respectfully submitted. 

F. L. AvERILL 

Superintendent Library Building and Grounds 
The Honorable 

THE PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE 
The Honorable 
THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 



INDEX. 

Page 

Accessions, 1918-19 18-19 

Document, statistics 45 

Law library, statistics 49 

Manuscripts, list of 147-162 

Maps and charts, statistics 50 

Music, statistics 53~54 

Noteworthy 20-32. 34-37, 39-41. 51-52, 57-58, 62, 65 

Periodicals, statistics 61 

Printed books and pamphlets, statistics 18-19 

Prints, statistics 63 

Adams, Herbert, gift 65 

Adams, Waldo Peck, gift 143 

Aeronautics, noteworthy accessions 2223 

American Bookplate Society 20 

American Historical Association, gift 143 

American Library Association War Service 8-1 1. 78. 84. 94 

American newspapers, noteworthy accessions 62 

Americana, noteworthy accessions 2 1-22 

Anderson, Mrs. Margarite, gift 143 

Andrews. Frank D. , gift 143 

Annamite literature 3-3 x 

Appropriation acts, 1910-20 113-120 

Appropriations, 1918-1920 J 3 -I 5 

Appropriations and expenditures, 1918-19 (tables) 109-111 

Appropriations and expenditures, 1918-1920 (tables') 175-176 

Armstrong. M. K., deposit 143 

Army Educational Commission 9. 146 

Art and architecture, noteworthy accessions 28, 65 

Bayly, Lieutenant Louis H 89 

Beaumarchais, Maurice Delariie de, gift 37-38, 143 

Beaune, A. E. F. L'niversity 10 

Beer, William, gift 143 

Bequests to the Library of Congress, form 4 

Bibliography, Division of. report of 84-86 

Publications 82, 83, 85-86 

Biglow & Main company, gift 55 

Binding 7 1-72 

Blake, Mrs. A. M. L., gift 55 

Blind, Room for the 9 2 ~95 

Books, purchases 20-31 

Botanic Garden, appropriations and expenditures 176 

Bowditch , Charles P. , gift 143 

Bradley, Mrs. Helen McHenry , gift 63-64 

Broadsides, accessions 158-162 

181 



1 82 Index 

Page 

Brown, Miss Nellie B 77 

Buchanan- Johnston papers 32-33 

Building and grounds, report of the Superintendent 169-179 

Burton, Mrs. J. D., gift 143 

Butler, Miss Ella, gift 143 

Card Division, report of 77~8i 

Cards, sale of ^ 77 

Cards, stock of 77 

Depositories 78-81 

Subscribers 77 

Catalogue Division, report of ' 72-74 

Publications 73~74> 82 

Cataloguing, statistics 72 

Chambers, Corporal Charles E 6, 89 

Chandler, Mrs. William Dwight, gift 20 

Cheatham, Miss Kitty, gift 55 

Chinese literature 23-28 

Chittenden, Newton H., gift 143 

Classification Division, report of 74~77 

Printed schedules 76 

Publications 76 

Statistics 74-/S 

Coleman, M. M., deposit 143 

Coles, Dr. J. Ackerman, gift 42-43, 144 

Colonial collections 34-36 

Columbia University Library, N. Y., gift 144 

Contents of the library, statistics 18-19 

Contingent expenses (table) in 

Copyright Office, report of 16, 121-142 

Articles deposited, 1918-19 17, 122 

Articles deposited, 1915-1919 (tables) 139 

Bulletins and circulars , 127 

Catalogue of copyright entries 17, 126 

Copyright bills and reports 129, 141 

Correspondence, statistics 128 

Current business 1 7, 128 

Elimination of copyright deposits 18, 123 

Expenditures 16, 122 

Fees 16, 122 

Fees, 1918-19 (tables) 134-137 

Index cards 126 

International copyright relations 131 

Receipts 16, 121 

Receipts. 1918-19 (tables) *34~i37 

Registrations 16, 122 

Registrations, 1914-1919 (tables) 138 

Requests for copies of articles 123 

Salaries 16,122 



Index 183 

Copyright Office, report of Continued. Page 

Statistics (tables) i34- J 39 

Summary of biisiness 127 

Transfer of copyright deposits 18. 124 

Unfinished business 121, 127 

Deinard collection 66-68 

Documents, Division of, report of 45~49 

Accessions, statistics 45 

Documents, foreign 47-48 

Want lists 46-47 

International exchanges 48 

Publications 83 

State documents, monthly list 48, 83 

Statistics 48 

Dolan, W. O., gift 55 

Ecole francaise d' Extreme-orient, Hanoi, gift 30, 31 

Eddo, Harry J gift . . . : 144 

1 'Enfant 's map 51 

Erskine, John 43 

Exhibits: 

Music 60 

Prints 65-66 

Expenditures, appropriations and, 1918-19 (tables) 109-111 

Expenditures, appropriations and, 1918-1920 (tables) 175-176 

Expenditures, fuel, lights, etc 173-174 

Federal statutes, index, digest of 97 

Finance . . . 



- ............................................ 12-15 

Financial operations, etc., exhibits of ........................ 173-174 

Fine arts, noteworthy accessions .............................. 65 

Ford, Worthington C ......................................... 3I 

Form of gift or bequest to the Library of Congress ............... 4 

Fowler, Alfred, gift ........................................ 2O 

Freer, Mrs. Eleanor E., gift ................................... ^4 

French, Daniel C. , gift ....................................... 6- 

French Pictorial Service, N. Y., gift ........................... I *A 

Fuel, lights, etc., expenditures .............................. 1-3-1-4 

Funk & Wagnalls company, gift .................... .......... 2O 

Furniture, screens, etc ........................................ 174 

Gift or bequest to the Library of Congress, form ................ 

Gifts ................................................... 20,28,30,62 

Manuscripts ................................. 32 _ 33 , 37 _ 38) 4I _ 43 

Manuscripts, 1918-19, list of ............................ 143-146 

Music - 



Colder, Dr. F. A., gift ........................................ I44 

Gompers, Samuel J. , gift ................................... I44 

Goodell, Frederick, gift ...................................... I44 

Gould, Benjamin Apthorp, gift ................................ I44 

140387 19 - 13 



1 84 Index 

Page 
Grace, Hon. Wm. J 36 

Graves, Frank N . , gift 55 

Greenough, Charles P. , gift 144 

Harder, Erwin E. , gift 55 

Harned, Thomas B., deposit 42, 144 

Hatch, John Porter, papers of 40-41 

Hebrew literature 66-68 

Henckels, Theodore, gift 56 

Hildebrand, William A., gift 144 

Hodges, Dr. Edward, gift 55 

Honor, roll of 6 

Hoxie, Gen. R. L., gift 64 

Hubbard, Gardiner Greene, collection 65 

Hunt, Dr. Gaillard 31 

Hyde, John, gift 56, 144 

Increase of salaries '. n, 14-15 

Increase of the Library 18-31 

Incunabula, bibliography of 

Incunabula, noteworthy accessions 20-2 1,26 

Index digest of Federal statutes 97 

Institute of Musical Art, N. Y., gift 56 

International copyright relations 131 

Ishiwata, Zensaku , gift 144 

Jackson, Miss Cordelia, gift 144 

Jameson, Dr. J. Franklin, gift 144 

Japanese literature 28-29 

Jefferson papers 31 

Jewish Welfare Board, gift 56 

Jones, Henry Festing, gift 144 

Judaica 66-68 

Kellen, W 7 illiam Vail, gift 20 

Kennedy, Miss May S., gift 3 2 ~33i J 44 

Koch, Theodore W 12 

Korean literature 29-30 

Krafft, Miss F. B. de, gift 145 

Lane, John, company, gift 20 

Law library, report of 49 

Accessions, statistics 49 

Supreme Court records and briefs 49 

Lawton, Mrs. Eba Anderson, gift 145 

Learned, H. B., gift 65 

Lee, Mass. , Library Association, gift 145 

I/egislative Reference Service, report of 96-105 

Comparative statistical tables 104-105 

Digest of bills 96-98 

Indexing of laws 99 

Legal inquiries 98-101 

Subject data 102-103 

Leland, Waldo, G 143 



Index 185 

Page 

Librarians, 1802-1917 5 

Library staff, list 5-6 

Lloyd, John, papers of 39 

Longmans, Green, company, gift 20 

Ludlow, Dr. Clara S., gift 5 6 - J 45 

Lyons, Edward, gift 145 

McAllister, James J., gift 145 

McCallum, Mrs. Man,- Sherman, deposit 4 I ~4 2 , *4S 

Gift '. 65 

Macartney, Earl, letters of 37 

McGaw, Mrs. George K. , gift 38-39. *45 

McLachlan, Robert W., gift 145 

Mangum, Willie P., papers of 39~4O 

Manship, Paul, gift 65 

Manuscripts. Division of, report of 31-44 

Accessions, general list of. 1918-19 147-162 

Gifts and deposits 3 2 ~34, 37~3 8 ? 4i~43 

Gifts, 1918-19, list of i43- J 46 

Publications 83 

Transcripts, list of 163-168 

Maps, Division of, report of 5~53 

Accessions, statistics 50 

L'Enfant's map 51 

Noteworthy accessions 5 J -5 2 

Publications 52-83 

Sanborn insurance maps 50 

Mason, Roy, gift 145 

Mazzei, Philip, letters of 36 

Meares, R. A., gift 145 

Moore, Charles, gift 145 

Morgan, John Pierpont, gift 64 

Music, Division of, report of 53~6o 

Accessions, statistics 53~54 

Cataloguing 58 

Contents, statistics 53~54 

Gifts 

Noteworthy accessions 5 7- ;8 

Publications 5Q-6c 

War exhibits 60 

Nead. Dr. Daniel W. , gift 20 

Neall, Frank L. , gift 145 

Newspapers, noteworthy accessions 62 

Nicholson, Col. John P., gift 145 

Nicholson, Miss Zaida, gift 56 

Noteworthy accessions 20-32, 

34-37, 39-41, 5!-5 2 - 57-5 8 - 62. 65 
Officers, list of 5-6 

Order Division, report of 18-31 



1 86 Index 



Oriental Division, report of 2^-31 

Orientalia, noteworthy accessions 23-3 1 

Parker, Mrs. Alvin A. , gift 5 6 

Pearson, Arthur Emmons, gift I45 

Pelz, Paul J., gift fo 

Pennebaker & Raum, gift I45 

Pennell, Mr. & Mrs. Joseph, gift 64 

Periodicals, Division of, report of 60-63 

Accessions, statistics 61 

Binding of newspapers 61 

Complimentary copies of 63 

Noteworthy accessions 62 

Pershing, Gen. John J., gift 43, 145 

Pitt, Paris C., gift I45 

Presidential collections of correspondence 3*~34 

Prints, Division of, report of 63-66 

Accessions, statistics 63 

Exhibits 65-66 

Gifts 63-65 

Purchases 65 

Transfers 65 

Publications Section, report of 81-84 

Publications: 

Commendations 83-84 

List of 82-83 

Statistics 81 

Purchases, noteworthy accessions 20-32 , 

34~37> 39-4i, 5!-5 2 > 57-5 8 . 62, 6 5 

Randolph, John, papers of 40 

Reading Room Service 89-92 

Reference Service, Legislative 96-105 

Register of Copyrights, report of 16, 121-142 

Repair of manuscripts 44 

Repairs to building 170-172 

Rice , Richard A. , gift 146 

Robertson, Francis H. , gift 65 

Robertson, James A. , gift 146 

Rodgers, John, papers of 38 

Rodney papers 37 

Roll of honor 6 

Room for the blind 9 2 ~95 

Roosevelt, Hon. Theodore, deposit 33, 146 

Roosevelt papers 33 

Root, Elihu, gift 146 

Salaries, increases of 1 1, 14-15 

Samuel, Ford E-, gift 146 

Scheltens & Giltay , gift 56 

Schindler, Kurt, gift 56 

Schirmer, G., Inc., gift 56 



Index 187 

Page 

Schmohl, Theodor, gift 56 

Scott, Walter, gift 20 

Semitic Division, report of 66-68 

Senate Park Commission correspondence 42 

Service 12 

Sherman, John, papers of 41-42 

Slavic Section, report of 68-71 

Smith , \Valter F. , gift 57 

Smithsonian Deposit 86-89 

Stephens, Alida M 74 

Stokes, Frederick A., company, gift 20 

Streater, Major Wallace, gift 146 

Superintendent of the Library Building and Grounds, report. . 169-179 

Swingle, Walter T 23-31 

Taft, Hon. William Howard, deposit 33~34> J 4^ 

Taft papers 33-34 

Taylor, Colonel John R. M. , gift 38, 146 

Thayer, Miss M. A. , gift 57 

Thompson, Henry Yates, gift 20 

Thompson, James D., 12 

Tracy, Gilbert A., estate of, gift 146 

Transcripts from foreign archives 43, 163-168 

Tyler, Lyon Gardiner, gift 146 

Tyler papers 32 

Underwood, Judge John C., papers of 41 

Unexpended balances 176 

U. S. Army War College, gift 146 

Visitors to the 'Library, statistics 177 

Walcott, F. M., gift 146 

Walker, Guy M. , gift 146 

War posters 65 

War Service 8-n, 78, 84, 94 

War songs 60 

Warden, David Baillie, papers of 38-39 

Warren, Charles R. , gift 57 

Washington, Prof. Henry, gift !46 

Washington papers 31 

Waste paper, sale of !y6 

Westfeldt, Mrs. J. B., gift 57 

Whitman papers 42 

Windeyer, Miss Margaret, gift 146 

Wright, Miss.Margarite C 74 

Yiddish collection 66-68 

Young Men 's Christian Association, Army Educational Commis- 
sion, A. E. F., gift I4 6 

Yudin collection , 68-70 

o 




Z 

733 

U57A2 

1918/19 






U.S. Library of Congress 

Report of the Librarian 
of Congress 



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